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/* ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is Mozilla XULRunner bootstrap.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Benjamin Smedberg <benjamin@smedbergs.us>.
 *
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2005
 * the Mozilla Foundation. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
 * the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

// This file is not build directly. Instead, it is included in multiple
// shared objects.

#ifdef nsWindowsRestart_cpp
#error "nsWindowsRestart.cpp is not a header file, and must only be included once."
#else
#define nsWindowsRestart_cpp
#endif

#include "nsUTF8Utils.h"

#include <shellapi.h>

#ifndef ERROR_ELEVATION_REQUIRED
#define ERROR_ELEVATION_REQUIRED 740L
#endif

BOOL (WINAPI *pCreateProcessWithTokenW)(HANDLE,
                                        DWORD,
                                        LPCWSTR,
                                        LPWSTR,
                                        DWORD,
                                        LPVOID,
                                        LPCWSTR,
                                        LPSTARTUPINFOW,
                                        LPPROCESS_INFORMATION);

BOOL (WINAPI *pIsUserAnAdmin)(VOID);

/**
 * Get the length that the string will take when it is quoted.
 */
static int QuotedStrLen(const PRUnichar *s)
{
  int i = 2; // initial and final quote
  while (*s) {
    if (*s == '"') {
      ++i;
    }

    ++i, ++s;
  }
  return i;
}

/**
 * Copy string "s" to string "d", quoting and escaping all double quotes.
 * The CRT parses this to retrieve the original argc/argv that we meant,
 * see STDARGV.C in the MSVC6 CRT sources.
 *
 * @return the end of the string
 */
static PRUnichar* QuoteString(PRUnichar *d, const PRUnichar *s)
{
  *d = '"';
  ++d;

  while (*s) {
    *d = *s;
    if (*s == '"') {
      ++d;
      *d = '"';
    }

    ++d; ++s;
  }

  *d = '"';
  ++d;

  return d;
}

/**
 * Create a quoted command from a list of arguments. The returned string
 * is allocated with "malloc" and should be "free"d.
 *
 * argv is UTF8
 */
static PRUnichar*
MakeCommandLine(int argc, PRUnichar **argv)
{
  int i;
  int len = 1; // null-termination

  for (i = 0; i < argc; ++i)
    len += QuotedStrLen(argv[i]) + 1;

  PRUnichar *s = (PRUnichar*) malloc(len * sizeof(PRUnichar));
  if (!s)
    return NULL;

  PRUnichar *c = s;
  for (i = 0; i < argc; ++i) {
    c = QuoteString(c, argv[i]);
    *c = ' ';
    ++c;
  }

  *c = '\0';

  return s;
}

/**
 * Launch a child process without elevated privilege.
 */
static BOOL
LaunchAsNormalUser(const PRUnichar *exePath, PRUnichar *cl)
{
#ifdef WINCE
  return PR_FALSE;
#else
  if (!pCreateProcessWithTokenW) {
    // IsUserAnAdmin is not present on Win9x and not exported by name on Win2k
    *(FARPROC *)&pIsUserAnAdmin =
        GetProcAddress(GetModuleHandleA("shell32.dll"), "IsUserAnAdmin");

    // CreateProcessWithTokenW is not present on WinXP or earlier
    *(FARPROC *)&pCreateProcessWithTokenW =
        GetProcAddress(GetModuleHandleA("advapi32.dll"),
                       "CreateProcessWithTokenW");

    if (!pCreateProcessWithTokenW)
      return FALSE;
  }

  // do nothing here if we are not elevated or IsUserAnAdmin is not present.
  if (!pIsUserAnAdmin || pIsUserAnAdmin && !pIsUserAnAdmin())
    return FALSE;

  // borrow the shell token to drop the privilege
  HWND hwndShell = FindWindowA("Progman", NULL);
  DWORD dwProcessId;
  GetWindowThreadProcessId(hwndShell, &dwProcessId);

  HANDLE hProcessShell = OpenProcess(MAXIMUM_ALLOWED, FALSE, dwProcessId);
  if (!hProcessShell)
    return FALSE;

  HANDLE hTokenShell;
  BOOL ok = OpenProcessToken(hProcessShell, MAXIMUM_ALLOWED, &hTokenShell);
  CloseHandle(hProcessShell);
  if (!ok)
    return FALSE;

