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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "Hal.h"
#include "HalLog.h"
#include <dbus/dbus-glib.h>
#include <dbus/dbus-glib-lowlevel.h>
#include <mozilla/Attributes.h>
#include <mozilla/dom/battery/Constants.h>
#include "nsAutoRef.h"
#include <cmath>

/*
 * Helper that manages the destruction of glib objects as soon as they leave
 * the current scope.
 *
 * We are specializing nsAutoRef class.
 */

template <>
class nsAutoRefTraits<GHashTable> : public nsPointerRefTraits<GHashTable> {
 public:
  static void Release(GHashTable* ptr) { g_hash_table_unref(ptr); }
};

using namespace mozilla::dom::battery;

namespace mozilla {
namespace hal_impl {

/**
 * This is the declaration of UPowerClient class. This class is listening and
 * communicating to upower daemon through DBus.
 * There is no header file because this class shouldn't be public.
 */
class UPowerClient {
 public:
  static UPowerClient* GetInstance();

  void BeginListening();
  void StopListening();

  double GetLevel();
  bool IsCharging();
  double GetRemainingTime();

  ~UPowerClient();

 private:
  UPowerClient();

  enum States {
    eState_Unknown = 0,
    eState_Charging,
    eState_Discharging,
    eState_Empty,
    eState_FullyCharged,
    eState_PendingCharge,
    eState_PendingDischarge
  };

  /**
   * Update the currently tracked device.
   * @return whether everything went ok.
   */
  void UpdateTrackedDeviceSync();

  /**
   * Returns a hash table with the properties of aDevice.
   * Note: the caller has to unref the hash table.
   */
  GHashTable* GetDevicePropertiesSync(DBusGProxy* aProxy);
  void GetDevicePropertiesAsync(DBusGProxy* aProxy);
  static void GetDevicePropertiesCallback(DBusGProxy* aProxy,
                                          DBusGProxyCall* aCall, void* aData);

  /**
   * Using the device properties (aHashTable), this method updates the member
   * variable storing the values we care about.
   */
  void UpdateSavedInfo(GHashTable* aHashTable);

  /**
   * Callback used by 'DeviceChanged' signal.
   */
  static void DeviceChanged(DBusGProxy* aProxy, const gchar* aObjectPath,
                            UPowerClient* aListener);

  /**
   * Callback used by 'PropertiesChanged' signal.
   * This method is called when the the battery level changes.
   * (Only with upower >= 0.99)
   */
  static void PropertiesChanged(DBusGProxy* aProxy, const gchar*, GHashTable*,
                                char**, UPowerClient* aListener);

  /**
   * Callback called when mDBusConnection gets a signal.
   */
  static DBusHandlerResult ConnectionSignalFilter(DBusConnection* aConnection,
                                                  DBusMessage* aMessage,
                                                  void* aData);

  // The DBus connection object.
  DBusGConnection* mDBusConnection;

  // The DBus proxy object to upower.
  DBusGProxy* mUPowerProxy;

  // The path of the tracked device.
  gchar* mTrackedDevice;

  // The DBusGProxy for the tracked device.
  DBusGProxy* mTrackedDeviceProxy;

  double mLevel;
  bool mCharging;
  double mRemainingTime;

  static UPowerClient* sInstance;

  static const guint sDeviceTypeBattery = 2;
  static const guint64 kUPowerUnknownRemainingTime = 0;
};

/*
 * Implementation of mozilla::hal_impl::EnableBatteryNotifications,
 *                   mozilla::hal_impl::DisableBatteryNotifications,
 *               and mozilla::hal_impl::GetCurrentBatteryInformation.
 */

void EnableBatteryNotifications() {
  UPowerClient::GetInstance()->BeginListening();
}

void DisableBatteryNotifications() {
  UPowerClient::GetInstance()->StopListening();
}

void GetCurrentBatteryInformation(hal::BatteryInformation* aBatteryInfo) {
  UPowerClient* upowerClient = UPowerClient::GetInstance();

  aBatteryInfo->level() = upowerClient->GetLevel();
  aBatteryInfo->charging() = upowerClient->IsCharging();
  aBatteryInfo->remainingTime() = upowerClient->GetRemainingTime();
}

