DXR is a code search and navigation tool aimed at making sense of large projects. It supports full-text and regex searches as well as structural queries.

Mercurial (cdf352f02ac4)

VCS Links

Line Code
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517
// © 2016 and later: Unicode, Inc. and others.
// License & terms of use: http://www.unicode.org/copyright.html
/*
*****************************************************************************************
* Copyright (C) 2016, International Business Machines
* Corporation and others. All Rights Reserved.
*****************************************************************************************
*/

#ifndef URELDATEFMT_H
#define URELDATEFMT_H

#include "unicode/utypes.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING && !UCONFIG_NO_BREAK_ITERATION

#include "unicode/unum.h"
#include "unicode/udisplaycontext.h"
#include "unicode/localpointer.h"
#include "unicode/uformattedvalue.h"

/**
 * \file
 * \brief C API: URelativeDateTimeFormatter, relative date formatting of unit + numeric offset.
 *
 * Provides simple formatting of relative dates, in two ways
 * <ul>
 *   <li>relative dates with a quantity e.g "in 5 days"</li>
 *   <li>relative dates without a quantity e.g "next Tuesday"</li>
 * </ul>
 * <p>
 * This does not provide compound formatting for multiple units,
 * other than the ability to combine a time string with a relative date,
 * as in "next Tuesday at 3:45 PM". It also does not provide support
 * for determining which unit to use, such as deciding between "in 7 days"
 * and "in 1 week".
 *
 * @stable ICU 57
 */

/**
 * The formatting style
 * @stable ICU 54
 */
typedef enum UDateRelativeDateTimeFormatterStyle {
  /**
   * Everything spelled out.
   * @stable ICU 54
   */
  UDAT_STYLE_LONG,

  /**
   * Abbreviations used when possible.
   * @stable ICU 54
   */
  UDAT_STYLE_SHORT,

  /**
   * Use the shortest possible form.
   * @stable ICU 54
   */
  UDAT_STYLE_NARROW,

#ifndef U_HIDE_DEPRECATED_API
    /**
     * One more than the highest normal UDateRelativeDateTimeFormatterStyle value.
     * @deprecated ICU 58 The numeric value may change over time, see ICU ticket #12420.
     */
    UDAT_STYLE_COUNT
#endif  /* U_HIDE_DEPRECATED_API */
} UDateRelativeDateTimeFormatterStyle;

/**
 * Represents the unit for formatting a relative date. e.g "in 5 days"
 * or "next year"
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
typedef enum URelativeDateTimeUnit {
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is year, e.g. "last year",
     * "in 5 years". 
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_YEAR,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is quarter, e.g. "last quarter",
     * "in 5 quarters".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_QUARTER,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is month, e.g. "last month",
     * "in 5 months".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_MONTH,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is week, e.g. "last week",
     * "in 5 weeks".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_WEEK,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is day, e.g. "yesterday",
     * "in 5 days".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_DAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is hour, e.g. "1 hour ago",
     * "in 5 hours".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_HOUR,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is minute, e.g. "1 minute ago",
     * "in 5 minutes".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_MINUTE,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is second, e.g. "1 second ago",
     * "in 5 seconds".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_SECOND,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Sunday, e.g. "last Sunday",
     * "this Sunday", "next Sunday", "in 5 Sundays".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_SUNDAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Monday, e.g. "last Monday",
     * "this Monday", "next Monday", "in 5 Mondays".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_MONDAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Tuesday, e.g. "last Tuesday",
     * "this Tuesday", "next Tuesday", "in 5 Tuesdays".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_TUESDAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Wednesday, e.g. "last Wednesday",
     * "this Wednesday", "next Wednesday", "in 5 Wednesdays".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_WEDNESDAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Thursday, e.g. "last Thursday",
     * "this Thursday", "next Thursday", "in 5 Thursdays". 
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_THURSDAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Friday, e.g. "last Friday",
     * "this Friday", "next Friday", "in 5 Fridays".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_FRIDAY,
    /**
     * Specifies that relative unit is Saturday, e.g. "last Saturday",
     * "this Saturday", "next Saturday", "in 5 Saturdays".
     * @stable ICU 57
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_SATURDAY,
#ifndef U_HIDE_DEPRECATED_API
    /**
     * One more than the highest normal URelativeDateTimeUnit value.
     * @deprecated ICU 58 The numeric value may change over time, see ICU ticket #12420.
     */
    UDAT_REL_UNIT_COUNT
#endif  /* U_HIDE_DEPRECATED_API */
} URelativeDateTimeUnit;

