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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef nsCSPUtils_h___
#define nsCSPUtils_h___

#include "nsCOMPtr.h"
#include "nsIContentPolicy.h"
#include "nsIContentSecurityPolicy.h"
#include "nsIURI.h"
#include "nsString.h"
#include "nsTArray.h"
#include "nsUnicharUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/Logging.h"

namespace mozilla {
namespace dom {
  struct CSP;
} // namespace dom
} // namespace mozilla

/* =============== Logging =================== */

void CSP_LogLocalizedStr(const char16_t* aName,
                         const char16_t** aParams,
                         uint32_t aLength,
                         const nsAString& aSourceName,
                         const nsAString& aSourceLine,
                         uint32_t aLineNumber,
                         uint32_t aColumnNumber,
                         uint32_t aFlags,
                         const char* aCategory,
                         uint32_t aInnerWindowID);

void CSP_GetLocalizedStr(const char16_t* aName,
                         const char16_t** aParams,
                         uint32_t aLength,
                         char16_t** outResult);

void CSP_LogStrMessage(const nsAString& aMsg);

void CSP_LogMessage(const nsAString& aMessage,
                    const nsAString& aSourceName,
                    const nsAString& aSourceLine,
                    uint32_t aLineNumber,
                    uint32_t aColumnNumber,
                    uint32_t aFlags,
                    const char* aCategory,
                    uint32_t aInnerWindowID);


/* =============== Constant and Type Definitions ================== */

#define INLINE_STYLE_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC   "violated base restriction: Inline Stylesheets will not apply"
#define INLINE_SCRIPT_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC  "violated base restriction: Inline Scripts will not execute"
#define EVAL_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC           "violated base restriction: Code will not be created from strings"
#define SCRIPT_NONCE_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC   "Inline Script had invalid nonce"
#define STYLE_NONCE_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC    "Inline Style had invalid nonce"
#define SCRIPT_HASH_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC    "Inline Script had invalid hash"
#define STYLE_HASH_VIOLATION_OBSERVER_TOPIC     "Inline Style had invalid hash"

// these strings map to the CSPDirectives in nsIContentSecurityPolicy
// NOTE: When implementing a new directive, you will need to add it here but also
// add a corresponding entry to the constants in nsIContentSecurityPolicy.idl
// and also create an entry for the new directive in
// nsCSPDirective::toDomCSPStruct() and add it to CSPDictionaries.webidl.
// Order of elements below important! Make sure it matches the order as in
// nsIContentSecurityPolicy.idl
static const char* CSPStrDirectives[] = {
  "-error-",                  // NO_DIRECTIVE
  "default-src",              // DEFAULT_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "script-src",               // SCRIPT_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "object-src",               // OBJECT_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "style-src",                // STYLE_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "img-src",                  // IMG_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "media-src",                // MEDIA_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "frame-src",                // FRAME_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "font-src",                 // FONT_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "connect-src",              // CONNECT_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "report-uri",               // REPORT_URI_DIRECTIVE
  "frame-ancestors",          // FRAME_ANCESTORS_DIRECTIVE
  "reflected-xss",            // REFLECTED_XSS_DIRECTIVE
  "base-uri",                 // BASE_URI_DIRECTIVE
  "form-action",              // FORM_ACTION_DIRECTIVE
  "referrer",                 // REFERRER_DIRECTIVE
  "manifest-src",             // MANIFEST_SRC_DIRECTIVE
  "upgrade-insecure-requests" // UPGRADE_IF_INSECURE_DIRECTIVE
};

inline const char* CSP_CSPDirectiveToString(CSPDirective aDir)
{
  return CSPStrDirectives[static_cast<uint32_t>(aDir)];
}

inline CSPDirective CSP_StringToCSPDirective(const nsAString& aDir)
{
  nsString lowerDir = PromiseFlatString(aDir);
  ToLowerCase(lowerDir);

  uint32_t numDirs = (sizeof(CSPStrDirectives) / sizeof(CSPStrDirectives[0]));
  for (uint32_t i = 1; i < numDirs; i++) {
    if (lowerDir.EqualsASCII(CSPStrDirectives[i])) {
      return static_cast<CSPDirective>(i);
    }
  }
  NS_ASSERTION(false, "Can not convert unknown Directive to Integer");
  return nsIContentSecurityPolicy::NO_DIRECTIVE;
}

// Please add any new enum items not only to CSPKeyword, but also add
// a string version for every enum >> using the same index << to
// CSPStrKeywords underneath.
enum CSPKeyword {
  CSP_SELF = 0,
  CSP_UNSAFE_INLINE,
  CSP_UNSAFE_EVAL,
  CSP_NONE,
  CSP_NONCE,
  // CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE always needs to be the last element in the enum
  // because we use it to calculate the size for the char* array.
  CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE,
  // Putting CSP_HASH after the delimitor, because CSP_HASH is not a valid
  // keyword (hash uses e.g. sha256, sha512) but we use CSP_HASH internally
  // to identify allowed hashes in ::allows.
  CSP_HASH
 };