  HANDLE hNewToken;
  ok = DuplicateTokenEx(hTokenShell,
                        MAXIMUM_ALLOWED,
                        NULL,
                        SecurityDelegation,
                        TokenPrimary,
                        &hNewToken);
  CloseHandle(hTokenShell);
  if (!ok)
    return FALSE;

  STARTUPINFOW si = {sizeof(si), 0};
  PROCESS_INFORMATION pi = {0};

  // When launching with reduced privileges, environment inheritance
  // (passing NULL as lpEnvironment) doesn't work correctly. Pass our
  // current environment block explicitly
  WCHAR* myenv = GetEnvironmentStringsW();

  ok = pCreateProcessWithTokenW(hNewToken,
                                0,    // profile is already loaded
                                exePath,
                                cl,
                                CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT,
                                myenv, // inherit my environment
                                NULL, // use my current directory
                                &si,
                                &pi);

  if (myenv)
    FreeEnvironmentStringsW(myenv);

  CloseHandle(hNewToken);
  if (!ok)
    return FALSE;

  CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);
  CloseHandle(pi.hThread);

  return TRUE;
#endif
}
/**
 * Convert UTF8 to UTF16 without using the normal XPCOM goop, which we
 * can't link to updater.exe.
 */
static PRUnichar*
AllocConvertUTF8toUTF16(const char *arg)
{
  // UTF16 can't be longer in units than UTF8
  int len = strlen(arg);
  PRUnichar *s = new PRUnichar[(len + 1) * sizeof(PRUnichar)];
  if (!s)
    return NULL;

  ConvertUTF8toUTF16 convert(s);
  convert.write(arg, len);
  convert.write_terminator();
  return s;
}

static void
FreeAllocStrings(int argc, PRUnichar **argv)
{
  while (argc) {
    --argc;
    delete [] argv[argc];
  }

  delete [] argv;
}

/**
 * Launch a child process with the specified arguments.
 * @param needElevation 1:need elevation, -1:want to drop priv, 0:don't care
 * @note argv[0] is ignored
 * @note The form of this function that takes char **argv expects UTF-8
 */

BOOL
WinLaunchChild(const PRUnichar *exePath, int argc, PRUnichar **argv, int needElevation);

BOOL
WinLaunchChild(const PRUnichar *exePath, int argc, char **argv, int needElevation)
{
  PRUnichar** argvConverted = new PRUnichar*[argc];
  if (!argvConverted)
    return FALSE;

  for (int i = 0; i < argc; ++i) {
    argvConverted[i] = AllocConvertUTF8toUTF16(argv[i]);
    if (!argvConverted[i]) {
      return FALSE;
    }
  }

  BOOL ok = WinLaunchChild(exePath, argc, argvConverted, needElevation);
  FreeAllocStrings(argc, argvConverted);
  return ok;
}

BOOL
WinLaunchChild(const PRUnichar *exePath, int argc, PRUnichar **argv, int needElevation)
{
  PRUnichar *cl;
  BOOL ok;
  if (needElevation > 0) {
    cl = MakeCommandLine(argc - 1, argv + 1);
    if (!cl)
      return FALSE;
    ok = ShellExecuteW(NULL, // no special UI window
                       NULL, // use default verb
                       exePath,
                       cl,
                       NULL, // use my current directory
                       SW_SHOWDEFAULT) > (HINSTANCE)32;
    free(cl);
    return ok;
  }

  cl = MakeCommandLine(argc, argv);
  if (!cl)
    return FALSE;

  if (needElevation < 0) {
    // try to launch as a normal user first
    ok = LaunchAsNormalUser(exePath, cl);
    // if it fails, fallback to normal launching
    if (!ok)
      needElevation = 0;
  }
  if (needElevation == 0) {
    STARTUPINFOW si = {sizeof(si), 0};
    PROCESS_INFORMATION pi = {0};

    ok = CreateProcessW(exePath,
                        cl,
                        NULL,  // no special security attributes
                        NULL,  // no special thread attributes
                        FALSE, // don't inherit filehandles
                        0,     // No special process creation flags
                        NULL,  // inherit my environment
                        NULL,  // use my current directory
                        &si,
                        &pi);

    if (ok) {
      CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);
      CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
    }
  }

  free(cl);

  return ok;
}