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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "ProfileUnlockerWin.h"
#include "nsCOMPtr.h"
#include "nsIFile.h"
#include "nsTArray.h"
#include "nsXPCOM.h"

namespace mozilla {

/**
 * RAII class to obtain and manage a handle to a Restart Manager session.
 * It opens a new handle upon construction and releases it upon destruction.
 */
class MOZ_STACK_CLASS ScopedRestartManagerSession {
 public:
  explicit ScopedRestartManagerSession(ProfileUnlockerWin& aUnlocker)
      : mError(ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE),
        mHandle((DWORD)-1)  // 0 is a valid restart manager handle
        ,
        mUnlocker(aUnlocker) {
    mError = mUnlocker.StartSession(mHandle);
  }

  ~ScopedRestartManagerSession() {
    if (mError == ERROR_SUCCESS) {
      mUnlocker.EndSession(mHandle);
    }
  }

  /**
   * @return true if the handle is a valid Restart Ranager handle.
   */
  inline bool ok() { return mError == ERROR_SUCCESS; }

  /**
   * @return the Restart Manager handle to pass to other Restart Manager APIs.
   */
  inline DWORD handle() { return mHandle; }

 private:
  DWORD mError;
  DWORD mHandle;
  ProfileUnlockerWin& mUnlocker;
};

ProfileUnlockerWin::ProfileUnlockerWin(const nsAString& aFileName)
    : mRmStartSession(nullptr),
      mRmRegisterResources(nullptr),
      mRmGetList(nullptr),
      mRmEndSession(nullptr),
      mQueryFullProcessImageName(nullptr),
      mFileName(aFileName) {}

ProfileUnlockerWin::~ProfileUnlockerWin() {}

NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS(ProfileUnlockerWin, nsIProfileUnlocker)

nsresult ProfileUnlockerWin::Init() {
  MOZ_ASSERT(!mRestartMgrModule);
  if (mFileName.IsEmpty()) {
    return NS_ERROR_ILLEGAL_VALUE;
  }

  nsModuleHandle module(::LoadLibraryW(L"Rstrtmgr.dll"));
  if (!module) {
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_AVAILABLE;
  }
  mRmStartSession = reinterpret_cast<RMSTARTSESSION>(
      ::GetProcAddress(module, "RmStartSession"));
  if (!mRmStartSession) {
    return NS_ERROR_UNEXPECTED;
  }
  mRmRegisterResources = reinterpret_cast<RMREGISTERRESOURCES>(
      ::GetProcAddress(module, "RmRegisterResources"));
  if (!mRmRegisterResources) {
    return NS_ERROR_UNEXPECTED;
  }
  mRmGetList =
      reinterpret_cast<RMGETLIST>(::GetProcAddress(module, "RmGetList"));
  if (!mRmGetList) {
    return NS_ERROR_UNEXPECTED;
  }
  mRmEndSession =
      reinterpret_cast<RMENDSESSION>(::GetProcAddress(module, "RmEndSession"));
  if (!mRmEndSession) {
    return NS_ERROR_UNEXPECTED;
  }

  mQueryFullProcessImageName =
      reinterpret_cast<QUERYFULLPROCESSIMAGENAME>(::GetProcAddress(
          ::GetModuleHandleW(L"kernel32.dll"), "QueryFullProcessImageNameW"));
  if (!mQueryFullProcessImageName) {
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_AVAILABLE;
  }

  mRestartMgrModule.steal(module);
  return NS_OK;
}

DWORD
ProfileUnlockerWin::StartSession(DWORD& aHandle) {
  WCHAR sessionKey[CCH_RM_SESSION_KEY + 1] = {0};
  return mRmStartSession(&aHandle, 0, sessionKey);
}

void ProfileUnlockerWin::EndSession(DWORD aHandle) { mRmEndSession(aHandle); }

NS_IMETHODIMP
ProfileUnlockerWin::Unlock(uint32_t aSeverity) {
  if (!mRestartMgrModule) {
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED;
  }

  if (aSeverity != FORCE_QUIT) {
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED;
  }

