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AddLvalueReference

AddLvalueReferenceHelper

AddLvalueReferenceHelper

AddPointer

AddRvalueReference

AddRvalueReferenceHelper

AddRvalueReferenceHelper

BaseOfTester

Conditional

Conditional

ConvertibleTester

CorrespondingSigned

CorrespondingSigned

CorrespondingSigned

CorrespondingSigned

CorrespondingSigned

CorrespondingSigned

CorrespondingUnsigned

CorrespondingUnsigned

CorrespondingUnsigned

CorrespondingUnsigned

CorrespondingUnsigned

CorrespondingUnsigned

Decay

DecaySelector

DecaySelector

DecaySelector

DoIsDefaultConstructibleImpl

DoIsDestructibleImpl

EnableIf

EnableIf

IntegralConstant

IsArithmetic

IsArray

IsArrayHelper

IsArrayHelper

IsArrayHelper

IsBaseOf

IsClass

IsClassHelper

IsConst

IsConst

IsConvertible

IsConvertible

IsConvertible

IsConvertible

IsDefaultConstructible

IsDefaultConstructibleImpl

IsDestructible

IsDestructibleImpl

IsEmpty

IsEmptyHelper

IsEnum

IsEnumHelper

IsFloatingPoint

IsFloatingPointHelper

IsFunPtr

IsFunPtr

IsFunction

IsIntegral

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsIntegralHelper

IsLvalueReference

IsLvalueReference

IsMemberPointer

IsMemberPointerHelper

IsMemberPointerHelper

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPod

IsPointer

IsPointerHelper

IsPointerHelper

IsReference

IsRvalueReference

IsRvalueReference

IsSame

IsSame

IsScalar

IsSigned

IsSignedHelper

IsSignedHelper

IsSignedHelper

IsUnsigned

IsUnsignedHelper

IsUnsignedHelper

IsUnsignedHelper

IsVoid

IsVoidHelper

IsVoidHelper

IsVolatile

IsVolatile

MakeSigned

MakeSigned

MakeSigned

MakeUnsigned

MakeUnsigned

MakeUnsigned

RemoveCV

RemoveConst

RemoveConst

RemoveExtent

RemoveExtent

RemoveExtent

RemovePointer

RemovePointerHelper

RemovePointerHelper

RemoveReference

RemoveReference

RemoveReference

RemoveVolatile

RemoveVolatile

Voidness

WithC

WithCV

WithV

Macros

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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

/* Template-based metaprogramming and type-testing facilities. */

#ifndef mozilla_TypeTraits_h
#define mozilla_TypeTraits_h

#include "mozilla/Types.h"

/*
 * These traits are approximate copies of the traits and semantics from C++11's
 * <type_traits> header.  Don't add traits not in that header!  When all
 * platforms provide that header, we can convert all users and remove this one.
 */

#include <wchar.h>

namespace mozilla {

/* Forward declarations. */

template<typename> struct RemoveCV;
template<typename> struct AddRvalueReference;

/* 20.2.4 Function template declval [declval] */

/**
 * DeclVal simplifies the definition of expressions which occur as unevaluated
 * operands. It converts T to a reference type, making it possible to use in
 * decltype expressions even if T does not have a default constructor, e.g.:
 * decltype(DeclVal<TWithNoDefaultConstructor>().foo())
 */
template<typename T>
typename AddRvalueReference<T>::Type DeclVal();

/* 20.9.3 Helper classes [meta.help] */

/**
 * Helper class used as a base for various type traits, exposed publicly
 * because <type_traits> exposes it as well.
 */
template<typename T, T Value>
struct IntegralConstant
{
  static constexpr T value = Value;
  typedef T ValueType;
  typedef IntegralConstant<T, Value> Type;
};

/** Convenient aliases. */
typedef IntegralConstant<bool, true> TrueType;
typedef IntegralConstant<bool, false> FalseType;

/* 20.9.4 Unary type traits [meta.unary] */

/* 20.9.4.1 Primary type categories [meta.unary.cat] */

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct IsVoidHelper : FalseType {};

template<>
struct IsVoidHelper<void> : TrueType {};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsVoid determines whether a type is void.
 *
 * mozilla::IsVoid<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsVoid<void>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsVoid<void*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsVoid<volatile void>::value is true.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsVoid : detail::IsVoidHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type> {};

namespace detail {

template <typename T>
struct IsIntegralHelper : FalseType {};

template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<char>               : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<signed char>        : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<unsigned char>      : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<short>              : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<unsigned short>     : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<int>                : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<unsigned int>       : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<long>               : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<unsigned long>      : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<long long>          : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<unsigned long long> : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<bool>               : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<wchar_t>            : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<char16_t>           : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsIntegralHelper<char32_t>           : TrueType {};

