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<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0//EN">
<html>
 <head>
 <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
  <style type="text/css">
  body {font-family:arial}
.log {background-color:silver; color:blue}
  </style>
  <title> Debugging Frame Reflow</title>
 </head>
 <body>
<h1>Debugging Frame Reflow HowTo</h1>
<h2>General Overview</h2>
<p> The frame reflow can be logged with the debug capabilities implemented in <a href="http://lxr.mozilla.org/seamonkey/source/layout/html/base/src/nsFrame.cpp"><code>nsFrame.cpp</code></a>. 
It provides the following information for each frame at the
start of its reflow
<ul>
<li>reflow reason
<li>available width, available height
<li>computed width, computed height
<li>the previous and the next frame in flow
<li>and a count number.
</ul>
<p>When the frame's reflow is finished the following information is displayed :</p>
<ul>
<li>reflow metric (desired)  width, height
<li>max. element size (MES) width
<li>maximum Width
<li>frame status
<li>overflow area
</ul>

<h2>Getting the log</h2>
<ul>
<li>Make sure that your build is a <b>debug</b> build.
<li>Create a text file (for instance <code>reflow_rules.txt</code>).
<li>Enter this line  in the text file <pre>* 1</pre>
<li>Save the text file in the <code>%DIST%</code> directory
<li>Go to the <code>%DIST%</code> directory
<li>enter from command line: <code>set GECKO_DISPLAY_REFLOW_RULES_FILE=reflow_rules.txt</code>
<li> Run <code>viewer &gt; logfile.txt</code> and load your testcase. The
logfile will contain all the promised information.
</ul>
<h2>Log File analyis</h2>
<p>The logfile for a simple table like</p>
<pre>
&lt;!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"&gt;
&lt;html&gt;
&lt;head&gt;
  &lt;meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"&gt;
&lt;/head&gt;
&lt;body&gt;
&lt;table width="100"&gt;
  &lt;tbody&gt;
    &lt;tr&gt;
      &lt;td&gt;foo&lt;/td&gt;
    &lt;/tr&gt;
  &lt;/tbody&gt;
&lt;/table&gt;
&lt;/body&gt;
&lt;/html&gt;
</pre>

