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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*-
 * vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80:
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "js/UbiNodeCensus.h"

#include "builtin/MapObject.h"
#include "js/CharacterEncoding.h"
#include "js/StableStringChars.h"
#include "util/Text.h"
#include "vm/JSContext.h"
#include "vm/Printer.h"
#include "vm/Realm.h"

#include "vm/JSObject-inl.h"
#include "vm/NativeObject-inl.h"

using namespace js;

namespace JS {
namespace ubi {

JS_PUBLIC_API void CountDeleter::operator()(CountBase* ptr) {
  if (!ptr) {
    return;
  }

  // Downcast to our true type and destruct, as guided by our CountType
  // pointer.
  ptr->destruct();
  js_free(ptr);
}

/*** Count Types ************************************************************/

// The simplest type: just count everything.
class SimpleCount : public CountType {
  struct Count : CountBase {
    size_t totalBytes_;

    explicit Count(SimpleCount& count) : CountBase(count), totalBytes_(0) {}
  };

  UniqueTwoByteChars label;
  bool reportCount : 1;
  bool reportBytes : 1;

 public:
  explicit SimpleCount(UniqueTwoByteChars& label, bool reportCount = true,
                       bool reportBytes = true)
      : CountType(),
        label(std::move(label)),
        reportCount(reportCount),
        reportBytes(reportBytes) {}

  explicit SimpleCount()
      : CountType(), label(nullptr), reportCount(true), reportBytes(true) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override {
    return CountBasePtr(js_new<Count>(*this));
  }
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override {}
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

bool SimpleCount::count(CountBase& countBase,
                        mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf, const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  if (reportBytes) {
    count.totalBytes_ += node.size(mallocSizeOf);
  }
  return true;
}

bool SimpleCount::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                         MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  RootedPlainObject obj(cx, NewBuiltinClassInstance<PlainObject>(cx));
  if (!obj) {
    return false;
  }

  RootedValue countValue(cx, NumberValue(count.total_));
  if (reportCount &&
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().count, countValue)) {
    return false;
  }

  RootedValue bytesValue(cx, NumberValue(count.totalBytes_));
  if (reportBytes &&
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().bytes, bytesValue)) {
    return false;
  }

  if (label) {
    JSString* labelString = JS_NewUCStringCopyZ(cx, label.get());
    if (!labelString) {
      return false;
    }
    RootedValue labelValue(cx, StringValue(labelString));
    if (!DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().label, labelValue)) {
      return false;
    }
  }

  report.setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

// A count type that collects all matching nodes in a bucket.
class BucketCount : public CountType {
  struct Count : CountBase {
    JS::ubi::Vector<JS::ubi::Node::Id> ids_;

    explicit Count(BucketCount& count) : CountBase(count), ids_() {}
  };

 public:
  explicit BucketCount() : CountType() {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override {
    return CountBasePtr(js_new<Count>(*this));
  }
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) final {}
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

bool BucketCount::count(CountBase& countBase,
                        mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf, const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  return count.ids_.append(node.identifier());
}

bool BucketCount::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                         MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  size_t length = count.ids_.length();
  RootedArrayObject arr(cx, NewDenseFullyAllocatedArray(cx, length));
  if (!arr) {
    return false;
  }
  arr->ensureDenseInitializedLength(cx, 0, length);

  for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    arr->setDenseElement(i, NumberValue(count.ids_[i]));
  }

  report.setObject(*arr);
  return true;
}

// A type that categorizes nodes by their JavaScript type -- 'objects',
// 'strings', 'scripts', 'domNode', and 'other' -- and then passes the nodes to
// child types.
//
// Implementation details of scripts like jitted code are counted under
// 'scripts'.
class ByCoarseType : public CountType {
  CountTypePtr objects;
  CountTypePtr scripts;
  CountTypePtr strings;
  CountTypePtr other;
  CountTypePtr domNode;

  struct Count : CountBase {
    Count(CountType& type, CountBasePtr& objects, CountBasePtr& scripts,
          CountBasePtr& strings, CountBasePtr& other, CountBasePtr& domNode)
        : CountBase(type),
          objects(std::move(objects)),
          scripts(std::move(scripts)),
          strings(std::move(strings)),
          other(std::move(other)),
          domNode(std::move(domNode)) {}

    CountBasePtr objects;
    CountBasePtr scripts;
    CountBasePtr strings;
    CountBasePtr other;
    CountBasePtr domNode;
  };

 public:
  ByCoarseType(CountTypePtr& objects, CountTypePtr& scripts,
               CountTypePtr& strings, CountTypePtr& other,
               CountTypePtr& domNode)
      : CountType(),
        objects(std::move(objects)),
        scripts(std::move(scripts)),
        strings(std::move(strings)),
        other(std::move(other)),
        domNode(std::move(domNode)) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override;
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override;
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

