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#!/usr/bin/perl

#
# types.pl - find recommended type definitions for digits and words
#
# This script scans the Makefile for the C compiler and compilation
# flags currently in use, and using this combination, attempts to
# compile a simple test program that outputs the sizes of the various
# unsigned integer types, in bytes.  Armed with these, it finds all
# the "viable" type combinations for mp_digit and mp_word, where
# viability is defined by the requirement that mp_word be at least two
# times the precision of mp_digit.
#
# Of these, the one with the largest digit size is chosen, and
# appropriate typedef statements are written to standard output.

# ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
# Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
#
# The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
# 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
# the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
# http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
#
# Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
# WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
# for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
# License.
#
# The Original Code is the MPI Arbitrary Precision Integer Arithmetic library.
#
# The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
# Michael J. Fromberger <sting@linguist.dartmouth.edu>.
# Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2000
# the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Contributor(s):
#
# Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
# either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
# the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
# in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
# of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
# under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
# use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
# decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
# and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
# the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
# the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
#
# ***** END LICENSE BLOCK *****

# $Id: types.pl,v 1.2 2005/02/02 22:28:22 gerv%gerv.net Exp $
#

@_=split(/\//,$0);chomp($prog=pop(@_));

# The array of integer types to be considered...
@TYPES = ( 
	   "unsigned char", 
	   "unsigned short", 
	   "unsigned int", 
	   "unsigned long"
);

# Macro names for the maximum unsigned value of each type
%TMAX = ( 
	  "unsigned char"   => "UCHAR_MAX",
	  "unsigned short"  => "USHRT_MAX",
	  "unsigned int"    => "UINT_MAX",
	  "unsigned long"   => "ULONG_MAX"
);

# Read the Makefile to find out which C compiler to use
open(MFP, "<Makefile") or die "$prog: Makefile: $!\n";
while(<MFP>) {
    chomp;
    if(/^CC=(.*)$/) {
	$cc = $1;
	last if $cflags;
    } elsif(/^CFLAGS=(.*)$/) {
	$cflags = $1;
	last if $cc;
    }
}
close(MFP);

# If we couldn't find that, use 'cc' by default
$cc = "cc" unless $cc;

printf STDERR "Using '%s' as the C compiler.\n", $cc;

print STDERR "Determining type sizes ... \n";
open(OFP, ">tc$$.c") or die "$prog: tc$$.c: $!\n";
print OFP "#include <stdio.h>\n\nint main(void)\n{\n";
foreach $type (@TYPES) {
    printf OFP "\tprintf(\"%%d\\n\", (int)sizeof(%s));\n", $type;
}
print OFP "\n\treturn 0;\n}\n";
close(OFP);

system("$cc $cflags -o tc$$ tc$$.c");

die "$prog: unable to build test program\n" unless(-x "tc$$");

open(IFP, "./tc$$|") or die "$prog: can't execute test program\n";
$ix = 0;
while(<IFP>) {
    chomp;
    $size{$TYPES[$ix++]} = $_;
}
close(IFP);

unlink("tc$$");
unlink("tc$$.c");

print STDERR "Selecting viable combinations ... \n";
while(($type, $size) = each(%size)) {
    push(@ts, [ $size, $type ]);
}

# Sort them ascending by size 
@ts = sort { $a->[0] <=> $b->[0] } @ts;

# Try all possible combinations, finding pairs in which the word size
# is twice the digit size.  The number of possible pairs is too small
# to bother doing this more efficiently than by brute force
for($ix = 0; $ix <= $#ts; $ix++) {
    $w = $ts[$ix];

    for($jx = 0; $jx <= $#ts; $jx++) {
	$d = $ts[$jx];

	if($w->[0] == 2 * $d->[0]) {
	    push(@valid, [ $d, $w ]);
	}
    }
}

# Sort descending by digit size
@valid = sort { $b->[0]->[0] <=> $a->[0]->[0] } @valid;

# Select the maximum as the recommended combination
$rec = shift(@valid);

printf("typedef %-18s mp_sign;\n", "char");
printf("typedef %-18s mp_digit;  /* %d byte type */\n", 
       $rec->[0]->[1], $rec->[0]->[0]);
printf("typedef %-18s mp_word;   /* %d byte type */\n", 
       $rec->[1]->[1], $rec->[1]->[0]);
printf("typedef %-18s mp_size;\n", "unsigned int");
printf("typedef %-18s mp_err;\n\n", "int");

printf("#define %-18s (CHAR_BIT*sizeof(mp_digit))\n", "DIGIT_BIT");
printf("#define %-18s %s\n", "DIGIT_MAX", $TMAX{$rec->[0]->[1]});
printf("#define %-18s (CHAR_BIT*sizeof(mp_word))\n", "MP_WORD_BIT");
printf("#define %-18s %s\n\n", "MP_WORD_MAX", $TMAX{$rec->[1]->[1]});
printf("#define %-18s (DIGIT_MAX+1)\n\n", "RADIX");

printf("#define %-18s \"%%0%dX\"\n", "DIGIT_FMT", (2 * $rec->[0]->[0]));

exit 0;