#ifndef U_HIDE_DRAFT_API
/**
 * FieldPosition and UFieldPosition selectors for format fields
 * defined by RelativeDateTimeFormatter.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
typedef enum URelativeDateTimeFormatterField {
    /**
     * Represents a literal text string, like "tomorrow" or "days ago".
     * @draft ICU 64
     */
    UDAT_REL_LITERAL_FIELD,
    /**
     * Represents a number quantity, like "3" in "3 days ago".
     * @draft ICU 64
     */
    UDAT_REL_NUMERIC_FIELD,
} URelativeDateTimeFormatterField;
#endif // U_HIDE_DRAFT_API


/**
 * Opaque URelativeDateTimeFormatter object for use in C programs.
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
struct URelativeDateTimeFormatter;
typedef struct URelativeDateTimeFormatter URelativeDateTimeFormatter;  /**< C typedef for struct URelativeDateTimeFormatter. @stable ICU 57 */


/**
 * Open a new URelativeDateTimeFormatter object for a given locale using the
 * specified width and capitalizationContext, along with a number formatter
 * (if desired) to override the default formatter that would be used for
 * display of numeric field offsets. The default formatter typically rounds
 * toward 0 and has a minimum of 0 fraction digits and a maximum of 3
 * fraction digits (i.e. it will show as many decimal places as necessary
 * up to 3, without showing trailing 0s).
 *
 * @param locale
 *          The locale
 * @param nfToAdopt
 *          A number formatter to set for this URelativeDateTimeFormatter
 *          object (instead of the default decimal formatter). Ownership of
 *          this UNumberFormat object will pass to the URelativeDateTimeFormatter
 *          object (the URelativeDateTimeFormatter adopts the UNumberFormat),
 *          which becomes responsible for closing it. If the caller wishes to
 *          retain ownership of the UNumberFormat object, the caller must clone
 *          it (with unum_clone) and pass the clone to ureldatefmt_open. May be
 *          NULL to use the default decimal formatter.
 * @param width
 *          The width - wide, short, narrow, etc.
 * @param capitalizationContext
 *          A value from UDisplayContext that pertains to capitalization, e.g.
 *          UDISPCTX_CAPITALIZATION_FOR_BEGINNING_OF_SENTENCE.
 * @param status
 *          A pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors.
 * @return
 *          A pointer to a URelativeDateTimeFormatter object for the specified locale,
 *          or NULL if an error occurred.
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
U_STABLE URelativeDateTimeFormatter* U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_open( const char*          locale,
                  UNumberFormat*       nfToAdopt,
                  UDateRelativeDateTimeFormatterStyle width,
                  UDisplayContext      capitalizationContext,
                  UErrorCode*          status );

/**
 * Close a URelativeDateTimeFormatter object. Once closed it may no longer be used.
 * @param reldatefmt
 *            The URelativeDateTimeFormatter object to close.
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
U_STABLE void U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_close(URelativeDateTimeFormatter *reldatefmt);

#ifndef U_HIDE_DRAFT_API
struct UFormattedRelativeDateTime;
/**
 * Opaque struct to contain the results of a URelativeDateTimeFormatter operation.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
typedef struct UFormattedRelativeDateTime UFormattedRelativeDateTime;

/**
 * Creates an object to hold the result of a URelativeDateTimeFormatter
 * operation. The object can be used repeatedly; it is cleared whenever
 * passed to a format function.
 *
 * @param ec Set if an error occurs.
 * @return A pointer needing ownership.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
U_DRAFT UFormattedRelativeDateTime* U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_openResult(UErrorCode* ec);

