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Implementation

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MatchKind

PrefValueKind

Preferences

SaveMethod

pref_initPhase

Macros

Line Code
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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef mozilla_Preferences_h
#define mozilla_Preferences_h

#ifndef MOZILLA_INTERNAL_API
#error "This header is only usable from within libxul (MOZILLA_INTERNAL_API)."
#endif

#include "mozilla/Atomics.h"
#include "mozilla/MemoryReporting.h"
#include "mozilla/Result.h"
#include "mozilla/StaticPtr.h"
#include "nsCOMPtr.h"
#include "nsIObserver.h"
#include "nsIPrefBranch.h"
#include "nsIPrefService.h"
#include "nsPrintfCString.h"
#include "nsString.h"
#include "nsTArray.h"
#include "nsWeakReference.h"

class nsIFile;

// The callback function will get passed the pref name which triggered the call
// and the void* data which was passed to the registered callback function.
typedef void (*PrefChangedFunc)(const char* aPref, void* aData);

#ifdef DEBUG
enum pref_initPhase
{
  START,
  BEGIN_INIT_PREFS,
  END_INIT_PREFS,
  BEGIN_ALL_PREFS,
  END_ALL_PREFS
};
#define SET_PREF_PHASE(p) Preferences::SetInitPhase(p)
#else
#define SET_PREF_PHASE(p)                                                      \
  do {                                                                         \
  } while (0)
#endif

class nsPrefBranch;

namespace mozilla {

namespace dom {
class PrefSetting;
class PrefValue;
} // namespace dom

struct PrefsSizes;

enum class PrefValueKind : bool
{
  Default,
  User
};

class Preferences final
  : public nsIPrefService
  , public nsIObserver
  , public nsIPrefBranch
  , public nsSupportsWeakReference
{
  friend class ::nsPrefBranch;

public:
  typedef mozilla::dom::PrefSetting PrefSetting;

  NS_DECL_THREADSAFE_ISUPPORTS
  NS_DECL_NSIPREFSERVICE
  NS_FORWARD_NSIPREFBRANCH(mRootBranch->)
  NS_DECL_NSIOBSERVER

  Preferences();

  // Returns true if the Preferences service is available, false otherwise.
  static bool IsServiceAvailable();

  // Initialize user prefs from prefs.js/user.js
  static void InitializeUserPrefs();

  // Returns the singleton instance which is addreffed.
  static already_AddRefed<Preferences> GetInstanceForService();

  // Finallizes global members.
  static void Shutdown();

  // Returns shared pref service instance NOTE: not addreffed.
  static nsIPrefService* GetService()
  {
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(InitStaticMembers(), nullptr);
    return sPreferences;
  }

  // Returns shared pref branch instance. NOTE: not addreffed.
  static nsIPrefBranch* GetRootBranch(PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(InitStaticMembers(), nullptr);
    return (aKind == PrefValueKind::Default) ? sPreferences->mDefaultRootBranch
                                             : sPreferences->mRootBranch;
  }

  // Gets the type of the pref.
  static int32_t GetType(const char* aPrefName,
                         PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  // Fallible value getters.
  static nsresult GetBool(const char* aPrefName,
                          bool* aResult,
                          PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetInt(const char* aPrefName,
                         int32_t* aResult,
                         PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetUint(const char* aPrefName,
                          uint32_t* aResult,
                          PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    return GetInt(aPrefName, reinterpret_cast<int32_t*>(aResult), aKind);
  }
  static nsresult GetFloat(const char* aPrefName,
                           float* aResult,
                           PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetCString(const char* aPrefName,
                             nsACString& aResult,
                             PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetString(const char* aPrefName,
                            nsAString& aResult,
                            PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetLocalizedCString(
    const char* aPrefName,
    nsACString& aResult,
    PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetLocalizedString(const char* aPrefName,
                                     nsAString& aResult,
                                     PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult GetComplex(const char* aPrefName,
                             const nsIID& aType,
                             void** aResult,
                             PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  // Infallible getters of user or default values, with fallback results on
  // failure.
  // Infallible value getters.
  static bool GetBool(const char* aPrefName,
                      bool aFallback = false,
                      PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    bool result = aFallback;
    GetBool(aPrefName, &result);
    return result;
  }
  static int32_t GetInt(const char* aPrefName,
                        int32_t aFallback = 0,
                        PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    int32_t result = aFallback;
    GetInt(aPrefName, &result);
    return result;
  }
  static uint32_t GetUint(const char* aPrefName,
                          uint32_t aFallback = 0,
                          PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    uint32_t result = aFallback;
    GetUint(aPrefName, &result);
    return result;
  }
  static float GetFloat(const char* aPrefName,
                        float aFallback = 0.0f,
                        PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    float result = aFallback;
    GetFloat(aPrefName, &result);
    return result;
  }

  // Value setters. These fail if run outside the parent process.

