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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef mozilla_dom_DOMString_h
#define mozilla_dom_DOMString_h

#include "nsStringGlue.h"
#include "nsStringBuffer.h"
#include "mozilla/Assertions.h"
#include "mozilla/Attributes.h"
#include "mozilla/Maybe.h"
#include "nsDOMString.h"
#include "nsIAtom.h"

namespace mozilla {
namespace dom {

/**
 * A class for representing string return values.  This can be either passed to
 * callees that have an nsString or nsAString out param or passed to a callee
 * that actually knows about this class and can work with it.  Such a callee may
 * call SetStringBuffer or SetOwnedString or SetOwnedAtom on this object, but
 * only if it plans to keep holding a strong ref to the internal stringbuffer!
 *
 * The proper way to store a value in this class is to either to do nothing
 * (which leaves this as an empty string), to call SetStringBuffer with a
 * non-null stringbuffer, to call SetOwnedString, to call SetOwnedAtom, to call
 * SetNull(), or to call AsAString() and set the value in the resulting
 * nsString.  These options are mutually exclusive! Don't do more than one of
 * them.
 *
 * The proper way to extract a value is to check IsNull().  If not null, then
 * check HasStringBuffer().  If that's true, check for a zero length, and if the
 * length is nonzero call StringBuffer().  If the length is zero this is the
 * empty string.  If HasStringBuffer() returns false, call AsAString() and get
 * the value from that.
 */
class MOZ_STACK_CLASS DOMString {
public:
  DOMString()
    : mStringBuffer(nullptr)
    , mLength(0)
    , mIsNull(false)
  {}
  ~DOMString()
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(mString.empty() || !mStringBuffer,
               "Shouldn't have both present!");
  }

  operator nsString&()
  {
    return AsAString();
  }

  nsString& AsAString()
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStringBuffer, "We already have a stringbuffer?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mIsNull, "We're already set as null");
    if (mString.empty()) {
      mString.construct();
    }
    return mString.ref();
  }

  bool HasStringBuffer() const
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(mString.empty() || !mStringBuffer,
               "Shouldn't have both present!");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mIsNull, "Caller should have checked IsNull() first");
    return mString.empty();
  }

  // Get the stringbuffer.  This can only be called if HasStringBuffer()
  // returned true and StringBufferLength() is nonzero.  If that's true, it will
  // never return null.
  nsStringBuffer* StringBuffer() const
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mIsNull, "Caller should have checked IsNull() first");
    MOZ_ASSERT(HasStringBuffer(),
               "Don't ask for the stringbuffer if we don't have it");
    MOZ_ASSERT(StringBufferLength() != 0, "Why are you asking for this?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(mStringBuffer,
               "If our length is nonzero, we better have a stringbuffer.");
    return mStringBuffer;
  }

  // Get the length of the stringbuffer.  Can only be called if
  // HasStringBuffer().
  uint32_t StringBufferLength() const
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(HasStringBuffer(), "Don't call this if there is no stringbuffer");
    return mLength;
  }

  void SetStringBuffer(nsStringBuffer* aStringBuffer, uint32_t aLength)
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(mString.empty(), "We already have a string?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mIsNull, "We're already set as null");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStringBuffer, "Setting stringbuffer twice?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(aStringBuffer, "Why are we getting null?");
    mStringBuffer = aStringBuffer;
    mLength = aLength;
  }

  void SetOwnedString(const nsAString& aString)
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(mString.empty(), "We already have a string?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mIsNull, "We're already set as null");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStringBuffer, "Setting stringbuffer twice?");
    nsStringBuffer* buf = nsStringBuffer::FromString(aString);
    if (buf) {
      SetStringBuffer(buf, aString.Length());
    } else if (aString.IsVoid()) {
      SetNull();
    } else if (!aString.IsEmpty()) {
      AsAString() = aString;
    }
  }

  enum NullHandling
  {
    eTreatNullAsNull,
    eTreatNullAsEmpty,
    eNullNotExpected
  };

  void SetOwnedAtom(nsIAtom* aAtom, NullHandling aNullHandling)
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(mString.empty(), "We already have a string?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mIsNull, "We're already set as null");
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStringBuffer, "Setting stringbuffer twice?");
    MOZ_ASSERT(aAtom || aNullHandling != eNullNotExpected);
    if (aNullHandling == eNullNotExpected || aAtom) {
      SetStringBuffer(aAtom->GetStringBuffer(), aAtom->GetLength());
    } else if (aNullHandling == eTreatNullAsNull) {
      SetNull();
    }
  }

  void SetNull()
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStringBuffer, "Should have no stringbuffer if null");
    MOZ_ASSERT(mString.empty(), "Should have no string if null");
    mIsNull = true;
  }

  bool IsNull() const
  {
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStringBuffer || mString.empty(),
               "How could we have a stringbuffer and a nonempty string?");
    return mIsNull || (!mString.empty() && mString.ref().IsVoid());
  }

  void ToString(nsAString& aString)
  {
    if (IsNull()) {
      SetDOMStringToNull(aString);
    } else if (HasStringBuffer()) {
      if (StringBufferLength() == 0) {
        aString.Truncate();
      } else {
        StringBuffer()->ToString(StringBufferLength(), aString);
      }
    } else {
      aString = AsAString();
    }
  }

private:
  // We need to be able to act like a string as needed
  Maybe<nsAutoString> mString;

  // For callees that know we exist, we can be a stringbuffer/length/null-flag
  // triple.
  nsStringBuffer* mStringBuffer;
  uint32_t mLength;
  bool mIsNull;
};

} // namespace dom
} // namespace mozilla

#endif // mozilla_dom_DOMString_h