/**
 * Returns a representation of a UFormattedRelativeDateTime as a UFormattedValue,
 * which can be subsequently passed to any API requiring that type.
 *
 * The returned object is owned by the UFormattedRelativeDateTime and is valid
 * only as long as the UFormattedRelativeDateTime is present and unchanged in memory.
 *
 * You can think of this method as a cast between types.
 *
 * @param ufrdt The object containing the formatted string.
 * @param ec Set if an error occurs.
 * @return A UFormattedValue owned by the input object.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
U_DRAFT const UFormattedValue* U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_resultAsValue(const UFormattedRelativeDateTime* ufrdt, UErrorCode* ec);

/**
 * Releases the UFormattedRelativeDateTime created by ureldatefmt_openResult.
 *
 * @param ufrdt The object to release.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
U_DRAFT void U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_closeResult(UFormattedRelativeDateTime* ufrdt);
#endif  /* U_HIDE_DRAFT_API */


#if U_SHOW_CPLUSPLUS_API

U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

/**
 * \class LocalURelativeDateTimeFormatterPointer
 * "Smart pointer" class, closes a URelativeDateTimeFormatter via ureldatefmt_close().
 * For most methods see the LocalPointerBase base class.
 *
 * @see LocalPointerBase
 * @see LocalPointer
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
U_DEFINE_LOCAL_OPEN_POINTER(LocalURelativeDateTimeFormatterPointer, URelativeDateTimeFormatter, ureldatefmt_close);

#ifndef U_HIDE_DRAFT_API
/**
 * \class LocalUFormattedRelativeDateTimePointer
 * "Smart pointer" class, closes a UFormattedRelativeDateTime via ureldatefmt_closeResult().
 * For most methods see the LocalPointerBase base class.
 *
 * @see LocalPointerBase
 * @see LocalPointer
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
U_DEFINE_LOCAL_OPEN_POINTER(LocalUFormattedRelativeDateTimePointer, UFormattedRelativeDateTime, ureldatefmt_closeResult);
#endif  /* U_HIDE_DRAFT_API */

U_NAMESPACE_END

#endif

/**
 * Format a combination of URelativeDateTimeUnit and numeric
 * offset using a numeric style, e.g. "1 week ago", "in 1 week",
 * "5 weeks ago", "in 5 weeks".
 *
 * @param reldatefmt
 *          The URelativeDateTimeFormatter object specifying the
 *          format conventions.
 * @param offset
 *          The signed offset for the specified unit. This will
 *          be formatted according to this object's UNumberFormat
 *          object.
 * @param unit
 *          The unit to use when formatting the relative
 *          date, e.g. UDAT_REL_UNIT_WEEK, UDAT_REL_UNIT_FRIDAY.
 * @param result
 *          A pointer to a buffer to receive the formatted result.
 * @param resultCapacity
 *          The maximum size of result.
 * @param status
 *          A pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors. In
 *          case of error status, the contents of result are
 *          undefined.
 * @return
 *          The length of the formatted result; may be greater
 *          than resultCapacity, in which case an error is returned.
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_formatNumeric( const URelativeDateTimeFormatter* reldatefmt,
                    double                offset,
                    URelativeDateTimeUnit unit,
                    UChar*                result,
                    int32_t               resultCapacity,
                    UErrorCode*           status);

#ifndef U_HIDE_DRAFT_API
/**
 * Format a combination of URelativeDateTimeUnit and numeric
 * offset using a numeric style, e.g. "1 week ago", "in 1 week",
 * "5 weeks ago", "in 5 weeks".
 *
 * @param reldatefmt
 *          The URelativeDateTimeFormatter object specifying the
 *          format conventions.
 * @param offset
 *          The signed offset for the specified unit. This will
 *          be formatted according to this object's UNumberFormat
 *          object.
 * @param unit
 *          The unit to use when formatting the relative
 *          date, e.g. UDAT_REL_UNIT_WEEK, UDAT_REL_UNIT_FRIDAY.
 * @param result
 *          A pointer to a UFormattedRelativeDateTime to populate.
 * @param status
 *          A pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors. In
 *          case of error status, the contents of result are
 *          undefined.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
U_DRAFT void U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_formatNumericToResult(
    const URelativeDateTimeFormatter* reldatefmt,
    double                            offset,
    URelativeDateTimeUnit             unit,
    UFormattedRelativeDateTime*       result,
    UErrorCode*                       status);
#endif  /* U_HIDE_DRAFT_API */

