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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*-
 * ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is the Mozilla browser.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Netscape Communications, Inc.
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1999
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *   Scott MacGregor <mscott@netscape.com>
 *   Christian Biesinger <cbiesinger@web.de>
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either of the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"),
 * or the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

#ifndef nsExternalHelperAppService_h__
#define nsExternalHelperAppService_h__

#ifdef MOZ_LOGGING
#define FORCE_PR_LOG
#endif
#include "prlog.h"
#include "prtime.h"

#include "nsInt64.h"

#include "nsIExternalHelperAppService.h"
#include "nsIExternalProtocolService.h"
#include "nsIWebProgressListener2.h"
#include "nsIHelperAppLauncherDialog.h"

#include "nsIMIMEInfo.h"
#include "nsMIMEInfoImpl.h"
#include "nsIMIMEService.h"
#include "nsIStreamListener.h"
#include "nsIFile.h"
#include "nsIFileStreams.h"
#include "nsIOutputStream.h"
#include "nsString.h"
#include "nsIInterfaceRequestor.h"
#include "nsIInterfaceRequestorUtils.h"
#include "nsILocalFile.h"
#include "nsIChannel.h"
#include "nsITimer.h"

#include "nsIRDFDataSource.h"
#include "nsIRDFResource.h"
#include "nsCOMPtr.h"
#include "nsIObserver.h"
#include "nsCOMArray.h"
#include "nsWeakReference.h"
#include "nsIPrompt.h"
#include "nsEventQueueUtils.h"

class nsExternalAppHandler;
class nsIMIMEInfo;
class nsIRDFService;
class nsITransfer;
class nsIDOMWindowInternal;

/**
 * The helper app service. Responsible for handling content that Mozilla
 * itself can not handle
 */
class nsExternalHelperAppService
: public nsIExternalHelperAppService,
  public nsPIExternalAppLauncher,
  public nsIExternalProtocolService,
  public nsIMIMEService,
  public nsIObserver,
  public nsSupportsWeakReference
{
public:
  NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS
  NS_DECL_NSIEXTERNALHELPERAPPSERVICE
  NS_DECL_NSPIEXTERNALAPPLAUNCHER
  NS_DECL_NSIEXTERNALPROTOCOLSERVICE
  NS_DECL_NSIMIMESERVICE
  NS_DECL_NSIOBSERVER

  nsExternalHelperAppService();
  virtual ~nsExternalHelperAppService();
  /**
   * Initializes the RDF datasource from the profile.
   * @retval NS_OK Loading was successful
   * @retval errorcode Loading failed
   * @see mOverRideDataSource
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) InitDataSource();

  /**
   * Initializes internal state. Will be called automatically when
   * this service is first instantiated.
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) Init();
 
  /**
   * Given a content type, look up the user override information to see if
   * we have a mime info object representing this content type. The user
   * over ride information is contained in a in memory data source.
   * @param aMIMEInfo The mime info to fill with the information
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) GetMIMEInfoForMimeTypeFromDS(const nsACString& aContentType,
                                                    nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo);
  
  /**
   * Given an extension, look up the user override information to see if we
   * have a mime info object representing this extension. The user over ride
   * information is contained in an in-memory data source.
   *
   * Does not change the MIME Type of the MIME Info.
   *
   * @param aMIMEInfo The mime info to fill with the information
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) GetMIMEInfoForExtensionFromDS(const nsACString& aFileExtension,
                                                     nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo);

  /**
   * Looks up the MIME Type for a given extension in the RDF Datasource.
   * @param aExtension The extension to look for
   * @param aType [out] The type, if found
   * @return PR_TRUE if found, PR_FALSE otherwise
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(PRBool) GetTypeFromDS(const nsACString& aFileExtension,
                                   nsACString& aType);