  static nsresult SetBool(const char* aPrefName,
                          bool aValue,
                          PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult SetInt(const char* aPrefName,
                         int32_t aValue,
                         PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);
  static nsresult SetCString(const char* aPrefName,
                             const nsACString& aValue,
                             PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  static nsresult SetUint(const char* aPrefName,
                          uint32_t aValue,
                          PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    return SetInt(aPrefName, static_cast<int32_t>(aValue), aKind);
  }

  static nsresult SetFloat(const char* aPrefName,
                           float aValue,
                           PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    return SetCString(aPrefName, nsPrintfCString("%f", aValue), aKind);
  }

  static nsresult SetCString(const char* aPrefName,
                             const char* aValue,
                             PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    return Preferences::SetCString(
      aPrefName, nsDependentCString(aValue), aKind);
  }

  static nsresult SetString(const char* aPrefName,
                            const char16ptr_t aValue,
                            PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    return Preferences::SetCString(
      aPrefName, NS_ConvertUTF16toUTF8(aValue), aKind);
  }

  static nsresult SetString(const char* aPrefName,
                            const nsAString& aValue,
                            PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User)
  {
    return Preferences::SetCString(
      aPrefName, NS_ConvertUTF16toUTF8(aValue), aKind);
  }

  static nsresult SetComplex(const char* aPrefName,
                             const nsIID& aType,
                             nsISupports* aValue,
                             PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  static nsresult Lock(const char* aPrefName);
  static nsresult Unlock(const char* aPrefName);
  static bool IsLocked(const char* aPrefName);

  // Clears user set pref. Fails if run outside the parent process.
  static nsresult ClearUser(const char* aPrefName);

  // Whether the pref has a user value or not.
  static bool HasUserValue(const char* aPref);

  // Adds/Removes the observer for the root pref branch. See nsIPrefBranch.idl
  // for details.
  static nsresult AddStrongObserver(nsIObserver* aObserver, const char* aPref);
  static nsresult AddWeakObserver(nsIObserver* aObserver, const char* aPref);
  static nsresult RemoveObserver(nsIObserver* aObserver, const char* aPref);

  // Adds/Removes two or more observers for the root pref branch. Pass to
  // aPrefs an array of const char* whose last item is nullptr.
  static nsresult AddStrongObservers(nsIObserver* aObserver,
                                     const char** aPrefs);
  static nsresult AddWeakObservers(nsIObserver* aObserver, const char** aPrefs);
  static nsresult RemoveObservers(nsIObserver* aObserver, const char** aPrefs);

  // Registers/Unregisters the callback function for the aPref.
  static nsresult RegisterCallback(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                   const char* aPref,
                                   void* aClosure = nullptr)
  {
    return RegisterCallback(aCallback, aPref, aClosure, ExactMatch);
  }

  static nsresult UnregisterCallback(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                     const char* aPref,
                                     void* aClosure = nullptr)
  {
    return UnregisterCallback(aCallback, aPref, aClosure, ExactMatch);
  }

  // Like RegisterCallback, but also calls the callback immediately for
  // initialization.
  static nsresult RegisterCallbackAndCall(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                          const char* aPref,
                                          void* aClosure = nullptr)
  {
    return RegisterCallbackAndCall(aCallback, aPref, aClosure, ExactMatch);
  }

  // Like RegisterCallback, but registers a callback for a prefix of multiple
  // pref names, not a single pref name.
  static nsresult RegisterPrefixCallback(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                         const char* aPref,
                                         void* aClosure = nullptr)
  {
    return RegisterCallback(aCallback, aPref, aClosure, PrefixMatch);
  }

  // Like RegisterPrefixCallback, but also calls the callback immediately for
  // initialization.
  static nsresult RegisterPrefixCallbackAndCall(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                                const char* aPref,
                                                void* aClosure = nullptr)
  {
    return RegisterCallbackAndCall(aCallback, aPref, aClosure, PrefixMatch);
  }

  // Unregister a callback registered with RegisterPrefixCallback or
  // RegisterPrefixCallbackAndCall.
  static nsresult UnregisterPrefixCallback(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                           const char* aPref,
                                           void* aClosure = nullptr)
  {
    return UnregisterCallback(aCallback, aPref, aClosure, PrefixMatch);
  }

  // Adds the aVariable to cache table. |aVariable| must be a pointer for a
  // static variable. The value will be modified when the pref value is changed
  // but note that even if you modified it, the value isn't assigned to the
  // pref.
  static nsresult AddBoolVarCache(bool* aVariable,
                                  const char* aPref,
                                  bool aDefault = false);
  template<MemoryOrdering Order>
  static nsresult AddAtomicBoolVarCache(Atomic<bool, Order>* aVariable,
                                        const char* aPref,
                                        bool aDefault = false);
  static nsresult AddIntVarCache(int32_t* aVariable,
                                 const char* aPref,
                                 int32_t aDefault = 0);
  template<MemoryOrdering Order>
  static nsresult AddAtomicIntVarCache(Atomic<int32_t, Order>* aVariable,
                                       const char* aPref,
                                       int32_t aDefault = 0);
  static nsresult AddUintVarCache(uint32_t* aVariable,
                                  const char* aPref,
                                  uint32_t aDefault = 0);
  template<MemoryOrdering Order>
  static nsresult AddAtomicUintVarCache(Atomic<uint32_t, Order>* aVariable,
                                        const char* aPref,
                                        uint32_t aDefault = 0);
  static nsresult AddFloatVarCache(float* aVariable,
                                   const char* aPref,
                                   float aDefault = 0.0f);