/*
 * Following is the implementation of UPowerClient.
 */

UPowerClient* UPowerClient::sInstance = nullptr;

/* static */
UPowerClient* UPowerClient::GetInstance() {
  if (!sInstance) {
    sInstance = new UPowerClient();
  }

  return sInstance;
}

UPowerClient::UPowerClient()
    : mDBusConnection(nullptr),
      mUPowerProxy(nullptr),
      mTrackedDevice(nullptr),
      mTrackedDeviceProxy(nullptr),
      mLevel(kDefaultLevel),
      mCharging(kDefaultCharging),
      mRemainingTime(kDefaultRemainingTime) {}

UPowerClient::~UPowerClient() {
  NS_ASSERTION(!mDBusConnection && !mUPowerProxy && !mTrackedDevice &&
                   !mTrackedDeviceProxy,
               "The observers have not been correctly removed! "
               "(StopListening should have been called)");
}

void UPowerClient::BeginListening() {
  GError* error = nullptr;
  mDBusConnection = dbus_g_bus_get(DBUS_BUS_SYSTEM, &error);

  if (!mDBusConnection) {
    HAL_LOG("Failed to open connection to bus: %s\n", error->message);
    g_error_free(error);
    return;
  }

  DBusConnection* dbusConnection =
      dbus_g_connection_get_connection(mDBusConnection);

  // Make sure we do not exit the entire program if DBus connection get lost.
  dbus_connection_set_exit_on_disconnect(dbusConnection, false);

  // Listening to signals the DBus connection is going to get so we will know
  // when it is lost and we will be able to disconnect cleanly.
  dbus_connection_add_filter(dbusConnection, ConnectionSignalFilter, this,
                             nullptr);

  mUPowerProxy = dbus_g_proxy_new_for_name(
      mDBusConnection, "org.freedesktop.UPower", "/org/freedesktop/UPower",
      "org.freedesktop.UPower");

  UpdateTrackedDeviceSync();

  /*
   * TODO: we should probably listen to DeviceAdded and DeviceRemoved signals.
   * If we do that, we would have to disconnect from those in StopListening.
   * It's not yet implemented because it requires testing hot plugging and
   * removal of a battery.
   */
  dbus_g_proxy_add_signal(mUPowerProxy, "DeviceChanged", G_TYPE_STRING,
                          G_TYPE_INVALID);
  dbus_g_proxy_connect_signal(mUPowerProxy, "DeviceChanged",
                              G_CALLBACK(DeviceChanged), this, nullptr);
}

void UPowerClient::StopListening() {
  // If mDBusConnection isn't initialized, that means we are not really
  // listening.
  if (!mDBusConnection) {
    return;
  }

  dbus_connection_remove_filter(
      dbus_g_connection_get_connection(mDBusConnection), ConnectionSignalFilter,
      this);

  dbus_g_proxy_disconnect_signal(mUPowerProxy, "DeviceChanged",
                                 G_CALLBACK(DeviceChanged), this);

  g_free(mTrackedDevice);
  mTrackedDevice = nullptr;

  if (mTrackedDeviceProxy) {
    dbus_g_proxy_disconnect_signal(mTrackedDeviceProxy, "PropertiesChanged",
                                   G_CALLBACK(PropertiesChanged), this);

    g_object_unref(mTrackedDeviceProxy);
    mTrackedDeviceProxy = nullptr;
  }

  g_object_unref(mUPowerProxy);
  mUPowerProxy = nullptr;

  dbus_g_connection_unref(mDBusConnection);
  mDBusConnection = nullptr;

  // We should now show the default values, not the latest we got.
  mLevel = kDefaultLevel;
  mCharging = kDefaultCharging;
  mRemainingTime = kDefaultRemainingTime;
}

void UPowerClient::UpdateTrackedDeviceSync() {
  GType typeGPtrArray =
      dbus_g_type_get_collection("GPtrArray", DBUS_TYPE_G_OBJECT_PATH);
  GPtrArray* devices = nullptr;
  GError* error = nullptr;

  // Reset the current tracked device:
  g_free(mTrackedDevice);
  mTrackedDevice = nullptr;