static const char* CSPStrKeywords[] = {
  "'self'",          // CSP_SELF = 0
  "'unsafe-inline'", // CSP_UNSAFE_INLINE
  "'unsafe-eval'",   // CSP_UNSAFE_EVAL
  "'none'",          // CSP_NONE
  "'nonce-",         // CSP_NONCE
  // Remember: CSP_HASH is not supposed to be used
};

inline const char* CSP_EnumToKeyword(enum CSPKeyword aKey)
{
  // Make sure all elements in enum CSPKeyword got added to CSPStrKeywords.
  static_assert((sizeof(CSPStrKeywords) / sizeof(CSPStrKeywords[0]) ==
                static_cast<uint32_t>(CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE)),
                "CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE does not match length of CSPStrKeywords");
  return CSPStrKeywords[static_cast<uint32_t>(aKey)];
}

inline CSPKeyword CSP_KeywordToEnum(const nsAString& aKey)
{
  nsString lowerKey = PromiseFlatString(aKey);
  ToLowerCase(lowerKey);

  static_assert(CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE ==
                (sizeof(CSPStrKeywords) / sizeof(CSPStrKeywords[0])),
                 "CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE does not match length of CSPStrKeywords");

  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE; i++) {
    if (lowerKey.EqualsASCII(CSPStrKeywords[i])) {
      return static_cast<CSPKeyword>(i);
    }
  }
  NS_ASSERTION(false, "Can not convert unknown Keyword to Enum");
  return CSP_LAST_KEYWORD_VALUE;
}

/* =============== Helpers ================== */

class nsCSPHostSrc;

nsCSPHostSrc* CSP_CreateHostSrcFromURI(nsIURI* aURI);
bool CSP_IsValidDirective(const nsAString& aDir);
bool CSP_IsDirective(const nsAString& aValue, CSPDirective aDir);
bool CSP_IsKeyword(const nsAString& aValue, enum CSPKeyword aKey);
bool CSP_IsQuotelessKeyword(const nsAString& aKey);
CSPDirective CSP_ContentTypeToDirective(nsContentPolicyType aType);


/* =============== nsCSPSrc ================== */

class nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    nsCSPBaseSrc();
    virtual ~nsCSPBaseSrc();

    virtual bool permits(nsIURI* aUri, const nsAString& aNonce, bool aWasRedirected,
                         bool aReportOnly, bool aUpgradeInsecure) const;
    virtual bool allows(enum CSPKeyword aKeyword, const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const;
    virtual void toString(nsAString& outStr) const = 0;
};

/* =============== nsCSPSchemeSrc ============ */

class nsCSPSchemeSrc : public nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    explicit nsCSPSchemeSrc(const nsAString& aScheme);
    virtual ~nsCSPSchemeSrc();

    bool permits(nsIURI* aUri, const nsAString& aNonce, bool aWasRedirected,
                 bool aReportOnly, bool aUpgradeInsecure) const;
    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;

  private:
    nsString mScheme;
};

/* =============== nsCSPHostSrc ============== */

class nsCSPHostSrc : public nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    explicit nsCSPHostSrc(const nsAString& aHost);
    virtual ~nsCSPHostSrc();

    bool permits(nsIURI* aUri, const nsAString& aNonce, bool aWasRedirected,
                 bool aReportOnly, bool aUpgradeInsecure) const;
    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;

    void setScheme(const nsAString& aScheme);
    void setPort(const nsAString& aPort);
    void appendPath(const nsAString &aPath);

  private:
    nsString mScheme;
    nsString mHost;
    nsString mPort;
    nsString mPath;
};

/* =============== nsCSPKeywordSrc ============ */

class nsCSPKeywordSrc : public nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    explicit nsCSPKeywordSrc(CSPKeyword aKeyword);
    virtual ~nsCSPKeywordSrc();

    bool allows(enum CSPKeyword aKeyword, const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const;
    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;
    void invalidate();

  private:
    CSPKeyword mKeyword;
    // invalidate 'unsafe-inline' if nonce- or hash-source specified
    bool       mInvalidated;
};

/* =============== nsCSPNonceSource =========== */

class nsCSPNonceSrc : public nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    explicit nsCSPNonceSrc(const nsAString& aNonce);
    virtual ~nsCSPNonceSrc();

    bool permits(nsIURI* aUri, const nsAString& aNonce, bool aWasRedirected,
                 bool aReportOnly, bool aUpgradeInsecure) const;
    bool allows(enum CSPKeyword aKeyword, const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const;
    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;

  private:
    nsString mNonce;
};

/* =============== nsCSPHashSource ============ */

class nsCSPHashSrc : public nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    nsCSPHashSrc(const nsAString& algo, const nsAString& hash);
    virtual ~nsCSPHashSrc();

    bool allows(enum CSPKeyword aKeyword, const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const;
    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;

  private:
    nsString mAlgorithm;
    nsString mHash;
};

/* =============== nsCSPReportURI ============ */

class nsCSPReportURI : public nsCSPBaseSrc {
  public:
    explicit nsCSPReportURI(nsIURI* aURI);
    virtual ~nsCSPReportURI();

    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;

  private:
    nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> mReportURI;
};