} /* namespace detail */

/**
 * IsIntegral determines whether a type is an integral type.
 *
 * mozilla::IsIntegral<int>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsIntegral<unsigned short>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsIntegral<const long>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsIntegral<int*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsIntegral<double>::value is false;
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsIntegral : detail::IsIntegralHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

template<typename T, typename U>
struct IsSame;

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct IsFloatingPointHelper
  : IntegralConstant<bool,
                     IsSame<T, float>::value ||
                     IsSame<T, double>::value ||
                     IsSame<T, long double>::value>
{};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsFloatingPoint determines whether a type is a floating point type (float,
 * double, long double).
 *
 * mozilla::IsFloatingPoint<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsFloatingPoint<const float>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsFloatingPoint<long double>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsFloatingPoint<double*>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsFloatingPoint
  : detail::IsFloatingPointHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct IsArrayHelper : FalseType {};

template<typename T, decltype(sizeof(1)) N>
struct IsArrayHelper<T[N]> : TrueType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsArrayHelper<T[]> : TrueType {};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsArray determines whether a type is an array type, of known or unknown
 * length.
 *
 * mozilla::IsArray<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsArray<int[]>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsArray<int[5]>::value is true.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsArray : detail::IsArrayHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct IsFunPtr;

template<typename>
struct IsFunPtr
  : public FalseType
{};

template<typename Result, typename... ArgTypes>
struct IsFunPtr<Result(*)(ArgTypes...)>
  : public TrueType
{};

}; // namespace detail

/**
 * IsFunction determines whether a type is a function type. Function pointers
 * don't qualify here--only the type of an actual function symbol. We do not
 * correctly handle varags function types because of a bug in MSVC.
 *
 * Given the function:
 *   void f(int) {}
 *
 * mozilla::IsFunction<void(int)> is true;
 * mozilla::IsFunction<void(*)(int)> is false;
 * mozilla::IsFunction<decltype(f)> is true.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsFunction
  : public detail::IsFunPtr<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type *>
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct IsPointerHelper : FalseType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsPointerHelper<T*> : TrueType {};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsPointer determines whether a type is a possibly-CV-qualified pointer type
 * (but not a pointer-to-member type).
 *
 * mozilla::IsPointer<struct S*>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<int*>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<int**>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<const int*>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<int* const>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<int* volatile>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<void (*)(void)>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsPointer<struct S>::value is false.
 * mozilla::IsPointer<int(struct S::*)>::value is false
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsPointer : detail::IsPointerHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

/**
 * IsLvalueReference determines whether a type is an lvalue reference.
 *
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<struct S*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<int**>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<void (*)(void)>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<struct S>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<struct S*&>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsLvalueReference<struct S&&>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsLvalueReference : FalseType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsLvalueReference<T&> : TrueType {};

/**
 * IsRvalueReference determines whether a type is an rvalue reference.
 *
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<struct S*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<int**>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<void (*)(void)>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<struct S>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<struct S*&>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsRvalueReference<struct S&&>::value is true.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsRvalueReference : FalseType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsRvalueReference<T&&> : TrueType {};

namespace detail {

// __is_enum is a supported extension across all of our supported compilers.
template<typename T>
struct IsEnumHelper
  : IntegralConstant<bool, __is_enum(T)>
{};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsEnum determines whether a type is an enum type.
 *
 * mozilla::IsEnum<enum S>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsEnum<enum S*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsEnum<int>::value is false;
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsEnum
  : detail::IsEnumHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

namespace detail {

// __is_class is a supported extension across all of our supported compilers:
// http://llvm.org/releases/3.0/docs/ClangReleaseNotes.html
// http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.4.7/gcc/Type-Traits.html#Type-Traits
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms177194%28v=vs.100%29.aspx
template<typename T>
struct IsClassHelper
  : IntegralConstant<bool, __is_class(T)>
{};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsClass determines whether a type is a class type (but not a union).
 *
 * struct S {};
 * union U {};
 * mozilla::IsClass<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsClass<const S>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsClass<U>::value is false;
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsClass
  : detail::IsClassHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

