DXR is a code search and navigation tool aimed at making sense of large projects. It supports full-text and regex searches as well as structural queries.

Untracked file

Line Code
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code.  In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
**    May you do good and not evil.
**    May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
**    May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This file contains C code routines that are called by the parser
** in order to generate code for DELETE FROM statements.
**
** $Id: delete.c,v 1.122 2006/02/24 02:53:50 drh Exp $
*/
#include "sqliteInt.h"

/*
** Look up every table that is named in pSrc.  If any table is not found,
** add an error message to pParse->zErrMsg and return NULL.  If all tables
** are found, return a pointer to the last table.
*/
Table *sqlite3SrcListLookup(Parse *pParse, SrcList *pSrc){
  Table *pTab = 0;
  int i;
  struct SrcList_item *pItem;
  for(i=0, pItem=pSrc->a; i<pSrc->nSrc; i++, pItem++){
    pTab = sqlite3LocateTable(pParse, pItem->zName, pItem->zDatabase);
    sqlite3DeleteTable(pParse->db, pItem->pTab);
    pItem->pTab = pTab;
    if( pTab ){
      pTab->nRef++;
    }
  }
  return pTab;
}

/*
** Check to make sure the given table is writable.  If it is not
** writable, generate an error message and return 1.  If it is
** writable return 0;
*/
int sqlite3IsReadOnly(Parse *pParse, Table *pTab, int viewOk){
  if( pTab->readOnly && (pParse->db->flags & SQLITE_WriteSchema)==0
        && pParse->nested==0 ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse, "table %s may not be modified", pTab->zName);
    return 1;
  }
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
  if( !viewOk && pTab->pSelect ){
    sqlite3ErrorMsg(pParse,"cannot modify %s because it is a view",pTab->zName);
    return 1;
  }
#endif
  return 0;
}

/*
** Generate code that will open a table for reading.
*/
void sqlite3OpenTable(
  Parse *p,       /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  int iCur,       /* The cursor number of the table */
  int iDb,        /* The database index in sqlite3.aDb[] */
  Table *pTab,    /* The table to be opened */
  int opcode      /* OP_OpenRead or OP_OpenWrite */
){
  Vdbe *v = sqlite3GetVdbe(p);
  assert( opcode==OP_OpenWrite || opcode==OP_OpenRead );
  sqlite3TableLock(p, iDb, pTab->tnum, (opcode==OP_OpenWrite), pTab->zName);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, iDb, 0);
  VdbeComment((v, "# %s", pTab->zName));
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, opcode, iCur, pTab->tnum);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, iCur, pTab->nCol);
}


/*
** Generate code for a DELETE FROM statement.
**
**     DELETE FROM table_wxyz WHERE a<5 AND b NOT NULL;
**                 \________/       \________________/
**                  pTabList              pWhere
*/
void sqlite3DeleteFrom(
  Parse *pParse,         /* The parser context */
  SrcList *pTabList,     /* The table from which we should delete things */
  Expr *pWhere           /* The WHERE clause.  May be null */
){
  Vdbe *v;               /* The virtual database engine */
  Table *pTab;           /* The table from which records will be deleted */
  const char *zDb;       /* Name of database holding pTab */
  int end, addr = 0;     /* A couple addresses of generated code */
  int i;                 /* Loop counter */
  WhereInfo *pWInfo;     /* Information about the WHERE clause */
  Index *pIdx;           /* For looping over indices of the table */
  int iCur;              /* VDBE Cursor number for pTab */
  sqlite3 *db;           /* Main database structure */
  AuthContext sContext;  /* Authorization context */
  int oldIdx = -1;       /* Cursor for the OLD table of AFTER triggers */
  NameContext sNC;       /* Name context to resolve expressions in */
  int iDb;

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  int isView;                  /* True if attempting to delete from a view */
  int triggers_exist = 0;      /* True if any triggers exist */
#endif

  sContext.pParse = 0;
  if( pParse->nErr || sqlite3MallocFailed() ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  db = pParse->db;
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );

  /* Locate the table which we want to delete.  This table has to be
  ** put in an SrcList structure because some of the subroutines we
  ** will be calling are designed to work with multiple tables and expect
  ** an SrcList* parameter instead of just a Table* parameter.
  */
  pTab = sqlite3SrcListLookup(pParse, pTabList);
  if( pTab==0 )  goto delete_from_cleanup;