  // Reset the current tracked device proxy:
  if (mTrackedDeviceProxy) {
    dbus_g_proxy_disconnect_signal(mTrackedDeviceProxy, "PropertiesChanged",
                                   G_CALLBACK(PropertiesChanged), this);

    g_object_unref(mTrackedDeviceProxy);
    mTrackedDeviceProxy = nullptr;
  }

  // If that fails, that likely means upower isn't installed.
  if (!dbus_g_proxy_call(mUPowerProxy, "EnumerateDevices", &error,
                         G_TYPE_INVALID, typeGPtrArray, &devices,
                         G_TYPE_INVALID)) {
    HAL_LOG("Error: %s\n", error->message);
    g_error_free(error);
    return;
  }

  /*
   * We are looking for the first device that is a battery.
   * TODO: we could try to combine more than one battery.
   */
  for (guint i = 0; i < devices->len; ++i) {
    gchar* devicePath = static_cast<gchar*>(g_ptr_array_index(devices, i));

    DBusGProxy* proxy = dbus_g_proxy_new_from_proxy(
        mUPowerProxy, "org.freedesktop.DBus.Properties", devicePath);

    nsAutoRef<GHashTable> hashTable(GetDevicePropertiesSync(proxy));

    if (g_value_get_uint(static_cast<const GValue*>(
            g_hash_table_lookup(hashTable, "Type"))) == sDeviceTypeBattery) {
      UpdateSavedInfo(hashTable);
      mTrackedDevice = devicePath;
      mTrackedDeviceProxy = proxy;
      break;
    }

    g_object_unref(proxy);
    g_free(devicePath);
  }

  if (mTrackedDeviceProxy) {
    dbus_g_proxy_add_signal(
        mTrackedDeviceProxy, "PropertiesChanged", G_TYPE_STRING,
        dbus_g_type_get_map("GHashTable", G_TYPE_STRING, G_TYPE_VALUE),
        G_TYPE_STRV, G_TYPE_INVALID);
    dbus_g_proxy_connect_signal(mTrackedDeviceProxy, "PropertiesChanged",
                                G_CALLBACK(PropertiesChanged), this, nullptr);
  }

  g_ptr_array_free(devices, true);
}

/* static */
void UPowerClient::DeviceChanged(DBusGProxy* aProxy, const gchar* aObjectPath,
                                 UPowerClient* aListener) {
  if (!aListener->mTrackedDevice) {
    return;
  }

#if GLIB_MAJOR_VERSION >= 2 && GLIB_MINOR_VERSION >= 16
  if (g_strcmp0(aObjectPath, aListener->mTrackedDevice)) {
#else
  if (g_ascii_strcasecmp(aObjectPath, aListener->mTrackedDevice)) {
#endif
    return;
  }

  aListener->GetDevicePropertiesAsync(aListener->mTrackedDeviceProxy);
}

/* static */
void UPowerClient::PropertiesChanged(DBusGProxy* aProxy, const gchar*,
                                     GHashTable*, char**,
                                     UPowerClient* aListener) {
  aListener->GetDevicePropertiesAsync(aListener->mTrackedDeviceProxy);
}

/* static */
DBusHandlerResult UPowerClient::ConnectionSignalFilter(
    DBusConnection* aConnection, DBusMessage* aMessage, void* aData) {
  if (dbus_message_is_signal(aMessage, DBUS_INTERFACE_LOCAL, "Disconnected")) {
    static_cast<UPowerClient*>(aData)->StopListening();
    // We do not return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_HANDLED here because the connection
    // might be shared and some other filters might want to do something.
  }

  return DBUS_HANDLER_RESULT_NOT_YET_HANDLED;
}

GHashTable* UPowerClient::GetDevicePropertiesSync(DBusGProxy* aProxy) {
  GError* error = nullptr;
  GHashTable* hashTable = nullptr;
  GType typeGHashTable =
      dbus_g_type_get_map("GHashTable", G_TYPE_STRING, G_TYPE_VALUE);
  if (!dbus_g_proxy_call(aProxy, "GetAll", &error, G_TYPE_STRING,
                         "org.freedesktop.UPower.Device", G_TYPE_INVALID,
                         typeGHashTable, &hashTable, G_TYPE_INVALID)) {
    HAL_LOG("Error: %s\n", error->message);
    g_error_free(error);
    return nullptr;
  }