/* 20.9.4.2 Composite type traits [meta.unary.comp] */

/**
 * IsReference determines whether a type is an lvalue or rvalue reference.
 *
 * mozilla::IsReference<struct S*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsReference<int**>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsReference<int&>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsReference<void (*)(void)>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsReference<const int&>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsReference<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsReference<struct S>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsReference<struct S&>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsReference<struct S*&>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsReference<struct S&&>::value is true.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsReference
  : IntegralConstant<bool,
                     IsLvalueReference<T>::value || IsRvalueReference<T>::value>
{};

/**
 * IsArithmetic determines whether a type is arithmetic.  A type is arithmetic
 * iff it is an integral type or a floating point type.
 *
 * mozilla::IsArithmetic<int>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsArithmetic<double>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsArithmetic<long double*>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsArithmetic
  : IntegralConstant<bool, IsIntegral<T>::value || IsFloatingPoint<T>::value>
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct IsMemberPointerHelper : FalseType {};

template<typename T, typename U>
struct IsMemberPointerHelper<T U::*> : TrueType {};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsMemberPointer determines whether a type is pointer to non-static member
 * object or a pointer to non-static member function.
 *
 * mozilla::IsMemberPointer<int(cls::*)>::value is true
 * mozilla::IsMemberPointer<int*>::value is false
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsMemberPointer
  : detail::IsMemberPointerHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

/**
 * IsScalar determines whether a type is a scalar type.
 *
 * mozilla::IsScalar<int>::value is true
 * mozilla::IsScalar<int*>::value is true
 * mozilla::IsScalar<cls>::value is false
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsScalar
  : IntegralConstant<bool, IsArithmetic<T>::value || IsEnum<T>::value ||
                     IsPointer<T>::value || IsMemberPointer<T>::value>
{};

/* 20.9.4.3 Type properties [meta.unary.prop] */

/**
 * IsConst determines whether a type is const or not.
 *
 * mozilla::IsConst<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsConst<void* const>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsConst<const char*>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsConst : FalseType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsConst<const T> : TrueType {};

/**
 * IsVolatile determines whether a type is volatile or not.
 *
 * mozilla::IsVolatile<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsVolatile<void* volatile>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsVolatile<volatile char*>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsVolatile : FalseType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsVolatile<volatile T> : TrueType {};

/**
 * Traits class for identifying POD types.  Until C++11 there's no automatic
 * way to detect PODs, so for the moment this is done manually.  Users may
 * define specializations of this class that inherit from mozilla::TrueType and
 * mozilla::FalseType (or equivalently mozilla::IntegralConstant<bool, true or
 * false>, or conveniently from mozilla::IsPod for composite types) as needed to
 * ensure correct IsPod behavior.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsPod : public FalseType {};

template<> struct IsPod<char>               : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<signed char>        : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<unsigned char>      : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<short>              : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<unsigned short>     : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<int>                : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<unsigned int>       : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<long>               : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<unsigned long>      : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<long long>          : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<unsigned long long> : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<bool>               : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<float>              : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<double>             : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<wchar_t>            : TrueType {};
template<> struct IsPod<char16_t>           : TrueType {};
template<typename T> struct IsPod<T*>       : TrueType {};

namespace detail {

// __is_empty is a supported extension across all of our supported compilers:
// http://llvm.org/releases/3.0/docs/ClangReleaseNotes.html
// http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.4.7/gcc/Type-Traits.html#Type-Traits
// http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms177194%28v=vs.100%29.aspx
template<typename T>
struct IsEmptyHelper
  : IntegralConstant<bool, IsClass<T>::value && __is_empty(T)>
{};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsEmpty determines whether a type is a class (but not a union) that is empty.
 *
 * A class is empty iff it and all its base classes have no non-static data
 * members (except bit-fields of length 0) and no virtual member functions, and
 * no base class is empty or a virtual base class.
 *
 * Intuitively, empty classes don't have any data that has to be stored in
 * instances of those classes.  (The size of the class must still be non-zero,
 * because distinct array elements of any type must have different addresses.
 * However, if the Empty Base Optimization is implemented by the compiler [most
 * compilers implement it, and in certain cases C++11 requires it], the size of
 * a class inheriting from an empty |Base| class need not be inflated by
 * |sizeof(Base)|.)  And intuitively, non-empty classes have data members and/or
 * vtable pointers that must be stored in each instance for proper behavior.
 *
 *   static_assert(!mozilla::IsEmpty<int>::value, "not a class => not empty");
 *   union U1 { int x; };
 *   static_assert(!mozilla::IsEmpty<U1>::value, "not a class => not empty");
 *   struct E1 {};
 *   struct E2 { int : 0 };
 *   struct E3 : E1 {};
 *   struct E4 : E2 {};
 *   static_assert(mozilla::IsEmpty<E1>::value &&
 *                 mozilla::IsEmpty<E2>::value &&
 *                 mozilla::IsEmpty<E3>::value &&
 *                 mozilla::IsEmpty<E4>::value,
 *                 "all empty");
 *   union U2 { E1 e1; };
 *   static_assert(!mozilla::IsEmpty<U2>::value, "not a class => not empty");
 *   struct NE1 { int x; };
 *   struct NE2 : virtual E1 {};
 *   struct NE3 : E2 { virtual ~NE3() {} };
 *   struct NE4 { virtual void f() {} };
 *   static_assert(!mozilla::IsEmpty<NE1>::value &&
 *                 !mozilla::IsEmpty<NE2>::value &&
 *                 !mozilla::IsEmpty<NE3>::value &&
 *                 !mozilla::IsEmpty<NE4>::value,
 *                 "all empty");
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsEmpty : detail::IsEmptyHelper<typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};