<p> will create the following log:</p>
<table class="log"><tr><td>
<pre>
VP 00B97C30 r=0 a=9180,4470 c=9180,4470 cnt=856 
 scroll 00B97EE0 r=0 a=9180,4470 c=9180,4470 cnt=857 
 scroll 00B97EE0 r=0 a=9180,4470 c=9180,4470 cnt=858 
  canvas 00B97C6C r=0 a=9180,UC c=9180,4470 cnt=859 
   area 02D7AFE4 r=0 a=9180,UC c=9180,UC cnt=860 
    text 02D7B150 r=0 a=9180,UC c=UC,UC cnt=861 
    text 02D7B150 d=0,0 
    block 02D7B210 r=0 a=9180,UC c=8940,UC cnt=862 
    block 02D7B210 d=8940,0 
   area 02D7AFE4 d=9180,120 
  canvas 00B97C6C d=9180,4470 
 scroll 00B97EE0 d=9180,4470 
 scroll 00B97EE0 d=9180,4470 
VP 00B97C30 d=9180,4470 
VP 00B97C30 r=1 a=9180,4470 c=9180,4470 cnt=863 
 scroll 00B97EE0 r=1 a=9180,4470 c=9180,4470 cnt=864 
 scroll 00B97EE0 r=1 a=9180,4470 c=9180,4470 cnt=865 
  canvas 00B97C6C r=1 a=9180,UC c=9180,4470 cnt=866 
   area 02D7AFE4 r=1 a=9180,UC c=9180,UC cnt=867 
    block 02D7B210 r=1 a=9180,UC c=8940,UC cnt=868 
     text 02D7B3F8 r=0 a=8940,UC c=UC,UC cnt=869 
     text 02D7B3F8 d=0,0 
     tblO 02D7B5F0 r=0 a=8940,UC c=0,0 cnt=870 
      tbl 02D7B7EC r=0 a=8940,UC c=1500,UC cnt=871 
       rowG 00B984A4 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=872 
        row 02D7BAF8 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=873 
         cell 02D7BC98 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=874 
          block 02D7BCF8 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=875 
           text 02D7BE84 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=876 
           text 02D7BE84 d=300,285 me=300 
          block 02D7BCF8 d=300,300 me=300 
         cell 02D7BC98 d=330,330 me=330 
        row 02D7BAF8 d=UC,330 
       rowG 00B984A4 d=UC,330 
       colG 02D7BFB0 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=877 
        col 02D7C0D8 r=0 a=0,0 c=1500,UC cnt=878 
        col 02D7C0D8 d=0,0 
       colG 02D7BFB0 d=0,0 
       rowG 00B984A4 r=2 a=1500,UC c=1500,UC cnt=879 
        row 02D7BAF8 r=2 a=1500,UC c=1500,UC cnt=880 
         cell 02D7BC98 r=2 a=1440,UC c=1410,UC cnt=881 
          block 02D7BCF8 r=2 a=1410,UC c=1410,UC cnt=882 
          block 02D7BCF8 d=1410,300 
         cell 02D7BC98 d=1440,330 
        row 02D7BAF8 d=1500,330 
       rowG 00B984A4 d=1500,330 
       colG 02D7BFB0 r=2 a=1500,UC c=1500,UC cnt=883 
        col 02D7C0D8 r=0 a=0,0 c=1500,UC cnt=884 
        col 02D7C0D8 d=0,0 
       colG 02D7BFB0 d=0,0 
      tbl 02D7B7EC d=1500,390 
     tblO 02D7B5F0 d=1500,390 
     text 02D7C130 r=0 a=8940,UC c=UC,UC cnt=885 
     text 02D7C130 d=0,0 
    block 02D7B210 d=8940,390 
   area 02D7AFE4 d=9180,630 
  canvas 00B97C6C d=9180,4470 
 scroll 00B97EE0 d=9180,4470 
 scroll 00B97EE0 d=9180,4470 
VP 00B97C30 d=9180,4470 
</pre>
</td></tr></table>
<p>
The first line shows the reflow of the viewport (<code class="log">VP</code>). This viewport has the address <code class="log">00B97C30</code>. It is the initial reflow: <code class="log">r=0</code>. Other reflow reasons are: </p>
<table>
<tr><td>1</td><td>incremental reflow</td></tr>
<tr><td>2</td><td>resize reflow</td></tr>
<tr><td>3</td><td>style change reflow</td></tr>
<tr><td>4</td><td>dirty reflow.</td></tr>
</table>

<p>The available width is 9180 twips. The available height is 4470 twips (<code class="log">a=9180,4470</code>). The computed width is 9180 twips. The computed height is 4470 twips (<code class="log">c=9180,4470</code>). The line count is 856 (<code  class="log">cnt=856</code>).
<p>
Below this is a line that reads:<p><code class="log">tblO 02D7B5F0 r=0 a=8940,UC c=0,0 cnt=870</code></p><p> Here the <code class="log">UC</code> shows that on initial reflow the available height for the outer table frame is unconstrained.
<p>
The table cell requires its children to compute the MES. It is reported back from the block as:
<p><code class="log">block 02D7BCF8 d=300,300 me=300</code></p>
<p>The  block max. element size is 300 twips.
<p> The second table reflow is started at 
<p><code class="log">rowG 00B984A4 r=2 a=1500,UC c=1500,UC cnt=879</code></p>
<p>where the previous information is used. 
The block has been required to compute the max. element size only once and it reports now:
<p> <code class="log">block 02D7BCF8 d=1410,300</code></p>
<p>The block shows the same address as the previous one. 
<p>Frames with children that overflow  the parent have the <code>NS_FRAME_OUTSIDE_CHILDREN</code> flag set. For these frames 
the overflowarea  is displayed as  <code class="log">block 025ED8F0 d=8940,1020 o=(0,0) 9180 x 1020</code>. The overflow area is specified as (x,y) origin and width x height.
<p> The reflow finishes at the same level where it started.