/* =============== nsCSPDirective ============= */

class nsCSPDirective {
  public:
    explicit nsCSPDirective(CSPDirective aDirective);
    virtual ~nsCSPDirective();

    virtual bool permits(nsIURI* aUri, const nsAString& aNonce, bool aWasRedirected,
                         bool aReportOnly, bool aUpgradeInsecure) const;
    virtual bool allows(enum CSPKeyword aKeyword, const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const;
    virtual void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;
    void toDomCSPStruct(mozilla::dom::CSP& outCSP) const;

    virtual void addSrcs(const nsTArray<nsCSPBaseSrc*>& aSrcs)
      { mSrcs = aSrcs; }

    bool restrictsContentType(nsContentPolicyType aContentType) const;

    inline bool isDefaultDirective() const
     { return mDirective == nsIContentSecurityPolicy::DEFAULT_SRC_DIRECTIVE; }

    inline bool equals(CSPDirective aDirective) const
      { return (mDirective == aDirective); }

    void getReportURIs(nsTArray<nsString> &outReportURIs) const;

  private:
    CSPDirective            mDirective;
    nsTArray<nsCSPBaseSrc*> mSrcs;
};

/* =============== nsUpgradeInsecureDirective === */

/*
 * Upgrading insecure requests includes the following actors:
 * (1) CSP:
 *     The CSP implementation whitelists the http-request
 *     in case the policy is executed in enforcement mode.
 *     The CSP implementation however does not allow http
 *     requests to succeed if executed in report-only mode.
 *     In such a case the CSP implementation reports the
 *     error back to the page.
 *
 * (2) MixedContent:
 *     The evalution of MixedContent whitelists all http
 *     requests with the promise that the http requests
 *     gets upgraded to https before any data is fetched
 *     from the network.
 *
 * (3) CORS:
 *     Does not consider the http request to be of a
 *     different origin in case the scheme is the only
 *     difference in otherwise matching URIs.
 *
 * (4) nsHttpChannel:
 *     Before connecting, the channel gets redirected
 *     to use https.
 *
 * (5) WebSocketChannel:
 *     Similar to the httpChannel, the websocketchannel
 *     gets upgraded from ws to wss.
 */
class nsUpgradeInsecureDirective : public nsCSPDirective {
  public:
    explicit nsUpgradeInsecureDirective(CSPDirective aDirective);
    ~nsUpgradeInsecureDirective();

    bool permits(nsIURI* aUri, const nsAString& aNonce, bool aWasRedirected,
                 bool aReportOnly, bool aUpgradeInsecure) const
      { return false; }

    bool permits(nsIURI* aUri) const
      { return false; }

    bool allows(enum CSPKeyword aKeyword, const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const
      { return false; }

    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;

    void addSrcs(const nsTArray<nsCSPBaseSrc*>& aSrcs)
      {  MOZ_ASSERT(false, "upgrade-insecure-requests does not hold any srcs"); }
};

/* =============== nsCSPPolicy ================== */

class nsCSPPolicy {
  public:
    nsCSPPolicy();
    virtual ~nsCSPPolicy();

    bool permits(CSPDirective aDirective,
                 nsIURI* aUri,
                 const nsAString& aNonce,
                 bool aWasRedirected,
                 bool aSpecific,
                 nsAString& outViolatedDirective) const;
    bool permits(CSPDirective aDir,
                 nsIURI* aUri,
                 bool aSpecific) const;
    bool allows(nsContentPolicyType aContentType,
                enum CSPKeyword aKeyword,
                const nsAString& aHashOrNonce) const;
    bool allows(nsContentPolicyType aContentType,
                enum CSPKeyword aKeyword) const;
    void toString(nsAString& outStr) const;
    void toDomCSPStruct(mozilla::dom::CSP& outCSP) const;

    inline void addDirective(nsCSPDirective* aDir)
      { mDirectives.AppendElement(aDir); }

    inline void addUpgradeInsecDir(nsUpgradeInsecureDirective* aDir)
      {
        mUpgradeInsecDir = aDir;
        addDirective(aDir);
      }

    bool hasDirective(CSPDirective aDir) const;

    inline void setReportOnlyFlag(bool aFlag)
      { mReportOnly = aFlag; }

    inline bool getReportOnlyFlag() const
      { return mReportOnly; }

    inline void setReferrerPolicy(const nsAString* aValue)
      { mReferrerPolicy = *aValue; }

    inline void getReferrerPolicy(nsAString& outPolicy) const
      { outPolicy.Assign(mReferrerPolicy); }

    void getReportURIs(nsTArray<nsString> &outReportURIs) const;

    void getDirectiveStringForContentType(nsContentPolicyType aContentType,
                                          nsAString& outDirective) const;

    void getDirectiveAsString(CSPDirective aDir, nsAString& outDirective) const;

    inline uint32_t getNumDirectives() const
      { return mDirectives.Length(); }

  private:
    nsUpgradeInsecureDirective* mUpgradeInsecDir;
    nsTArray<nsCSPDirective*>   mDirectives;
    bool                        mReportOnly;
    nsString                    mReferrerPolicy;
};

#endif /* nsCSPUtils_h___ */