  /**
   * Given a mimetype and an extension, looks up a mime info from the OS.
   * The mime type is given preference. This function follows the same rules
   * as nsIMIMEService::GetFromTypeAndExtension.
   * This is supposed to be overridden by the platform-specific
   * nsOSHelperAppService!
   * @param aFileExt The file extension; may be empty. UTF-8 encoded.
   * @param [out] aFound
   *        Should be set to PR_TRUE if the os has a mapping, to
   *        PR_FALSE otherwise. Must not be null.
   * @return A MIMEInfo. This function must return a MIMEInfo object if it
   *         can allocate one.  The only justifiable reason for not
   *         returning one is an out-of-memory error.
   *         If null, the value of aFound is unspecified.
   */
  virtual already_AddRefed<nsIMIMEInfo> GetMIMEInfoFromOS(const nsACString& aMIMEType,
                                                          const nsACString& aFileExt,
                                                          PRBool     * aFound) = 0;

  /**
   * Given a string identifying an application, create an nsIFile representing
   * it. This function should look in $PATH for the application.
   * The base class implementation will first try to interpret platformAppPath
   * as an absolute path, and if that fails it will look for a file next to the
   * mozilla executable. Subclasses can override this method if they want a
   * different behaviour.
   * @param platformAppPath A platform specific path to an application that we
   *                        got out of the rdf data source. This can be a mac
   *                        file spec, a unix path or a windows path depending
   *                        on the platform
   * @param aFile           [out] An nsIFile representation of that platform
   *                        application path.
   */
  virtual nsresult GetFileTokenForPath(const PRUnichar * platformAppPath,
                                       nsIFile ** aFile);

  /**
   * Helper routine used to test whether a given mime type is in our
   * mimeTypes.rdf data source
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(PRBool) MIMETypeIsInDataSource(const char * aContentType);

protected:
  /**
   * Pointer to the datasource that contains the user override information.
   * @see InitDataSource
   */
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFDataSource> mOverRideDataSource;

  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_Description;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_Value;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_FileExtensions;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_Path;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_UseSystemDefault;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_SaveToDisk;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_AlwaysAsk;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_HandleInternal;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIRDFResource> kNC_PrettyName;

  /**
   * Whether mOverRideDataSource is initialized
   */
  PRBool mDataSourceInitialized;

  /**
   * Helper routines for digesting the data source and filling in a mime info
   * object for a given content type inside that data source.
   * The content type of the MIME Info will not be changed.
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) FillTopLevelProperties(nsIRDFResource * aContentTypeNodeResource, 
                                              nsIRDFService * aRDFService,
                                              nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo);
  /**
   * @see FillTopLevelProperties
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) FillContentHandlerProperties(const char * aContentType,
                                                    nsIRDFResource * aContentTypeNodeResource,
                                                    nsIRDFService * aRDFService,
                                                    nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo);

  /**
   * A small helper function which gets the target for a given source and
   * property. QIs to a literal and returns a CONST ptr to the string value
   * of that target
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) FillLiteralValueFromTarget(nsIRDFResource * aSource,
                                                  nsIRDFResource * aProperty,
                                                  const PRUnichar ** aLiteralValue);

  /**
   * Searches the "extra" array of MIMEInfo objects for an object
   * with a specific type. If found, it will modify the passed-in
   * MIMEInfo. Otherwise, it will return an error and the MIMEInfo
   * will be untouched.
   * @param aContentType The type to search for.
   * @param aMIMEInfo    [inout] The mime info, if found
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) GetMIMEInfoForMimeTypeFromExtras(const nsACString& aContentType,
                                                        nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo);
  /**
   * Searches the "extra" array of MIMEInfo objects for an object
   * with a specific extension.
   *
   * Does not change the MIME Type of the MIME Info.
   *
   * @see GetMIMEInfoForMimeTypeFromExtras
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) GetMIMEInfoForExtensionFromExtras(const nsACString& aExtension,
                                                         nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo);

  /**
   * Searches the "extra" array for a MIME type, and gets its extension.
   * @param aExtension The extension to search for
   * @param aMIMEType [out] The found MIME type.
   * @return PR_TRUE if the extension was found, PR_FALSE otherwise.
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(PRBool) GetTypeFromExtras(const nsACString& aExtension,
                                       nsACString& aMIMEType);

  /**
   * Fixes the file permissions to be correct. Base class has a no-op
   * implementation, subclasses can use this to correctly inherit ACLs from the
   * parent directory, to make the permissions obey the umask, etc.
   */
  virtual void FixFilePermissions(nsILocalFile* aFile);