<h2>Advanced reflow debugging</h2>
<p>The previously described technique dumps the data for every frame. Sometimes the log is clearer if only the main frames are shown.
The entries in the reflow log can be controlled on a frame level.  For instance adding <code>text 0</code> to the rules in <code>reflow_rules.txt</code> would hide the text entries from the reflow. The display of the following frames can be turned on by adding a line with the frame name and  <code>1</code>  or turned off by adding a line with the frame name and <code>0</code>:</p>
<table cellspacing="5">
 <tr><th style="text-align:left">short name</th><th style="text-align:left">layout tag</th></tr>
 <tr><td>area</td><td>area</td></tr>
 <tr><td>block</td><td>block</td></tr>
 <tr><td>br</td><td>br</td></tr>
 <tr><td>bullet</td><td>bullet</td></tr>
 <tr><td>button</td><td>gfxButtonControl</td></tr>
 <tr><td>hr</td><td>hr</td></tr>
 <tr><td>frameI</td><td>htmlFrameInner</td></tr>
 <tr><td>frameO</td><td>htmlFrameOuter</td></tr>
 <tr><td>img</td><td>image</td></tr>
 <tr><td>inline</td><td>inline</td></tr>
 <tr><td>letter</td><td>letter</td></tr>
 <tr><td>line</td><td>line</td></tr>
 <tr><td>select</td><td>select</td></tr>
 <tr><td>obj</td><td>object</td></tr>
 <tr><td>page</td><td>page</td></tr>
 <tr><td>place</td><td>placeholder</td></tr>
 <tr><td>posInline</td><td>positionedInline</td></tr>
 <tr><td>canvas</td><td>canvas</td></tr>
 <tr><td>root</td><td>root</td></tr>
 <tr><td>scroll</td><td>scroll</td></tr>
 <tr><td>caption</td><td>tableCaption</td></tr>
 <tr><td>cell</td><td>tableCell</td></tr>
 <tr><td>bcCell</td><td>bcTableCell</td></tr>
 <tr><td>col</td><td>tableCol</td></tr>
 <tr><td>colG</td><td>tableColGroup</td></tr>
 <tr><td> tbl</td><td>table</td></tr>
 <tr><td>tblO</td><td>tableOuter</td></tr>
 <tr><td>rowG</td><td>tableRowGroup</td></tr>
 <tr><td>row</td><td>tableRow</td></tr>
 <tr><td>textCtl</td><td>textInput</td></tr>
 <tr><td>text</td><td>text</td></tr>
 <tr><td>VP</td><td>viewport</td></tr>
</table>
<p>Once the problem is reduced to a single frame level, placing a breakpoint at <code>DisplayReflowEnterPrint</code> in <a href="http://lxr.mozilla.org/seamonkey/source/layout/html/base/src/nsFrame.cpp"><code>nsFrame.cpp</code></a> is a very efficient way to step through
 the reflow tree.

<h2>Other reflow debug options</h2>

<h3>GECKO_DISPLAY_REFLOW_FLAG_PIXEL_ERRORS</h3>
<p>
Setting this option via <code>set GECKO_DISPLAY_REFLOW_FLAG_PIXEL_ERRORS = 1</code> enables a verification for each coordinate value that the coordinates are aligned at pixel boundaries.
<table class="log"><tr><td>
<pre>
              row 0268A594 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,20 cnt=870 
VALUE 20 is not a whole pixel 
               cell 0268A6C0 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,15 cnt=871 
                block 0268A764 r=0 a=UC,UC c=UC,UC cnt=872 
                block 0268A764 d=0,0 me=0 
               cell 0268A6C0 d=0,0 me=0 
              row 0268A594 d=UC,20 
VALUE 20 is not a whole pixel 
             rowG 0268A02C d=UC,695 
VALUE 695 is not a whole pixel</pre>
</td></tr></table>
<p>
While unaligned values at the entrance of a frame reflow can be ignored,  when they appear at the exit of a routine this can cause display errors like stray lines. OS2 is very vulnerable to pixel alignement errors as text is drawn on pixel boundaries.

<h3>GECKO_DISPLAY_REFLOW_INDENT_UNDISPLAYED_FRAMES</h3>
<p>
Setting this option via <code>set GECKO_DISPLAY_REFLOW_INDENT_UNDISPLAYED_FRAMES = 1</code> will cause an advance of the indent even for frames which are blocked via the reflow rules file.  
 </body>
</html>