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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 20; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*-
* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
* License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
* file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef MOZILLA_LAYERS_EFFECTS_H
#define MOZILLA_LAYERS_EFFECTS_H

#include "mozilla/Assertions.h"         // for MOZ_ASSERT, etc
#include "mozilla/RefPtr.h"             // for RefPtr, already_AddRefed, etc
#include "mozilla/gfx/Matrix.h"         // for Matrix4x4
#include "mozilla/gfx/Point.h"          // for IntSize
#include "mozilla/gfx/Rect.h"           // for Rect
#include "mozilla/gfx/Types.h"          // for SamplingFilter, etc
#include "mozilla/layers/CompositorTypes.h"  // for EffectTypes, etc
#include "mozilla/layers/LayersTypes.h"
#include "mozilla/layers/TextureHost.h"  // for CompositingRenderTarget, etc
#include "mozilla/mozalloc.h"           // for operator delete, etc
#include "nscore.h"                     // for nsACString
#include "mozilla/EnumeratedArray.h"

namespace mozilla {
namespace layers {

/**
 * Effects and effect chains are used by the compositor API (see Compositor.h).
 * An effect chain represents a rendering method, for example some shader and
 * the data required for that shader to run. An effect is some component of the
 * chain and its data.
 *
 * An effect chain consists of a primary effect - how the 'texture' memory should
 * be interpreted (RGBA, BGRX, YCBCR, etc.) - and any number of secondary effects
 * - any way in which rendering can be changed, e.g., applying a mask layer.
 *
 * During the rendering process, an effect chain is created by the layer being
 * rendered and the primary effect is added by the compositable host. Secondary
 * effects may be added by the layer or compositable. The effect chain is passed
 * to the compositor by the compositable host as a parameter to DrawQuad.
 */

struct Effect
{
  NS_INLINE_DECL_REFCOUNTING(Effect)

  explicit Effect(EffectTypes aType) : mType(aType) {}

  EffectTypes mType;

  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix) = 0;

protected:
  virtual ~Effect() {}
};

// Render from a texture
struct TexturedEffect : public Effect
{
  TexturedEffect(EffectTypes aType,
                 TextureSource *aTexture,
                 bool aPremultiplied,
                 gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter)
     : Effect(aType)
     , mTextureCoords(0, 0, 1.0f, 1.0f)
     , mTexture(aTexture)
     , mPremultiplied(aPremultiplied)
     , mSamplingFilter(aSamplingFilter)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() = 0;
  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix);

  gfx::Rect mTextureCoords;
  TextureSource* mTexture;
  bool mPremultiplied;
  gfx::SamplingFilter mSamplingFilter;
  LayerRenderState mState;
};

// Support an alpha mask.
struct EffectMask : public Effect
{
  EffectMask(TextureSource *aMaskTexture,
             gfx::IntSize aSize,
             const gfx::Matrix4x4 &aMaskTransform)
    : Effect(EffectTypes::MASK)
    , mMaskTexture(aMaskTexture)
    , mSize(aSize)
    , mMaskTransform(aMaskTransform)
  {}

  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix);

  TextureSource* mMaskTexture;
  gfx::IntSize mSize;
  gfx::Matrix4x4 mMaskTransform;
};

struct EffectBlendMode : public Effect
{
  explicit EffectBlendMode(gfx::CompositionOp aBlendMode)
    : Effect(EffectTypes::BLEND_MODE)
    , mBlendMode(aBlendMode)
  { }

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectBlendMode"; }
  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix);

  gfx::CompositionOp mBlendMode;
};

// Render to a render target rather than the screen.
struct EffectRenderTarget : public TexturedEffect
{
  explicit EffectRenderTarget(CompositingRenderTarget *aRenderTarget)
    : TexturedEffect(EffectTypes::RENDER_TARGET, aRenderTarget, true,
                     gfx::SamplingFilter::LINEAR)
    , mRenderTarget(aRenderTarget)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectRenderTarget"; }
  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix);

  RefPtr<CompositingRenderTarget> mRenderTarget;

protected:
  EffectRenderTarget(EffectTypes aType, CompositingRenderTarget *aRenderTarget)
    : TexturedEffect(aType, aRenderTarget, true, gfx::SamplingFilter::LINEAR)
    , mRenderTarget(aRenderTarget)
  {}

};

// Render to a render target rather than the screen.
struct EffectColorMatrix : public Effect
{
  explicit EffectColorMatrix(gfx::Matrix5x4 aMatrix)
    : Effect(EffectTypes::COLOR_MATRIX)
    , mColorMatrix(aMatrix)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectColorMatrix"; }
  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix);
  const gfx::Matrix5x4 mColorMatrix;
};


struct EffectRGB : public TexturedEffect
{
  EffectRGB(TextureSource *aTexture,
            bool aPremultiplied,
            gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter,
            bool aFlipped = false)
    : TexturedEffect(EffectTypes::RGB, aTexture, aPremultiplied, aSamplingFilter)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectRGB"; }
};

struct EffectYCbCr : public TexturedEffect
{
  EffectYCbCr(TextureSource *aSource, YUVColorSpace aYUVColorSpace, gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter)
    : TexturedEffect(EffectTypes::YCBCR, aSource, false, aSamplingFilter)
    , mYUVColorSpace(aYUVColorSpace)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectYCbCr"; }