  /* Figure out if we have any triggers and if the table being
  ** deleted from is a view
  */
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
  triggers_exist = sqlite3TriggersExist(pParse, pTab, TK_DELETE, 0);
  isView = pTab->pSelect!=0;
#else
# define triggers_exist 0
# define isView 0
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_VIEW
# undef isView
# define isView 0
#endif

  if( sqlite3IsReadOnly(pParse, pTab, triggers_exist) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  iDb = sqlite3SchemaToIndex(db, pTab->pSchema);
  assert( iDb<db->nDb );
  zDb = db->aDb[iDb].zName;
  if( sqlite3AuthCheck(pParse, SQLITE_DELETE, pTab->zName, 0, zDb) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* If pTab is really a view, make sure it has been initialized.
  */
  if( isView && sqlite3ViewGetColumnNames(pParse, pTab) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Allocate a cursor used to store the old.* data for a trigger.
  */
  if( triggers_exist ){ 
    oldIdx = pParse->nTab++;
  }

  /* Resolve the column names in the WHERE clause.
  */
  assert( pTabList->nSrc==1 );
  iCur = pTabList->a[0].iCursor = pParse->nTab++;
  memset(&sNC, 0, sizeof(sNC));
  sNC.pParse = pParse;
  sNC.pSrcList = pTabList;
  if( sqlite3ExprResolveNames(&sNC, pWhere) ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }

  /* Start the view context
  */
  if( isView ){
    sqlite3AuthContextPush(pParse, &sContext, pTab->zName);
  }

  /* Begin generating code.
  */
  v = sqlite3GetVdbe(pParse);
  if( v==0 ){
    goto delete_from_cleanup;
  }
  if( pParse->nested==0 ) sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(v);
  sqlite3BeginWriteOperation(pParse, triggers_exist, iDb);

  /* If we are trying to delete from a view, realize that view into
  ** a ephemeral table.
  */
  if( isView ){
    Select *pView = sqlite3SelectDup(pTab->pSelect);
    sqlite3Select(pParse, pView, SRT_VirtualTab, iCur, 0, 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3SelectDelete(pView);
  }

  /* Initialize the counter of the number of rows deleted, if
  ** we are counting rows.
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Integer, 0, 0);
  }

  /* Special case: A DELETE without a WHERE clause deletes everything.
  ** It is easier just to erase the whole table.  Note, however, that
  ** this means that the row change count will be incorrect.
  */
  if( pWhere==0 && !triggers_exist ){
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      /* If counting rows deleted, just count the total number of
      ** entries in the table. */
      int endOfLoop = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);
      int addr2;
      if( !isView ){
        sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rewind, iCur, sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(v)+2);
      addr2 = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Next, iCur, addr2);
      sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, endOfLoop);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
    }
    if( !isView ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Clear, pTab->tnum, iDb);
      if( !pParse->nested ){
        sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, pTab->zName, P3_STATIC);
      }
      for(pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        assert( pIdx->pSchema==pTab->pSchema );
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Clear, pIdx->tnum, iDb);
      }
    }
  }

  /* The usual case: There is a WHERE clause so we have to scan through
  ** the table and pick which records to delete.
  */
  else{
    /* Begin the database scan
    */
    pWInfo = sqlite3WhereBegin(pParse, pTabList, pWhere, 0);
    if( pWInfo==0 ) goto delete_from_cleanup;

    /* Remember the rowid of every item to be deleted.
    */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_FifoWrite, 0, 0);
    if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_AddImm, 1, 0);
    }

    /* End the database scan loop.
    */
    sqlite3WhereEnd(pWInfo);

    /* Open the pseudo-table used to store OLD if there are triggers.
    */
    if( triggers_exist ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_OpenPseudo, oldIdx, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_SetNumColumns, oldIdx, pTab->nCol);
    }

    /* Delete every item whose key was written to the list during the
    ** database scan.  We have to delete items after the scan is complete
    ** because deleting an item can change the scan order.
    */
    end = sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(v);

    /* This is the beginning of the delete loop when there are
    ** row triggers.
    */
    if( triggers_exist ){
      addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_FifoRead, 0, end);
      if( !isView ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, 0, 0);
        sqlite3OpenTable(pParse, iCur, iDb, pTab, OP_OpenRead);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MoveGe, iCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_RowData, iCur, 0);
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Insert, oldIdx, 0);
      if( !isView ){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
      }

      (void)sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_BEFORE, pTab,
          -1, oldIdx, (pParse->trigStack)?pParse->trigStack->orconf:OE_Default,
          addr);
    }

    if( !isView ){
      /* Open cursors for the table we are deleting from and all its
      ** indices.  If there are row triggers, this happens inside the
      ** OP_FifoRead loop because the cursor have to all be closed
      ** before the trigger fires.  If there are no row triggers, the
      ** cursors are opened only once on the outside the loop.
      */
      sqlite3OpenTableAndIndices(pParse, pTab, iCur, OP_OpenWrite);