namespace detail {

template<typename T,
         bool = IsFloatingPoint<T>::value,
         bool = IsIntegral<T>::value,
         typename NoCV = typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
struct IsSignedHelper;

// Floating point is signed.
template<typename T, typename NoCV>
struct IsSignedHelper<T, true, false, NoCV> : TrueType {};

// Integral is conditionally signed.
template<typename T, typename NoCV>
struct IsSignedHelper<T, false, true, NoCV>
  : IntegralConstant<bool, bool(NoCV(-1) < NoCV(1))>
{};

// Non-floating point, non-integral is not signed.
template<typename T, typename NoCV>
struct IsSignedHelper<T, false, false, NoCV> : FalseType {};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsSigned determines whether a type is a signed arithmetic type.  |char| is
 * considered a signed type if it has the same representation as |signed char|.
 *
 * mozilla::IsSigned<int>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsSigned<const unsigned int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsSigned<unsigned char>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsSigned<float>::value is true.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsSigned : detail::IsSignedHelper<T> {};

namespace detail {

template<typename T,
         bool = IsFloatingPoint<T>::value,
         bool = IsIntegral<T>::value,
         typename NoCV = typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
struct IsUnsignedHelper;

// Floating point is not unsigned.
template<typename T, typename NoCV>
struct IsUnsignedHelper<T, true, false, NoCV> : FalseType {};

// Integral is conditionally unsigned.
template<typename T, typename NoCV>
struct IsUnsignedHelper<T, false, true, NoCV>
  : IntegralConstant<bool,
                     (IsSame<NoCV, bool>::value || bool(NoCV(1) < NoCV(-1)))>
{};

// Non-floating point, non-integral is not unsigned.
template<typename T, typename NoCV>
struct IsUnsignedHelper<T, false, false, NoCV> : FalseType {};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsUnsigned determines whether a type is an unsigned arithmetic type.
 *
 * mozilla::IsUnsigned<int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsUnsigned<const unsigned int>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsUnsigned<unsigned char>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsUnsigned<float>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsUnsigned : detail::IsUnsignedHelper<T> {};

namespace detail {

struct DoIsDefaultConstructibleImpl
{
  template<typename T, typename = decltype(T())>
  static TrueType test(int);
  template<typename T>
  static FalseType test(...);
};

template<typename T>
struct IsDefaultConstructibleImpl : public DoIsDefaultConstructibleImpl
{
  typedef decltype(test<T>(0)) Type;
};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsDefaultConstructible determines whether a type has a public default
 * constructor.
 *
 * struct S0 {};                    // Implicit default constructor.
 * struct S1 { S1(); };
 * struct S2 { explicit S2(int); }; // No implicit default constructor when
 *                                  // another one is present.
 * struct S3 { S3() = delete; };
 * class C4 { C4(); };              // Default constructor is private.
 *
 * mozilla::IsDefaultConstructible<int>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsDefaultConstructible<S0>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsDefaultConstructible<S1>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsDefaultConstructible<S2>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsDefaultConstructible<S3>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsDefaultConstructible<S4>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsDefaultConstructible
  : public detail::IsDefaultConstructibleImpl<T>::Type
{};

namespace detail {

struct DoIsDestructibleImpl
{
  template<typename T, typename = decltype(DeclVal<T&>().~T())>
  static TrueType test(int);
  template<typename T>
  static FalseType test(...);
};

template<typename T>
struct IsDestructibleImpl : public DoIsDestructibleImpl
{
  typedef decltype(test<T>(0)) Type;
};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsDestructible determines whether a type has a public destructor.
 *
 * struct S0 {};                    // Implicit default destructor.
 * struct S1 { ~S1(); };
 * class C2 { ~C2(); };             // private destructor.
 *
 * mozilla::IsDestructible<S0>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsDestructible<S1>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsDestructible<C2>::value is false.
 */
template<typename T>
struct IsDestructible : public detail::IsDestructibleImpl<T>::Type {};