  // When a content process is created these methods are used to pass prefs in
  // bulk from the parent process.
  static void GetPreferences(InfallibleTArray<PrefSetting>* aSettings);
  static void SetInitPreferences(nsTArray<PrefSetting>* aSettings);

  // When a pref is changed in the parent process, these methods are used to
  // pass the update to content processes.
  static void GetPreference(PrefSetting* aPref);
  static void SetPreference(const PrefSetting& aPref);

#ifdef DEBUG
  static void SetInitPhase(pref_initPhase phase);
  static pref_initPhase InitPhase();
#endif

  static void AddSizeOfIncludingThis(mozilla::MallocSizeOf aMallocSizeOf,
                                     PrefsSizes& aSizes);

  static void HandleDirty();

  // Explicitly choosing synchronous or asynchronous (if allowed) preferences
  // file write. Only for the default file.  The guarantee for the "blocking"
  // is that when it returns, the file on disk reflect the current state of
  // preferences.
  nsresult SavePrefFileBlocking();
  nsresult SavePrefFileAsynchronous();

private:
  virtual ~Preferences();

  nsresult NotifyServiceObservers(const char* aSubject);

  // Loads the prefs.js file from the profile, or creates a new one. Returns
  // the prefs file if successful, or nullptr on failure.
  already_AddRefed<nsIFile> ReadSavedPrefs();

  // Loads the user.js file from the profile if present.
  void ReadUserOverridePrefs();

  nsresult MakeBackupPrefFile(nsIFile* aFile);

  // Default pref file save can be blocking or not.
  enum class SaveMethod
  {
    Blocking,
    Asynchronous
  };

  // Off main thread is only respected for the default aFile value (nullptr).
  nsresult SavePrefFileInternal(nsIFile* aFile, SaveMethod aSaveMethod);
  nsresult WritePrefFile(nsIFile* aFile, SaveMethod aSaveMethod);

  // If this is false, only blocking writes, on main thread are allowed.
  bool AllowOffMainThreadSave();

  // Helpers for implementing
  // Register(Prefix)Callback/Unregister(Prefix)Callback.
public:
  // Public so the ValueObserver classes can use it.
  enum MatchKind
  {
    PrefixMatch,
    ExactMatch,
  };

private:
  static mozilla::Result<mozilla::Ok, const char*> InitInitialObjects();

  static nsresult SetValueFromDom(const char* aPrefName,
                                  const dom::PrefValue& aValue,
                                  PrefValueKind aKind);

  // Functions above that modify prefs will fail if they are not run in the
  // parent process. The "InAnyProcess" functions below will succeed outside
  // the content process, and are used when passing pref values from the parent
  // process to content processes.

  static nsresult SetBoolInAnyProcess(
    const char* aPrefName,
    bool aValue,
    PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  static nsresult SetIntInAnyProcess(const char* aPrefName,
                                     int32_t aValue,
                                     PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  static nsresult SetCStringInAnyProcess(
    const char* aPrefName,
    const nsACString& aValue,
    PrefValueKind aKind = PrefValueKind::User);

  static nsresult ClearUserInAnyProcess(const char* aPrefName);

  static nsresult LockInAnyProcess(const char* aPrefName);

  static nsresult RegisterCallback(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                   const char* aPref,
                                   void* aClosure,
                                   MatchKind aMatchKind,
                                   bool aIsPriority = false);
  static nsresult UnregisterCallback(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                     const char* aPref,
                                     void* aClosure,
                                     MatchKind aMatchKind);
  static nsresult RegisterCallbackAndCall(PrefChangedFunc aCallback,
                                          const char* aPref,
                                          void* aClosure,
                                          MatchKind aMatchKind);

private:
  nsCOMPtr<nsIFile> mCurrentFile;
  bool mDirty = false;
  bool mProfileShutdown = false;
  // We wait a bit after prefs are dirty before writing them. In this period,
  // mDirty and mSavePending will both be true.
  bool mSavePending = false;

  nsCOMPtr<nsIPrefBranch> mRootBranch;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIPrefBranch> mDefaultRootBranch;

  static StaticRefPtr<Preferences> sPreferences;
  static bool sShutdown;

  // Init static members. Returns true on success.
  static bool InitStaticMembers();
};

} // namespace mozilla

#endif // mozilla_Preferences_h