  ScopedRestartManagerSession session(*this);
  if (!session.ok()) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  LPCWSTR resources[] = {mFileName.get()};
  DWORD error = mRmRegisterResources(session.handle(), 1, resources, 0, nullptr,
                                     0, nullptr);
  if (error != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  // Using a AutoTArray here because we expect the required size to be 1.
  AutoTArray<RM_PROCESS_INFO, 1> info;
  UINT numEntries;
  UINT numEntriesNeeded = 1;
  error = ERROR_MORE_DATA;
  DWORD reason = RmRebootReasonNone;
  while (error == ERROR_MORE_DATA) {
    info.SetLength(numEntriesNeeded);
    numEntries = numEntriesNeeded;
    error = mRmGetList(session.handle(), &numEntriesNeeded, &numEntries,
                       &info[0], &reason);
  }
  if (error != ERROR_SUCCESS) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }
  if (numEntries == 0) {
    // Nobody else is locking the file; the other process must have terminated
    return NS_OK;
  }

  nsresult rv = NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  for (UINT i = 0; i < numEntries; ++i) {
    rv = TryToTerminate(info[i].Process);
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      return NS_OK;
    }
  }

  // If nothing could be unlocked then we return the error code of the last
  // failure that was returned.
  return rv;
}

nsresult ProfileUnlockerWin::TryToTerminate(RM_UNIQUE_PROCESS& aProcess) {
  // Subtle: If the target process terminated before this call to OpenProcess,
  // this call will still succeed. This is because the restart manager session
  // internally retains a handle to the target process. The rules for Windows
  // PIDs state that the PID of a terminated process remains valid as long as
  // at least one handle to that process remains open, so when we reach this
  // point the PID is still valid and the process will open successfully.
  DWORD accessRights = PROCESS_QUERY_LIMITED_INFORMATION | PROCESS_TERMINATE;
  nsAutoHandle otherProcess(
      ::OpenProcess(accessRights, FALSE, aProcess.dwProcessId));
  if (!otherProcess) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  FILETIME creationTime, exitTime, kernelTime, userTime;
  if (!::GetProcessTimes(otherProcess, &creationTime, &exitTime, &kernelTime,
                         &userTime)) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }
  if (::CompareFileTime(&aProcess.ProcessStartTime, &creationTime)) {
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_AVAILABLE;
  }

  WCHAR imageName[MAX_PATH];
  DWORD imageNameLen = MAX_PATH;
  if (!mQueryFullProcessImageName(otherProcess, 0, imageName, &imageNameLen)) {
    // The error codes for this function are not very descriptive. There are
    // actually two failure cases here: Either the call failed because the
    // process is no longer running, or it failed for some other reason. We
    // need to know which case that is.
    DWORD otherProcessExitCode;
    if (!::GetExitCodeProcess(otherProcess, &otherProcessExitCode) ||
        otherProcessExitCode == STILL_ACTIVE) {
      // The other process is still running.
      return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
    }
    // The other process must have terminated. We should return NS_OK so that
    // this process may proceed with startup.
    return NS_OK;
  }
  nsCOMPtr<nsIFile> otherProcessImageName;
  if (NS_FAILED(NS_NewLocalFile(nsDependentString(imageName, imageNameLen),
                                false,
                                getter_AddRefs(otherProcessImageName)))) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }
  nsAutoString otherProcessLeafName;
  if (NS_FAILED(otherProcessImageName->GetLeafName(otherProcessLeafName))) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  imageNameLen = MAX_PATH;
  if (!mQueryFullProcessImageName(::GetCurrentProcess(), 0, imageName,
                                  &imageNameLen)) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }
  nsCOMPtr<nsIFile> thisProcessImageName;
  if (NS_FAILED(NS_NewLocalFile(nsDependentString(imageName, imageNameLen),
                                false, getter_AddRefs(thisProcessImageName)))) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }
  nsAutoString thisProcessLeafName;
  if (NS_FAILED(thisProcessImageName->GetLeafName(thisProcessLeafName))) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  // Make sure the image leaf names match
  if (_wcsicmp(otherProcessLeafName.get(), thisProcessLeafName.get())) {
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_AVAILABLE;
  }

  // We know that another process holds the lock and that it shares the same
  // image name as our process. Let's kill it.
  // Subtle: TerminateProcess returning ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED is actually an
  // indicator that the target process managed to shut down on its own. In that
  // case we should return NS_OK since we may proceed with startup.
  if (!::TerminateProcess(otherProcess, 1) &&
      ::GetLastError() != ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

}  // namespace mozilla