  return hashTable;
}

/* static */
void UPowerClient::GetDevicePropertiesCallback(DBusGProxy* aProxy,
                                               DBusGProxyCall* aCall,
                                               void* aData) {
  GError* error = nullptr;
  GHashTable* hashTable = nullptr;
  GType typeGHashTable =
      dbus_g_type_get_map("GHashTable", G_TYPE_STRING, G_TYPE_VALUE);
  if (!dbus_g_proxy_end_call(aProxy, aCall, &error, typeGHashTable, &hashTable,
                             G_TYPE_INVALID)) {
    HAL_LOG("Error: %s\n", error->message);
    g_error_free(error);
  } else {
    sInstance->UpdateSavedInfo(hashTable);
    hal::NotifyBatteryChange(hal::BatteryInformation(
        sInstance->mLevel, sInstance->mCharging, sInstance->mRemainingTime));
    g_hash_table_unref(hashTable);
  }
}

void UPowerClient::GetDevicePropertiesAsync(DBusGProxy* aProxy) {
  dbus_g_proxy_begin_call(aProxy, "GetAll", GetDevicePropertiesCallback,
                          nullptr, nullptr, G_TYPE_STRING,
                          "org.freedesktop.UPower.Device", G_TYPE_INVALID);
}

void UPowerClient::UpdateSavedInfo(GHashTable* aHashTable) {
  bool isFull = false;

  /*
   * State values are confusing...
   * First of all, after looking at upower sources (0.9.13), it seems that
   * PendingDischarge and PendingCharge are not used.
   * In addition, FullyCharged and Empty states are not clear because we do not
   * know if the battery is actually charging or not. Those values come directly
   * from sysfs (in the Linux kernel) which have four states: "Empty", "Full",
   * "Charging" and "Discharging". In sysfs, "Empty" and "Full" are also only
   * related to the level, not to the charging state.
   * In this code, we are going to assume that Full means charging and Empty
   * means discharging because if that is not the case, the state should not
   * last a long time (actually, it should disappear at the following update).
   * It might be even very hard to see real cases where the state is Empty and
   * the battery is charging or the state is Full and the battery is discharging
   * given that plugging/unplugging the battery should have an impact on the
   * level.
   */
  switch (g_value_get_uint(
      static_cast<const GValue*>(g_hash_table_lookup(aHashTable, "State")))) {
    case eState_Unknown:
      mCharging = kDefaultCharging;
      break;
    case eState_FullyCharged:
      isFull = true;
      [[fallthrough]];
    case eState_Charging:
    case eState_PendingCharge:
      mCharging = true;
      break;
    case eState_Discharging:
    case eState_Empty:
    case eState_PendingDischarge:
      mCharging = false;
      break;
  }

  /*
   * The battery level might be very close to 100% (like 99%) without
   * increasing. It seems that upower sets the battery state as 'full' in that
   * case so we should trust it and not even try to get the value.
   */
  if (isFull) {
    mLevel = 1.0;
  } else {
    mLevel = round(g_value_get_double(static_cast<const GValue*>(
                 g_hash_table_lookup(aHashTable, "Percentage")))) *
             0.01;
  }

  if (isFull) {
    mRemainingTime = 0;
  } else {
    mRemainingTime = mCharging
                         ? g_value_get_int64(static_cast<const GValue*>(
                               g_hash_table_lookup(aHashTable, "TimeToFull")))
                         : g_value_get_int64(static_cast<const GValue*>(
                               g_hash_table_lookup(aHashTable, "TimeToEmpty")));

    if (mRemainingTime == kUPowerUnknownRemainingTime) {
      mRemainingTime = kUnknownRemainingTime;
    }
  }
}

double UPowerClient::GetLevel() { return mLevel; }

bool UPowerClient::IsCharging() { return mCharging; }

double UPowerClient::GetRemainingTime() { return mRemainingTime; }

}  // namespace hal_impl
}  // namespace mozilla