#ifdef PR_LOGGING
  /**
   * NSPR Logging Module. Usage: set NSPR_LOG_MODULES=HelperAppService:level,
   * where level should be 2 for errors, 3 for debug messages from the cross-
   * platform nsExternalHelperAppService, and 4 for os-specific debug messages.
   */
  static PRLogModuleInfo* mLog;

#endif
  // friend, so that it can access the nspr log module and FixFilePermissions
  friend class nsExternalAppHandler;

  /**
   * Functions related to the tempory file cleanup service provided by
   * nsExternalHelperAppService
   */
  NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) ExpungeTemporaryFiles();
  /**
   * Array for the files that should be deleted
   */
  nsCOMArray<nsILocalFile> mTemporaryFilesList;

  /**
   * OS-specific loading of external URLs
   */
  virtual NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult) LoadUriInternal(nsIURI * aURL) = 0;
  NS_HIDDEN_(PRBool) isExternalLoadOK(nsIURI* aURI, nsIPrompt* aPrompt);
  NS_HIDDEN_(PRBool) promptForScheme(nsIURI* aURI, nsIPrompt* aPrompt, PRBool *aRemember);

  // friend event handler that accesses the external loading functions
  static void *PR_CALLBACK handleExternalLoadEvent(PLEvent *event);
};

/**
 * We need to read the data out of the incoming stream into a buffer which we
 * can then use to write the data into the output stream representing the
 * temp file.
 */
#define DATA_BUFFER_SIZE (4096*2) 

/**
 * An external app handler is just a small little class that presents itself as
 * a nsIStreamListener. It saves the incoming data into a temp file. The handler
 * is bound to an application when it is created. When it receives an
 * OnStopRequest it launches the application using the temp file it has
 * stored the data into.  We create a handler every time we have to process
 * data using a helper app.
 */
class nsExternalAppHandler : public nsIStreamListener,
                             public nsIHelperAppLauncher,
                             public nsITimerCallback
{
public:
  NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS
  NS_DECL_NSISTREAMLISTENER
  NS_DECL_NSIREQUESTOBSERVER
  NS_DECL_NSIHELPERAPPLAUNCHER
  NS_DECL_NSICANCELABLE
  NS_DECL_NSITIMERCALLBACK

  /**
   * @param aMIMEInfo      MIMEInfo object, representing the type of the
   *                       content that should be handled
   * @param aFileExtension The extension we need to append to our temp file,
   *                       INCLUDING the ".". e.g. .mp3
   * @param aWindowContext Window context, as passed to DoContent
   * @param aFileName      The filename to use
   * @param aReason        A constant from nsIHelperAppLauncherDialog indicating
   *                       why the request is handled by a helper app.
   */
  nsExternalAppHandler(nsIMIMEInfo * aMIMEInfo, const nsCSubstring& aFileExtension,
                       nsIInterfaceRequestor * aWindowContext,
                       const nsAString& aFilename,
                       PRUint32 aReason);

  ~nsExternalAppHandler();

protected:
  nsCOMPtr<nsIFile> mTempFile;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> mSourceUrl;
  nsString mTempFileExtension;
  /**
   * The MIME Info for this load. Will never be null.
   */
  nsCOMPtr<nsIMIMEInfo> mMimeInfo;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIOutputStream> mOutStream; /**< output stream to the temp file */
  nsCOMPtr<nsIInterfaceRequestor> mWindowContext;

  /**
   * Used to close the window on a timer, to avoid any exceptions that are
   * thrown if we try to close the window before it's fully loaded.
   */
  nsCOMPtr<nsIDOMWindowInternal> mWindowToClose;
  nsCOMPtr<nsITimer> mTimer;

  /**
   * The following field is set if we were processing an http channel that had
   * a content disposition header which specified the SUGGESTED file name we
   * should present to the user in the save to disk dialog. 
   */
  nsString mSuggestedFileName;

  /**
   * The canceled flag is set if the user canceled the launching of this
   * application before we finished saving the data to a temp file.
   */
  PRPackedBool mCanceled;

  /**
   * This is set based on whether the channel indicates that a new window
   * was opened specifically for this download.  If so, then we
   * close it.
   */
  PRPackedBool mShouldCloseWindow;

