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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*-
 * vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80:
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

/*
 * [SMDOC] JS::CallArgs API
 *
 * Helper classes encapsulating access to the callee, |this| value, arguments,
 * and argument count for a call/construct operation.
 *
 * JS::CallArgs encapsulates access to a JSNative's un-abstracted
 * |unsigned argc, Value* vp| arguments.  The principal way to create a
 * JS::CallArgs is using JS::CallArgsFromVp:
 *
 *   // If provided no arguments or a non-numeric first argument, return zero.
 *   // Otherwise return |this| exactly as given, without boxing.
 *   static bool
 *   Func(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, JS::Value* vp)
 *   {
 *       JS::CallArgs args = JS::CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);
 *
 *       // Guard against no arguments or a non-numeric arg0.
 *       if (args.length() == 0 || !args[0].isNumber()) {
 *           args.rval().setInt32(0);
 *           return true;
 *       }
 *
 *       // Access to the callee must occur before accessing/setting
 *       // the return value.
 *       JSObject& callee = args.callee();
 *       args.rval().setObject(callee);
 *
 *       // callee() and calleev() will now assert.
 *
 *       // It's always fine to access thisv().
 *       HandleValue thisv = args.thisv();
 *       args.rval().set(thisv);
 *
 *       // As the return value was last set to |this|, returns |this|.
 *       return true;
 *   }
 *
 * CallArgs is exposed publicly and used internally.  Not all parts of its
 * public interface are meant to be used by embedders!  See inline comments to
 * for details.
 *
 * It's possible (albeit deprecated) to manually index into |vp| to access the
 * callee, |this|, and arguments of a function, and to set its return value.
 * This does not have the error-handling or moving-GC correctness of CallArgs.
 * New code should use CallArgs instead whenever possible.
 *
 * The eventual plan is to change JSNative to take |const CallArgs&| directly,
 * for automatic assertion of correct use and to make calling functions more
 * efficient.  Embedders should start internally switching away from using
 * |argc| and |vp| directly, except to create a |CallArgs|.  Then, when an
 * eventual release making that change occurs, porting efforts will require
 * changing methods' signatures but won't require invasive changes to the
 * methods' implementations, potentially under time pressure.
 */

#ifndef js_CallArgs_h
#define js_CallArgs_h

#include "mozilla/Assertions.h"
#include "mozilla/Attributes.h"
#include "mozilla/TypeTraits.h"

#include "jstypes.h"

#include "js/RootingAPI.h"
#include "js/Value.h"

/* Typedef for native functions called by the JS VM. */
using JSNative = bool (*)(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, JS::Value* vp);

namespace JS {

extern JS_PUBLIC_DATA const HandleValue UndefinedHandleValue;

namespace detail {

/*
 * Compute |this| for the |vp| inside a JSNative, either boxing primitives or
 * replacing with the global object as necessary.
 */
extern JS_PUBLIC_API bool ComputeThis(JSContext* cx, JS::Value* vp,
                                      MutableHandleObject thisObject);

#ifdef JS_DEBUG
extern JS_PUBLIC_API void CheckIsValidConstructible(const Value& v);
#endif

class MOZ_STACK_CLASS IncludeUsedRval {
  mutable bool usedRval_;

 public:
  bool usedRval() const { return usedRval_; }
  void setUsedRval() const { usedRval_ = true; }
  void clearUsedRval() const { usedRval_ = false; }
  void assertUnusedRval() const { MOZ_ASSERT(!usedRval_); }
};

class MOZ_STACK_CLASS NoUsedRval {
 public:
  bool usedRval() const { return false; }
  void setUsedRval() const {}
  void clearUsedRval() const {}
  void assertUnusedRval() const {}
};

template <class WantUsedRval>
class MOZ_STACK_CLASS CallArgsBase {
  static_assert(mozilla::IsSame<WantUsedRval, IncludeUsedRval>::value ||
                    mozilla::IsSame<WantUsedRval, NoUsedRval>::value,
                "WantUsedRval can only be IncludeUsedRval or NoUsedRval");

 protected:
  Value* argv_;
  unsigned argc_;
  bool constructing_ : 1;

  // True if the caller does not use the return value.
  bool ignoresReturnValue_ : 1;

#ifdef JS_DEBUG
  WantUsedRval wantUsedRval_;
  bool usedRval() const { return wantUsedRval_.usedRval(); }
  void setUsedRval() const { wantUsedRval_.setUsedRval(); }
  void clearUsedRval() const { wantUsedRval_.clearUsedRval(); }
  void assertUnusedRval() const { wantUsedRval_.assertUnusedRval(); }
#else
  bool usedRval() const { return false; }
  void setUsedRval() const {}
  void clearUsedRval() const {}
  void assertUnusedRval() const {}
#endif

 public:
  // CALLEE ACCESS

  /*
   * Returns the function being called, as a value.  Must not be called after
   * rval() has been used!
   */
  HandleValue calleev() const {
    this->assertUnusedRval();
    return HandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&argv_[-2]);
  }

  /*
   * Returns the function being called, as an object.  Must not be called
   * after rval() has been used!
   */
  JSObject& callee() const { return calleev().toObject(); }

  // CALLING/CONSTRUCTING-DIFFERENTIATIONS

  bool isConstructing() const {
    if (!argv_[-1].isMagic()) {
      return false;
    }

#ifdef JS_DEBUG
    if (!this->usedRval()) {
      CheckIsValidConstructible(calleev());
    }
#endif

    return true;
  }

  bool ignoresReturnValue() const { return ignoresReturnValue_; }

  MutableHandleValue newTarget() const {
    MOZ_ASSERT(constructing_);
    return MutableHandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&this->argv_[argc_]);
  }

