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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef nsWrapperCache_h___
#define nsWrapperCache_h___

#include "nsCycleCollectionParticipant.h"

struct JSObject;
struct JSContext;
class XPCWrappedNativeScope;

typedef PRUptrdiff PtrBits;

namespace mozilla {
namespace dom {
namespace workers {

class DOMBindingBase;

} // namespace workers
} // namespace dom
} // namespace mozilla

#define NS_WRAPPERCACHE_IID \
{ 0x6f3179a1, 0x36f7, 0x4a5c, \
  { 0x8c, 0xf1, 0xad, 0xc8, 0x7c, 0xde, 0x3e, 0x87 } }

/**
 * Class to store the wrapper for an object. This can only be used with objects
 * that only have one non-security wrapper at a time (for an XPCWrappedNative
 * this is usually ensured by setting an explicit parent in the PreCreate hook
 * for the class).
 *
 * An instance of nsWrapperCache can be gotten from an object that implements
 * a wrapper cache by calling QueryInterface on it. Note that this breaks XPCOM
 * rules a bit (this object doesn't derive from nsISupports).
 *
 * The cache can store objects other than wrappers. We allow wrappers to use a
 * separate JSObject to store their state (mostly expandos). If the wrapper is
 * collected and we want to preserve this state we actually store the state
 * object in the cache.
 *
 * The cache can store 2 types of objects:
 *
 *  If WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING is not set (IsDOMBinding() returns false):
 *    - a slim wrapper or the JSObject of an XPCWrappedNative wrapper
 *
 *  If WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING is set (IsDOMBinding() returns true):
 *    - a DOM binding object (regular JS object or proxy)
 *
 * The finalizer for the wrapper clears the cache.
 *
 * A number of the methods are implemented in nsWrapperCacheInlines.h because we
 * have to include some JS headers that don't play nicely with the rest of the
 * codebase. Include nsWrapperCacheInlines.h if you need to call those methods.
 */
class nsWrapperCache
{
  friend class mozilla::dom::workers::DOMBindingBase;

public:
  NS_DECLARE_STATIC_IID_ACCESSOR(NS_WRAPPERCACHE_IID)

  nsWrapperCache() : mWrapperPtrBits(0)
  {
  }
  ~nsWrapperCache()
  {
    NS_ASSERTION(!PreservingWrapper(),
                 "Destroying cache with a preserved wrapper!");
  }

  /**
   * Get the cached wrapper.
   *
   * This getter clears the gray bit before handing out the JSObject which means
   * that the object is guaranteed to be kept alive past the next CC.
   */
  JSObject* GetWrapper() const;

  /**
   * Get the cached wrapper.
   *
   * This getter does not change the color of the JSObject meaning that the
   * object returned is not guaranteed to be kept alive past the next CC.
   *
   * This should only be called if you are certain that the return value won't
   * be passed into a JS API function and that it won't be stored without being
   * rooted (or otherwise signaling the stored value to the CC).
   */
  JSObject* GetWrapperPreserveColor() const
  {
    return GetJSObjectFromBits();
  }

  void SetWrapper(JSObject* aWrapper)
  {
    NS_ASSERTION(!PreservingWrapper(), "Clearing a preserved wrapper!");
    NS_ASSERTION(aWrapper, "Use ClearWrapper!");

    SetWrapperBits(aWrapper);
  }

  /**
   * Clear the wrapper. This should be called from the finalizer for the
   * wrapper.
   */
  void ClearWrapper()
  {
    NS_ASSERTION(!PreservingWrapper(), "Clearing a preserved wrapper!");

    SetWrapperBits(NULL);
  }

  bool PreservingWrapper()
  {
    return (mWrapperPtrBits & WRAPPER_BIT_PRESERVED) != 0;
  }

  void SetIsDOMBinding()
  {
    NS_ASSERTION(!mWrapperPtrBits,
                 "This flag should be set before creating any wrappers.");
    mWrapperPtrBits = WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING;
  }
  void ClearIsDOMBinding()
  {
    NS_ASSERTION(!mWrapperPtrBits || mWrapperPtrBits == WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING,
                 "This flag should be cleared before creating any wrappers.");
    mWrapperPtrBits = 0;
  }

  bool IsDOMBinding() const
  {
    return (mWrapperPtrBits & WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING) != 0;
  }


  /**
   * Wrap the object corresponding to this wrapper cache. If non-null is
   * returned, the object has already been stored in the wrapper cache and the
   * value set in triedToWrap is meaningless. If null is returned then
   * triedToWrap indicates whether an error occurred, if it's false then the
   * object doesn't actually support creating a wrapper through its WrapObject
   * hook.
   */
  virtual JSObject* WrapObject(JSContext *cx, JSObject *scope,
                               bool *triedToWrap)
  {
    *triedToWrap = false;
    return nullptr;
  }