  /**
   * have we received information from the user about how they want to
   * dispose of this content
   */
  PRPackedBool mReceivedDispositionInfo;
  PRPackedBool mStopRequestIssued; 
  PRPackedBool mProgressListenerInitialized;

  /**
   * One of the REASON_ constants from nsIHelperAppLauncherDialog. Indicates the
   * reason the dialog was shown (unknown content type, server requested it,
   * etc).
   */
  PRUint32 mReason;

  PRTime mTimeDownloadStarted;
  nsInt64 mContentLength;
  nsInt64 mProgress; /**< Number of bytes received (for sending progress notifications). */

  /**
   * When we are told to save the temp file to disk (in a more permament
   * location) before we are done writing the content to a temp file, then
   * we need to remember the final destination until we are ready to use it.
   */
  nsCOMPtr<nsIFile> mFinalFileDestination;

  char mDataBuffer[DATA_BUFFER_SIZE];

  /**
   * Creates the temporary file for the download and an output stream for it.
   * Upon successful return, both mTempFile and mOutStream will be valid.
   */
  nsresult SetUpTempFile(nsIChannel * aChannel);
  /**
   * When we download a helper app, we are going to retarget all load
   * notifications into our own docloader and load group instead of
   * using the window which initiated the load....RetargetLoadNotifications
   * contains that information...
   */
  void RetargetLoadNotifications(nsIRequest *request); 
  /**
   * If the user tells us how they want to dispose of the content and
   * we still haven't finished downloading while they were deciding,
   * then create a progress listener of some kind so they know
   * what's going on...
   */
  nsresult CreateProgressListener();
  nsresult PromptForSaveToFile(nsILocalFile ** aNewFile,
                               const nsAFlatString &aDefaultFile,
                               const nsAFlatString &aDefaultFileExt);

  /**
   * After we're done prompting the user for any information, if the original
   * channel had a refresh url associated with it (which might point to a
   * "thank you for downloading" kind of page, then process that....It is safe
   * to invoke this method multiple times. We'll clear mOriginalChannel after
   * it's called and this ensures we won't call it again....
   */
  void ProcessAnyRefreshTags();

  /** 
   * An internal method used to actually move the temp file to the final
   * destination once we done receiving data AND have showed the progress dialog
   */
  nsresult MoveFile(nsIFile * aNewFileLocation);
  /**
   * An internal method used to actually launch a helper app given the temp file
   * once we are done receiving data AND have showed the progress dialog.
   * Uses the application specified in the mime info.
   */
  nsresult OpenWithApplication();
  
  /**
   * Helper routine which peaks at the mime action specified by mMimeInfo
   * and calls either MoveFile or OpenWithApplication
   */
  nsresult ExecuteDesiredAction();
  /**
   * Helper routine that searches a pref string for a given mime type
   */
  PRBool GetNeverAskFlagFromPref(const char * prefName, const char * aContentType);

  /**
   * Initialize an nsITransfer object for use as a progress object
   */
  nsresult InitializeDownload(nsITransfer*);
  
  /**
   * Helper routine to ensure mSuggestedFileName is "correct";
   * this ensures that mTempFileExtension only contains an extension when it
   * is different from mSuggestedFileName's extension.
   */
  void EnsureSuggestedFileName();

  typedef enum { kReadError, kWriteError, kLaunchError } ErrorType;
  /**
   * Utility function to send proper error notification to web progress listener
   */
  void SendStatusChange(ErrorType type, nsresult aStatus, nsIRequest *aRequest, const nsAFlatString &path);

  /**
   * Closes the window context if it does not have a refresh header
   * and it never displayed content before the external helper app
   * service was invoked.
   */
  nsresult MaybeCloseWindow();

  nsCOMPtr<nsIWebProgressListener2> mWebProgressListener;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIChannel> mOriginalChannel; /**< in the case of a redirect, this will be the pre-redirect channel. */
  nsCOMPtr<nsIHelperAppLauncherDialog> mDialog;

  /**
   * The request that's being loaded. Not used after OnStopRequest, so a weak
   * reference suffices. Initialized in OnStartRequest.
   */
  nsIRequest*  mRequest;
};

#endif // nsExternalHelperAppService_h__