/* 20.9.5 Type property queries [meta.unary.prop.query] */

/* 20.9.6 Relationships between types [meta.rel] */

/**
 * IsSame tests whether two types are the same type.
 *
 * mozilla::IsSame<int, int>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsSame<int*, int*>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsSame<int, unsigned int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsSame<void, void>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsSame<const int, int>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsSame<struct S, struct S>::value is true.
 */
template<typename T, typename U>
struct IsSame : FalseType {};

template<typename T>
struct IsSame<T, T> : TrueType {};

namespace detail {

#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__) || defined(_MSC_VER)

template<class Base, class Derived>
struct BaseOfTester : IntegralConstant<bool, __is_base_of(Base, Derived)> {};

#else

// The trickery used to implement IsBaseOf here makes it possible to use it for
// the cases of private and multiple inheritance.  This code was inspired by the
// sample code here:
//
// http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2910979/how-is-base-of-works
template<class Base, class Derived>
struct BaseOfHelper
{
public:
  operator Base*() const;
  operator Derived*();
};

template<class Base, class Derived>
struct BaseOfTester
{
private:
  template<class T>
  static char test(Derived*, T);
  static int test(Base*, int);

public:
  static const bool value =
    sizeof(test(BaseOfHelper<Base, Derived>(), int())) == sizeof(char);
};

template<class Base, class Derived>
struct BaseOfTester<Base, const Derived>
{
private:
  template<class T>
  static char test(Derived*, T);
  static int test(Base*, int);

public:
  static const bool value =
    sizeof(test(BaseOfHelper<Base, Derived>(), int())) == sizeof(char);
};

template<class Base, class Derived>
struct BaseOfTester<Base&, Derived&> : FalseType {};

template<class Type>
struct BaseOfTester<Type, Type> : TrueType {};

template<class Type>
struct BaseOfTester<Type, const Type> : TrueType {};

#endif

} /* namespace detail */

/*
 * IsBaseOf allows to know whether a given class is derived from another.
 *
 * Consider the following class definitions:
 *
 *   class A {};
 *   class B : public A {};
 *   class C {};
 *
 * mozilla::IsBaseOf<A, A>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsBaseOf<A, B>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsBaseOf<A, C>::value is false;
 */
template<class Base, class Derived>
struct IsBaseOf
  : IntegralConstant<bool, detail::BaseOfTester<Base, Derived>::value>
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename From, typename To>
struct ConvertibleTester
{
private:
  template<typename To1>
  static char test_helper(To1);

  template<typename From1, typename To1>
  static decltype(test_helper<To1>(DeclVal<From1>())) test(int);

  template<typename From1, typename To1>
  static int test(...);

public:
  static const bool value =
    sizeof(test<From, To>(0)) == sizeof(char);
};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * IsConvertible determines whether a value of type From will implicitly convert
 * to a value of type To.  For example:
 *
 *   struct A {};
 *   struct B : public A {};
 *   struct C {};
 *
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<A, A>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<A*, A*>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<B, A>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<B*, A*>::value is true;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<C, A>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<A, C>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<A*, C*>::value is false;
 * mozilla::IsConvertible<C*, A*>::value is false.
 *
 * For obscure reasons, you can't use IsConvertible when the types being tested
 * are related through private inheritance, and you'll get a compile error if
 * you try.  Just don't do it!
 *
 * Note - we need special handling for void, which ConvertibleTester doesn't
 * handle. The void handling here doesn't handle const/volatile void correctly,
 * which could be easily fixed if the need arises.
 */
template<typename From, typename To>
struct IsConvertible
  : IntegralConstant<bool, detail::ConvertibleTester<From, To>::value>
{};

template<typename B>
struct IsConvertible<void, B>
  : IntegralConstant<bool, IsVoid<B>::value>
{};

template<typename A>
struct IsConvertible<A, void>
  : IntegralConstant<bool, IsVoid<A>::value>
{};

template<>
struct IsConvertible<void, void>
  : TrueType
{};