/**
 * Format a combination of URelativeDateTimeUnit and numeric offset
 * using a text style if possible, e.g. "last week", "this week",
 * "next week", "yesterday", "tomorrow". Falls back to numeric
 * style if no appropriate text term is available for the specified
 * offset in the object's locale.
 *
 * @param reldatefmt
 *          The URelativeDateTimeFormatter object specifying the
 *          format conventions.
 * @param offset
 *          The signed offset for the specified unit.
 * @param unit
 *          The unit to use when formatting the relative
 *          date, e.g. UDAT_REL_UNIT_WEEK, UDAT_REL_UNIT_FRIDAY.
 * @param result
 *          A pointer to a buffer to receive the formatted result.
 * @param resultCapacity
 *          The maximum size of result.
 * @param status
 *          A pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors. In
 *          case of error status, the contents of result are
 *          undefined.
 * @return
 *          The length of the formatted result; may be greater
 *          than resultCapacity, in which case an error is returned.
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_format( const URelativeDateTimeFormatter* reldatefmt,
                    double                offset,
                    URelativeDateTimeUnit unit,
                    UChar*                result,
                    int32_t               resultCapacity,
                    UErrorCode*           status);

#ifndef U_HIDE_DRAFT_API
/**
 * Format a combination of URelativeDateTimeUnit and numeric offset
 * using a text style if possible, e.g. "last week", "this week",
 * "next week", "yesterday", "tomorrow". Falls back to numeric
 * style if no appropriate text term is available for the specified
 * offset in the object's locale.
 *
 * This method populates a UFormattedRelativeDateTime, which exposes more
 * information than the string populated by format().
 *
 * @param reldatefmt
 *          The URelativeDateTimeFormatter object specifying the
 *          format conventions.
 * @param offset
 *          The signed offset for the specified unit.
 * @param unit
 *          The unit to use when formatting the relative
 *          date, e.g. UDAT_REL_UNIT_WEEK, UDAT_REL_UNIT_FRIDAY.
 * @param result
 *          A pointer to a UFormattedRelativeDateTime to populate.
 * @param status
 *          A pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors. In
 *          case of error status, the contents of result are
 *          undefined.
 * @draft ICU 64
 */
U_DRAFT void U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_formatToResult(
    const URelativeDateTimeFormatter* reldatefmt,
    double                            offset,
    URelativeDateTimeUnit             unit,
    UFormattedRelativeDateTime*       result,
    UErrorCode*                       status);
#endif  /* U_HIDE_DRAFT_API */

/**
 * Combines a relative date string and a time string in this object's
 * locale. This is done with the same date-time separator used for the
 * default calendar in this locale to produce a result such as
 * "yesterday at 3:45 PM".
 *
 * @param reldatefmt
 *          The URelativeDateTimeFormatter object specifying the format conventions.
 * @param relativeDateString
 *          The relative date string.
 * @param relativeDateStringLen
 *          The length of relativeDateString; may be -1 if relativeDateString
 *          is zero-terminated.
 * @param timeString
 *          The time string.
 * @param timeStringLen
 *          The length of timeString; may be -1 if timeString is zero-terminated.
 * @param result
 *          A pointer to a buffer to receive the formatted result.
 * @param resultCapacity
 *          The maximum size of result.
 * @param status
 *          A pointer to a UErrorCode to receive any errors. In case of error status,
 *          the contents of result are undefined.
 * @return
 *          The length of the formatted result; may be greater than resultCapacity,
 *          in which case an error is returned.
 * @stable ICU 57
 */
U_STABLE int32_t U_EXPORT2
ureldatefmt_combineDateAndTime( const URelativeDateTimeFormatter* reldatefmt,
                    const UChar *     relativeDateString,
                    int32_t           relativeDateStringLen,
                    const UChar *     timeString,
                    int32_t           timeStringLen,
                    UChar*            result,
                    int32_t           resultCapacity,
                    UErrorCode*       status );

#endif /* !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING && !UCONFIG_NO_BREAK_ITERATION */

#endif