  /**
   * Returns true if the object has a non-gray wrapper.
   */
  bool IsBlack();

  // Only meant to be called by code that preserves a wrapper.
  void SetPreservingWrapper(bool aPreserve)
  {
    if(aPreserve) {
      mWrapperPtrBits |= WRAPPER_BIT_PRESERVED;
    }
    else {
      mWrapperPtrBits &= ~WRAPPER_BIT_PRESERVED;
    }
  }

private:
  JSObject *GetJSObjectFromBits() const
  {
    return reinterpret_cast<JSObject*>(mWrapperPtrBits & ~kWrapperBitMask);
  }
  void SetWrapperBits(void *aWrapper)
  {
    mWrapperPtrBits = reinterpret_cast<PtrBits>(aWrapper) |
                      (mWrapperPtrBits & WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING);
  }

  /**
   * If this bit is set then we're preserving the wrapper, which in effect ties
   * the lifetime of the JS object stored in the cache to the lifetime of the
   * native object. We rely on the cycle collector to break the cycle that this
   * causes between the native object and the JS object, so it is important that
   * any native object that supports preserving of its wrapper
   * traces/traverses/unlinks the cached JS object (see
   * NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_PRESERVED_WRAPPER,
   * NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_SCRIPT_OBJECTS and
   * NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_PRESERVED_WRAPPER).
   */
  enum { WRAPPER_BIT_PRESERVED = 1 << 0 };

  /**
   * If this bit is set then the wrapper for the native object is a DOM binding
   * (regular JS object or proxy).
   */
  enum { WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING = 1 << 1 };

  enum { kWrapperBitMask = (WRAPPER_BIT_PRESERVED | WRAPPER_IS_DOM_BINDING) };

  PtrBits mWrapperPtrBits;
};

NS_DEFINE_STATIC_IID_ACCESSOR(nsWrapperCache, NS_WRAPPERCACHE_IID)

#define NS_WRAPPERCACHE_INTERFACE_MAP_ENTRY                                   \
  if ( aIID.Equals(NS_GET_IID(nsWrapperCache)) ) {                            \
    *aInstancePtr = static_cast<nsWrapperCache*>(this);                       \
    return NS_OK;                                                             \
  }


// Cycle collector macros for wrapper caches.

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_PRESERVED_WRAPPER \
  nsContentUtils::TraceWrapper(tmp, aCallback, aClosure);

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_PRESERVED_WRAPPER \
  nsContentUtils::ReleaseWrapper(s, tmp);

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_WRAPPERCACHE(_class) \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_BEGIN(_class)              \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_PRESERVED_WRAPPER        \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_END

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_WRAPPERCACHE_0(_class) \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_CLASS(_class)                \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_BEGIN(_class)         \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_PRESERVED_WRAPPER   \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_END                   \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_BEGIN(_class)       \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_SCRIPT_OBJECTS    \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_END                 \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_WRAPPERCACHE(_class)

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_WRAPPERCACHE_1(_class, _field) \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_CLASS(_class)                        \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_BEGIN(_class)                 \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_NSCOMPTR(_field)            \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_PRESERVED_WRAPPER           \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_END                           \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_BEGIN(_class)               \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_NSCOMPTR(_field)          \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_SCRIPT_OBJECTS            \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_END                         \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_WRAPPERCACHE(_class)

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_WRAPPERCACHE_2(_class, _field1,\
                                                _field2)        \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_CLASS(_class)                        \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_BEGIN(_class)                 \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_NSCOMPTR(_field1)           \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_NSCOMPTR(_field2)           \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_PRESERVED_WRAPPER           \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_END                           \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_BEGIN(_class)               \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_NSCOMPTR(_field1)         \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_NSCOMPTR(_field2)         \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_SCRIPT_OBJECTS            \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_END                         \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_WRAPPERCACHE(_class)

#define NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_WRAPPERCACHE_3(_class, _field1,\
                                                _field2,        \
                                                _field3)        \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_CLASS(_class)                        \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_BEGIN(_class)                 \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_NSCOMPTR(_field1)           \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_NSCOMPTR(_field2)           \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_NSCOMPTR(_field3)           \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_PRESERVED_WRAPPER           \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_UNLINK_END                           \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_BEGIN(_class)               \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_NSCOMPTR(_field1)         \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_NSCOMPTR(_field2)         \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_NSCOMPTR(_field3)         \
    NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_SCRIPT_OBJECTS            \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRAVERSE_END                         \
  NS_IMPL_CYCLE_COLLECTION_TRACE_WRAPPERCACHE(_class)

#endif /* nsWrapperCache_h___ */