  YUVColorSpace mYUVColorSpace;
};

struct EffectNV12 : public TexturedEffect
{
  EffectNV12(TextureSource *aSource, gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter)
    : TexturedEffect(EffectTypes::NV12, aSource, false, aSamplingFilter)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectNV12"; }
};

struct EffectComponentAlpha : public TexturedEffect
{
  EffectComponentAlpha(TextureSource *aOnBlack,
                       TextureSource *aOnWhite,
                       gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter)
    : TexturedEffect(EffectTypes::COMPONENT_ALPHA, nullptr, false, aSamplingFilter)
    , mOnBlack(aOnBlack)
    , mOnWhite(aOnWhite)
  {}

  virtual const char* Name() { return "EffectComponentAlpha"; }

  TextureSource* mOnBlack;
  TextureSource* mOnWhite;
};

struct EffectSolidColor : public Effect
{
  explicit EffectSolidColor(const gfx::Color &aColor)
    : Effect(EffectTypes::SOLID_COLOR)
    , mColor(aColor)
  {}

  virtual void PrintInfo(std::stringstream& aStream, const char* aPrefix);

  gfx::Color mColor;
};

struct EffectChain
{
  EffectChain() : mLayerRef(nullptr) {}
  explicit EffectChain(void* aLayerRef) : mLayerRef(aLayerRef) {}

  RefPtr<Effect> mPrimaryEffect;
  EnumeratedArray<EffectTypes, EffectTypes::MAX_SECONDARY, RefPtr<Effect>>
    mSecondaryEffects;
  void* mLayerRef; //!< For LayerScope logging
};

/**
 * Create a Textured effect corresponding to aFormat and using
 * aSource as the (first) texture source.
 *
 * Note that aFormat can be different form aSource->GetFormat if, we are
 * creating an effect that takes several texture sources (like with YCBCR
 * where aFormat would be FOMRAT_YCBCR and each texture source would be
 * a one-channel A8 texture)
 */
inline already_AddRefed<TexturedEffect>
CreateTexturedEffect(gfx::SurfaceFormat aFormat,
                     TextureSource* aSource,
                     const gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter,
                     bool isAlphaPremultiplied,
                     const LayerRenderState &state = LayerRenderState())
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(aSource);
  RefPtr<TexturedEffect> result;
  switch (aFormat) {
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::B8G8R8A8:
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::B8G8R8X8:
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::R8G8B8X8:
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::R5G6B5_UINT16:
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::R8G8B8A8:
    result = new EffectRGB(aSource, isAlphaPremultiplied, aSamplingFilter);
    break;
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::NV12:
    result = new EffectNV12(aSource, aSamplingFilter);
    break;
  case gfx::SurfaceFormat::YUV:
    MOZ_ASSERT_UNREACHABLE("gfx::SurfaceFormat::YUV is invalid");
    break;
  default:
    NS_WARNING("unhandled program type");
    break;
  }

  result->mState = state;

  return result.forget();
}

inline already_AddRefed<TexturedEffect>
CreateTexturedEffect(TextureHost* aHost,
                     TextureSource* aSource,
                     const gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter,
                     bool isAlphaPremultiplied,
                     const LayerRenderState &state = LayerRenderState())
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(aHost);
  MOZ_ASSERT(aSource);

  RefPtr<TexturedEffect> result;
  if (aHost->GetReadFormat() == gfx::SurfaceFormat::YUV) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(aHost->GetYUVColorSpace() != YUVColorSpace::UNKNOWN);
    result = new EffectYCbCr(aSource, aHost->GetYUVColorSpace(), aSamplingFilter);
  } else {
    result = CreateTexturedEffect(aHost->GetReadFormat(),
                                  aSource,
                                  aSamplingFilter,
                                  isAlphaPremultiplied,
                                  state);
  }
  return result.forget();
}

/**
 * Create a textured effect based on aSource format and the presence of
 * aSourceOnWhite.
 *
 * aSourceOnWhite can be null.
 */
inline already_AddRefed<TexturedEffect>
CreateTexturedEffect(TextureSource* aSource,
                     TextureSource* aSourceOnWhite,
                     const gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter,
                     bool isAlphaPremultiplied,
                     const LayerRenderState &state = LayerRenderState())
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(aSource);
  if (aSourceOnWhite) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(aSource->GetFormat() == gfx::SurfaceFormat::R8G8B8X8 ||
               aSource->GetFormat() == gfx::SurfaceFormat::B8G8R8X8);
    MOZ_ASSERT(aSource->GetFormat() == aSourceOnWhite->GetFormat());
    return MakeAndAddRef<EffectComponentAlpha>(aSource, aSourceOnWhite,
                                               aSamplingFilter);
  }

  return CreateTexturedEffect(aSource->GetFormat(),
                              aSource,
                              aSamplingFilter,
                              isAlphaPremultiplied,
                              state);
}

/**
 * Create a textured effect based on aSource format.
 *
 * This version excudes the possibility of component alpha.
 */
inline already_AddRefed<TexturedEffect>
CreateTexturedEffect(TextureSource *aTexture,
                     const gfx::SamplingFilter aSamplingFilter,
                     const LayerRenderState &state = LayerRenderState())
{
  return CreateTexturedEffect(aTexture, nullptr, aSamplingFilter, true, state);
}


} // namespace layers
} // namespace mozilla

#endif