/* 20.9.7 Transformations between types [meta.trans] */

/* 20.9.7.1 Const-volatile modifications [meta.trans.cv] */

/**
 * RemoveConst removes top-level const qualifications on a type.
 *
 * mozilla::RemoveConst<int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveConst<const int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveConst<const int*>::Type is const int*;
 * mozilla::RemoveConst<int* const>::Type is int*.
 */
template<typename T>
struct RemoveConst
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct RemoveConst<const T>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

/**
 * RemoveVolatile removes top-level volatile qualifications on a type.
 *
 * mozilla::RemoveVolatile<int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveVolatile<volatile int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveVolatile<volatile int*>::Type is volatile int*;
 * mozilla::RemoveVolatile<int* volatile>::Type is int*.
 */
template<typename T>
struct RemoveVolatile
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct RemoveVolatile<volatile T>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

/**
 * RemoveCV removes top-level const and volatile qualifications on a type.
 *
 * mozilla::RemoveCV<int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveCV<const int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveCV<volatile int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveCV<int* const volatile>::Type is int*.
 */
template<typename T>
struct RemoveCV
{
  typedef typename RemoveConst<typename RemoveVolatile<T>::Type>::Type Type;
};

/* 20.9.7.2 Reference modifications [meta.trans.ref] */

/**
 * Converts reference types to the underlying types.
 *
 * mozilla::RemoveReference<T>::Type is T;
 * mozilla::RemoveReference<T&>::Type is T;
 * mozilla::RemoveReference<T&&>::Type is T;
 */

template<typename T>
struct RemoveReference
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct RemoveReference<T&>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct RemoveReference<T&&>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<bool Condition, typename A, typename B>
struct Conditional;

namespace detail {

enum Voidness { TIsVoid, TIsNotVoid };

template<typename T, Voidness V = IsVoid<T>::value ? TIsVoid : TIsNotVoid>
struct AddLvalueReferenceHelper;

template<typename T>
struct AddLvalueReferenceHelper<T, TIsVoid>
{
  typedef void Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct AddLvalueReferenceHelper<T, TIsNotVoid>
{
  typedef T& Type;
};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * AddLvalueReference adds an lvalue & reference to T if one isn't already
 * present. (Note: adding an lvalue reference to an rvalue && reference in
 * essence replaces the && with a &&, per C+11 reference collapsing rules. For
 * example, int&& would become int&.)
 *
 * The final computed type will only *not* be an lvalue reference if T is void.
 *
 * mozilla::AddLvalueReference<int>::Type is int&;
 * mozilla::AddLvalueRference<volatile int&>::Type is volatile int&;
 * mozilla::AddLvalueReference<void*>::Type is void*&;
 * mozilla::AddLvalueReference<void>::Type is void;
 * mozilla::AddLvalueReference<struct S&&>::Type is struct S&.
 */
template<typename T>
struct AddLvalueReference
  : detail::AddLvalueReferenceHelper<T>
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename T, Voidness V = IsVoid<T>::value ? TIsVoid : TIsNotVoid>
struct AddRvalueReferenceHelper;

template<typename T>
struct AddRvalueReferenceHelper<T, TIsVoid>
{
  typedef void Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct AddRvalueReferenceHelper<T, TIsNotVoid>
{
  typedef T&& Type;
};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * AddRvalueReference adds an rvalue && reference to T if one isn't already
 * present. (Note: adding an rvalue reference to an lvalue & reference in
 * essence keeps the &, per C+11 reference collapsing rules. For example,
 * int& would remain int&.)
 *
 * The final computed type will only *not* be a reference if T is void.
 *
 * mozilla::AddRvalueReference<int>::Type is int&&;
 * mozilla::AddRvalueRference<volatile int&>::Type is volatile int&;
 * mozilla::AddRvalueRference<const int&&>::Type is const int&&;
 * mozilla::AddRvalueReference<void*>::Type is void*&&;
 * mozilla::AddRvalueReference<void>::Type is void;
 * mozilla::AddRvalueReference<struct S&>::Type is struct S&.
 */
template<typename T>
struct AddRvalueReference
  : detail::AddRvalueReferenceHelper<T>
{};