  /*
   * Returns the |this| value passed to the function.  This method must not
   * be called when the function is being called as a constructor via |new|.
   * The value may or may not be an object: it is the individual function's
   * responsibility to box the value if needed.
   */
  HandleValue thisv() const {
    // Some internal code uses thisv() in constructing cases, so don't do
    // this yet.
    // MOZ_ASSERT(!argv_[-1].isMagic(JS_IS_CONSTRUCTING));
    return HandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&argv_[-1]);
  }

  bool computeThis(JSContext* cx, MutableHandleObject thisObject) const {
    if (thisv().isObject()) {
      thisObject.set(&thisv().toObject());
      return true;
    }

    return ComputeThis(cx, base(), thisObject);
  }

  // ARGUMENTS

  /* Returns the number of arguments. */
  unsigned length() const { return argc_; }

  /* Returns the i-th zero-indexed argument. */
  MutableHandleValue operator[](unsigned i) const {
    MOZ_ASSERT(i < argc_);
    return MutableHandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&this->argv_[i]);
  }

  /*
   * Returns the i-th zero-indexed argument, or |undefined| if there's no
   * such argument.
   */
  HandleValue get(unsigned i) const {
    return i < length() ? HandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&this->argv_[i])
                        : UndefinedHandleValue;
  }

  /*
   * Returns true if the i-th zero-indexed argument is present and is not
   * |undefined|.
   */
  bool hasDefined(unsigned i) const {
    return i < argc_ && !this->argv_[i].isUndefined();
  }

  // RETURN VALUE

  /*
   * Returns the currently-set return value.  The initial contents of this
   * value are unspecified.  Once this method has been called, callee() and
   * calleev() can no longer be used.  (If you're compiling against a debug
   * build of SpiderMonkey, these methods will assert to aid debugging.)
   *
   * If the method you're implementing succeeds by returning true, you *must*
   * set this.  (SpiderMonkey doesn't currently assert this, but it will do
   * so eventually.)  You don't need to use or change this if your method
   * fails.
   */
  MutableHandleValue rval() const {
    this->setUsedRval();
    return MutableHandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&argv_[-2]);
  }

  /*
   * Returns true if there are at least |required| arguments passed in. If
   * false, it reports an error message on the context.
   */
  JS_PUBLIC_API inline bool requireAtLeast(JSContext* cx, const char* fnname,
                                           unsigned required) const;

 public:
  // These methods are publicly exposed, but they are *not* to be used when
  // implementing a JSNative method and encapsulating access to |vp| within
  // it.  You probably don't want to use these!

  void setCallee(const Value& aCalleev) const {
    this->clearUsedRval();
    argv_[-2] = aCalleev;
  }

  void setThis(const Value& aThisv) const { argv_[-1] = aThisv; }

  MutableHandleValue mutableThisv() const {
    return MutableHandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&argv_[-1]);
  }

 public:
  // These methods are publicly exposed, but we're unsure of the interfaces
  // (because they're hackish and drop assertions).  Avoid using these if you
  // can.

  Value* array() const { return argv_; }
  Value* end() const { return argv_ + argc_ + constructing_; }

 public:
  // These methods are only intended for internal use.  Embedders shouldn't
  // use them!

  Value* base() const { return argv_ - 2; }

  Value* spAfterCall() const {
    this->setUsedRval();
    return argv_ - 1;
  }
};

}  // namespace detail

class MOZ_STACK_CLASS CallArgs
    : public detail::CallArgsBase<detail::IncludeUsedRval> {
 private:
  friend CallArgs CallArgsFromVp(unsigned argc, Value* vp);
  friend CallArgs CallArgsFromSp(unsigned stackSlots, Value* sp,
                                 bool constructing, bool ignoresReturnValue);

  static CallArgs create(unsigned argc, Value* argv, bool constructing,
                         bool ignoresReturnValue = false) {
    CallArgs args;
    args.clearUsedRval();
    args.argv_ = argv;
    args.argc_ = argc;
    args.constructing_ = constructing;
    args.ignoresReturnValue_ = ignoresReturnValue;
#ifdef DEBUG
    AssertValueIsNotGray(args.thisv());
    AssertValueIsNotGray(args.calleev());
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < argc; ++i) {
      AssertValueIsNotGray(argv[i]);
    }
#endif
    return args;
  }

 public:
  /*
   * Helper for requireAtLeast to report the actual exception.  Public
   * so we can call it from CallArgsBase and not need multiple
   * per-template instantiations of it.
   */
  static JS_PUBLIC_API void reportMoreArgsNeeded(JSContext* cx,
                                                 const char* fnname,
                                                 unsigned required,
                                                 unsigned actual);
};

namespace detail {
template <class WantUsedRval>
JS_PUBLIC_API inline bool CallArgsBase<WantUsedRval>::requireAtLeast(
    JSContext* cx, const char* fnname, unsigned required) const {
  if (MOZ_LIKELY(required <= length())) {
    return true;
  }

  CallArgs::reportMoreArgsNeeded(cx, fnname, required, length());
  return false;
}
}  // namespace detail

MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE CallArgs CallArgsFromVp(unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  return CallArgs::create(argc, vp + 2, vp[1].isMagic(JS_IS_CONSTRUCTING));
}

// This method is only intended for internal use in SpiderMonkey.  We may
// eventually move it to an internal header.  Embedders should use
// JS::CallArgsFromVp!
MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE CallArgs CallArgsFromSp(unsigned stackSlots, Value* sp,
                                          bool constructing = false,
                                          bool ignoresReturnValue = false) {
  return CallArgs::create(stackSlots - constructing, sp - stackSlots,
                          constructing, ignoresReturnValue);
}

}  // namespace JS

#endif /* js_CallArgs_h */