      /* This is the beginning of the delete loop when there are no
      ** row triggers */
      if( !triggers_exist ){ 
        addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_FifoRead, 0, end);
      }

      /* Delete the row */
      sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(db, v, pTab, iCur, pParse->nested==0);
    }

    /* If there are row triggers, close all cursors then invoke
    ** the AFTER triggers
    */
    if( triggers_exist ){
      if( !isView ){
        for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
          sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur + i, pIdx->tnum);
        }
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
      }
      (void)sqlite3CodeRowTrigger(pParse, TK_DELETE, 0, TRIGGER_AFTER, pTab, -1,
          oldIdx, (pParse->trigStack)?pParse->trigStack->orconf:OE_Default,
          addr);
    }

    /* End of the delete loop */
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Goto, 0, addr);
    sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(v, end);

    /* Close the cursors after the loop if there are no row triggers */
    if( !triggers_exist ){
      for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
        sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur + i, pIdx->tnum);
      }
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Close, iCur, 0);
    }
  }

  /*
  ** Return the number of rows that were deleted. If this routine is 
  ** generating code because of a call to sqlite3NestedParse(), do not
  ** invoke the callback function.
  */
  if( db->flags & SQLITE_CountRows && pParse->nested==0 && !pParse->trigStack ){
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Callback, 1, 0);
    sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(v, 1);
    sqlite3VdbeSetColName(v, 0, COLNAME_NAME, "rows deleted", P3_STATIC);
  }

delete_from_cleanup:
  sqlite3AuthContextPop(&sContext);
  sqlite3SrcListDelete(pTabList);
  sqlite3ExprDelete(pWhere);
  return;
}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes a single row of a
** single table to be deleted.
**
** The VDBE must be in a particular state when this routine is called.
** These are the requirements:
**
**   1.  A read/write cursor pointing to pTab, the table containing the row
**       to be deleted, must be opened as cursor number "base".
**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number base+i for the i-th index.
**
**   3.  The record number of the row to be deleted must be on the top
**       of the stack.
**
** This routine pops the top of the stack to remove the record number
** and then generates code to remove both the table record and all index
** entries that point to that record.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowDelete(
  sqlite3 *db,       /* The database containing the index */
  Vdbe *v,           /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */
  int count          /* Increment the row change counter */
){
  int addr;
  addr = sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_NotExists, iCur, 0);
  sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(v, pTab, iCur, 0);
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Delete, iCur, (count?OPFLAG_NCHANGE:0));
  if( count ){
    sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(v, -1, pTab->zName, P3_STATIC);
  }
  sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(v, addr);
}

/*
** This routine generates VDBE code that causes the deletion of all
** index entries associated with a single row of a single table.
**
** The VDBE must be in a particular state when this routine is called.
** These are the requirements:
**
**   1.  A read/write cursor pointing to pTab, the table containing the row
**       to be deleted, must be opened as cursor number "iCur".
**
**   2.  Read/write cursors for all indices of pTab must be open as
**       cursor number iCur+i for the i-th index.
**
**   3.  The "iCur" cursor must be pointing to the row that is to be
**       deleted.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateRowIndexDelete(
  Vdbe *v,           /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  Table *pTab,       /* Table containing the row to be deleted */
  int iCur,          /* Cursor number for the table */
  char *aIdxUsed     /* Only delete if aIdxUsed!=0 && aIdxUsed[i]!=0 */
){
  int i;
  Index *pIdx;

  for(i=1, pIdx=pTab->pIndex; pIdx; i++, pIdx=pIdx->pNext){
    if( aIdxUsed!=0 && aIdxUsed[i-1]==0 ) continue;
    sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(v, pIdx, iCur);
    sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_IdxDelete, iCur+i, 0);
  }
}

/*
** Generate code that will assemble an index key and put it on the top
** of the tack.  The key with be for index pIdx which is an index on pTab.
** iCur is the index of a cursor open on the pTab table and pointing to
** the entry that needs indexing.
*/
void sqlite3GenerateIndexKey(
  Vdbe *v,           /* Generate code into this VDBE */
  Index *pIdx,       /* The index for which to generate a key */
  int iCur           /* Cursor number for the pIdx->pTable table */
){
  int j;
  Table *pTab = pIdx->pTable;

  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Rowid, iCur, 0);
  for(j=0; j<pIdx->nColumn; j++){
    int idx = pIdx->aiColumn[j];
    if( idx==pTab->iPKey ){
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Dup, j, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_Column, iCur, idx);
      sqlite3ColumnDefault(v, pTab, idx);
    }
  }
  sqlite3VdbeAddOp(v, OP_MakeIdxRec, pIdx->nColumn, 0);
  sqlite3IndexAffinityStr(v, pIdx);
}