/* 20.9.7.3 Sign modifications [meta.trans.sign] */

template<bool B, typename T = void>
struct EnableIf;

namespace detail {

template<bool MakeConst, typename T>
struct WithC : Conditional<MakeConst, const T, T>
{};

template<bool MakeVolatile, typename T>
struct WithV : Conditional<MakeVolatile, volatile T, T>
{};


template<bool MakeConst, bool MakeVolatile, typename T>
struct WithCV : WithC<MakeConst, typename WithV<MakeVolatile, T>::Type>
{};

template<typename T>
struct CorrespondingSigned;

template<>
struct CorrespondingSigned<char> { typedef signed char Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingSigned<unsigned char> { typedef signed char Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingSigned<unsigned short> { typedef short Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingSigned<unsigned int> { typedef int Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingSigned<unsigned long> { typedef long Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingSigned<unsigned long long> { typedef long long Type; };

template<typename T,
         typename CVRemoved = typename RemoveCV<T>::Type,
         bool IsSignedIntegerType = IsSigned<CVRemoved>::value &&
                                    !IsSame<char, CVRemoved>::value>
struct MakeSigned;

template<typename T, typename CVRemoved>
struct MakeSigned<T, CVRemoved, true>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T, typename CVRemoved>
struct MakeSigned<T, CVRemoved, false>
  : WithCV<IsConst<T>::value, IsVolatile<T>::value,
           typename CorrespondingSigned<CVRemoved>::Type>
{};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * MakeSigned produces the corresponding signed integer type for a given
 * integral type T, with the const/volatile qualifiers of T.  T must be a
 * possibly-const/volatile-qualified integral type that isn't bool.
 *
 * If T is already a signed integer type (not including char!), then T is
 * produced.
 *
 * Otherwise, if T is an unsigned integer type, the signed variety of T, with
 * T's const/volatile qualifiers, is produced.
 *
 * Otherwise, the integral type of the same size as T, with the lowest rank,
 * with T's const/volatile qualifiers, is produced.  (This basically only acts
 * to produce signed char when T = char.)
 *
 * mozilla::MakeSigned<unsigned long>::Type is signed long;
 * mozilla::MakeSigned<volatile int>::Type is volatile int;
 * mozilla::MakeSigned<const unsigned short>::Type is const signed short;
 * mozilla::MakeSigned<const char>::Type is const signed char;
 * mozilla::MakeSigned<bool> is an error;
 * mozilla::MakeSigned<void*> is an error.
 */
template<typename T>
struct MakeSigned
  : EnableIf<IsIntegral<T>::value &&
             !IsSame<bool, typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>::value,
             typename detail::MakeSigned<T>
            >::Type
{};

namespace detail {

template<typename T>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned;

template<>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned<char> { typedef unsigned char Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned<signed char> { typedef unsigned char Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned<short> { typedef unsigned short Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned<int> { typedef unsigned int Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned<long> { typedef unsigned long Type; };
template<>
struct CorrespondingUnsigned<long long> { typedef unsigned long long Type; };


template<typename T,
         typename CVRemoved = typename RemoveCV<T>::Type,
         bool IsUnsignedIntegerType = IsUnsigned<CVRemoved>::value &&
                                      !IsSame<char, CVRemoved>::value>
struct MakeUnsigned;

template<typename T, typename CVRemoved>
struct MakeUnsigned<T, CVRemoved, true>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T, typename CVRemoved>
struct MakeUnsigned<T, CVRemoved, false>
  : WithCV<IsConst<T>::value, IsVolatile<T>::value,
           typename CorrespondingUnsigned<CVRemoved>::Type>
{};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * MakeUnsigned produces the corresponding unsigned integer type for a given
 * integral type T, with the const/volatile qualifiers of T.  T must be a
 * possibly-const/volatile-qualified integral type that isn't bool.
 *
 * If T is already an unsigned integer type (not including char!), then T is
 * produced.
 *
 * Otherwise, if T is an signed integer type, the unsigned variety of T, with
 * T's const/volatile qualifiers, is produced.
 *
 * Otherwise, the unsigned integral type of the same size as T, with the lowest
 * rank, with T's const/volatile qualifiers, is produced.  (This basically only
 * acts to produce unsigned char when T = char.)
 *
 * mozilla::MakeUnsigned<signed long>::Type is unsigned long;
 * mozilla::MakeUnsigned<volatile unsigned int>::Type is volatile unsigned int;
 * mozilla::MakeUnsigned<const signed short>::Type is const unsigned short;
 * mozilla::MakeUnsigned<const char>::Type is const unsigned char;
 * mozilla::MakeUnsigned<bool> is an error;
 * mozilla::MakeUnsigned<void*> is an error.
 */
template<typename T>
struct MakeUnsigned
  : EnableIf<IsIntegral<T>::value &&
             !IsSame<bool, typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>::value,
             typename detail::MakeUnsigned<T>
            >::Type
{};

/* 20.9.7.4 Array modifications [meta.trans.arr] */

/**
 * RemoveExtent produces either the type of the elements of the array T, or T
 * itself.
 *
 * mozilla::RemoveExtent<int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemoveExtent<const int[]>::Type is const int;
 * mozilla::RemoveExtent<volatile int[5]>::Type is volatile int;
 * mozilla::RemoveExtent<long[][17]>::Type is long[17].
 */
template<typename T>
struct RemoveExtent
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T>
struct RemoveExtent<T[]>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T, decltype(sizeof(1)) N>
struct RemoveExtent<T[N]>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

/* 20.9.7.5 Pointer modifications [meta.trans.ptr] */

namespace detail {

template<typename T, typename CVRemoved>
struct RemovePointerHelper
{
  typedef T Type;
};

template<typename T, typename Pointee>
struct RemovePointerHelper<T, Pointee*>
{
  typedef Pointee Type;
};

} // namespace detail

/**
 * Produces the pointed-to type if a pointer is provided, else returns the input
 * type.  Note that this does not dereference pointer-to-member pointers.
 *
 * struct S { bool m; void f(); };
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<int*>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<int* const>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<int* volatile>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<const long*>::Type is const long;
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<void* const>::Type is void;
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<void (S::*)()>::Type is void (S::*)();
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<void (*)()>::Type is void();
 * mozilla::RemovePointer<bool S::*>::Type is bool S::*.
 */
template<typename T>
struct RemovePointer
  : detail::RemovePointerHelper<T, typename RemoveCV<T>::Type>
{};

/**
 * Converts T& to T*. Otherwise returns T* given T. Note that C++17 wants
 * std::add_pointer to work differently for function types. We don't implement
 * that behavior here.
 *
 * mozilla::AddPointer<int> is int*;
 * mozilla::AddPointer<int*> is int**;
 * mozilla::AddPointer<int&> is int*;
 * mozilla::AddPointer<int* const> is int** const.
 */
template<typename T>
struct AddPointer
{
  typedef typename RemoveReference<T>::Type* Type;
};

/* 20.9.7.6 Other transformations [meta.trans.other] */

/**
 * EnableIf is a struct containing a typedef of T if and only if B is true.
 *
 * mozilla::EnableIf<true, int>::Type is int;
 * mozilla::EnableIf<false, int>::Type is a compile-time error.
 *
 * Use this template to implement SFINAE-style (Substitution Failure Is not An
 * Error) requirements.  For example, you might use it to impose a restriction
 * on a template parameter:
 *
 *   template<typename T>
 *   class PodVector // vector optimized to store POD (memcpy-able) types
 *   {
 *      EnableIf<IsPod<T>::value, T>::Type* vector;
 *      size_t length;
 *      ...
 *   };
 */
template<bool B, typename T>
struct EnableIf
{};

template<typename T>
struct EnableIf<true, T>
{
  typedef T Type;
};

/**
 * Conditional selects a class between two, depending on a given boolean value.
 *
 * mozilla::Conditional<true, A, B>::Type is A;
 * mozilla::Conditional<false, A, B>::Type is B;
 */
template<bool Condition, typename A, typename B>
struct Conditional
{
  typedef A Type;
};

template<class A, class B>
struct Conditional<false, A, B>
{
  typedef B Type;
};

namespace detail {

template<typename U,
         bool IsArray = IsArray<U>::value,
         bool IsFunction = IsFunction<U>::value>
struct DecaySelector;

template<typename U>
struct DecaySelector<U, false, false>
{
  typedef typename RemoveCV<U>::Type Type;
};

template<typename U>
struct DecaySelector<U, true, false>
{
  typedef typename RemoveExtent<U>::Type* Type;
};

template<typename U>
struct DecaySelector<U, false, true>
{
  typedef typename AddPointer<U>::Type Type;
};

}; // namespace detail

/**
 * Strips const/volatile off a type and decays it from an lvalue to an
 * rvalue. So function types are converted to function pointers, arrays to
 * pointers, and references are removed.
 *
 * mozilla::Decay<int>::Type is int
 * mozilla::Decay<int&>::Type is int
 * mozilla::Decay<int&&>::Type is int
 * mozilla::Decay<const int&>::Type is int
 * mozilla::Decay<int[2]>::Type is int*
 * mozilla::Decay<int(int)>::Type is int(*)(int)
 */
template<typename T>
class Decay
  : public detail::DecaySelector<typename RemoveReference<T>::Type>
{
};

} /* namespace mozilla */

#endif /* mozilla_TypeTraits_h */