CountBasePtr ByCoarseType::makeCount() {
  CountBasePtr objectsCount(objects->makeCount());
  CountBasePtr scriptsCount(scripts->makeCount());
  CountBasePtr stringsCount(strings->makeCount());
  CountBasePtr otherCount(other->makeCount());
  CountBasePtr domNodeCount(domNode->makeCount());

  if (!objectsCount || !scriptsCount || !stringsCount || !otherCount ||
      !domNodeCount) {
    return CountBasePtr(nullptr);
  }

  return CountBasePtr(js_new<Count>(*this, objectsCount, scriptsCount,
                                    stringsCount, otherCount, domNodeCount));
}

void ByCoarseType::traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  count.objects->trace(trc);
  count.scripts->trace(trc);
  count.strings->trace(trc);
  count.other->trace(trc);
  count.domNode->trace(trc);
}

bool ByCoarseType::count(CountBase& countBase,
                         mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf, const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  switch (node.coarseType()) {
    case JS::ubi::CoarseType::Object:
      return count.objects->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
    case JS::ubi::CoarseType::Script:
      return count.scripts->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
    case JS::ubi::CoarseType::String:
      return count.strings->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
    case JS::ubi::CoarseType::Other:
      return count.other->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
    case JS::ubi::CoarseType::DOMNode:
      return count.domNode->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
    default:
      MOZ_CRASH("bad JS::ubi::CoarseType in JS::ubi::ByCoarseType::count");
      return false;
  }
}

bool ByCoarseType::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                          MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  RootedPlainObject obj(cx, NewBuiltinClassInstance<PlainObject>(cx));
  if (!obj) {
    return false;
  }

  RootedValue objectsReport(cx);
  if (!count.objects->report(cx, &objectsReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().objects, objectsReport))
    return false;

  RootedValue scriptsReport(cx);
  if (!count.scripts->report(cx, &scriptsReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().scripts, scriptsReport))
    return false;

  RootedValue stringsReport(cx);
  if (!count.strings->report(cx, &stringsReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().strings, stringsReport))
    return false;

  RootedValue otherReport(cx);
  if (!count.other->report(cx, &otherReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().other, otherReport))
    return false;
  RootedValue domReport(cx);
  if (!count.domNode->report(cx, &domReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().domNode, domReport))
    return false;

  report.setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

// Comparison function for sorting hash table entries by the smallest node ID
// they counted. Node IDs are stable and unique, which ensures ordering of
// results never depends on hash table placement or sort algorithm vagaries. The
// arguments are doubly indirect: they're pointers to elements in an array of
// pointers to table entries.
template <typename Entry>
static int compareEntries(const void* lhsVoid, const void* rhsVoid) {
  auto lhs = (*static_cast<const Entry* const*>(lhsVoid))
                 ->value()
                 ->smallestNodeIdCounted_;
  auto rhs = (*static_cast<const Entry* const*>(rhsVoid))
                 ->value()
                 ->smallestNodeIdCounted_;

  // We don't want to just subtract the values, as they're unsigned.
  if (lhs < rhs) {
    return 1;
  }
  if (lhs > rhs) {
    return -1;
  }
  return 0;
}

// A hash map mapping from C strings to counts.
using CStringCountMap = HashMap<const char*, CountBasePtr,
                                mozilla::CStringHasher, SystemAllocPolicy>;

// Convert a HashMap into an object with each key one of the entries from the
// map and each value the associated count's report. For use during census
// reporting.
//
// `Map` must be a `HashMap` from some key type to a `CountBasePtr`.
//
// `GetName` must be a callable type which takes `const Map::Key&` and returns
// `const char*`.
template <class Map, class GetName>
static PlainObject* countMapToObject(JSContext* cx, Map& map, GetName getName) {
  // Build a vector of pointers to entries; sort by total; and then use
  // that to build the result object. This makes the ordering of entries
  // more interesting, and a little less non-deterministic.

  JS::ubi::Vector<typename Map::Entry*> entries;
  if (!entries.reserve(map.count())) {
    ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
    return nullptr;
  }

  for (auto r = map.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    entries.infallibleAppend(&r.front());
  }

  if (entries.length()) {
    qsort(entries.begin(), entries.length(), sizeof(*entries.begin()),
          compareEntries<typename Map::Entry>);
  }

  RootedPlainObject obj(cx, NewBuiltinClassInstance<PlainObject>(cx));
  if (!obj) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  for (auto& entry : entries) {
    CountBasePtr& thenCount = entry->value();
    RootedValue thenReport(cx);
    if (!thenCount->report(cx, &thenReport)) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    const char* name = getName(entry->key());
    MOZ_ASSERT(name);
    JSAtom* atom = Atomize(cx, name, strlen(name));
    if (!atom) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    RootedId entryId(cx, AtomToId(atom));
    if (!DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, entryId, thenReport)) {
      return nullptr;
    }
  }

  return obj;
}

template <class Map, class GetName>
static PlainObject* countMap16ToObject(JSContext* cx, Map& map,
                                       GetName getName) {
  // Build a vector of pointers to entries; sort by total; and then use
  // that to build the result object. This makes the ordering of entries
  // more interesting, and a little less non-deterministic.

  JS::ubi::Vector<typename Map::Entry*> entries;
  if (!entries.reserve(map.count())) {
    ReportOutOfMemory(cx);
    return nullptr;
  }

  for (auto r = map.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    entries.infallibleAppend(&r.front());
  }

  if (entries.length()) {
    qsort(entries.begin(), entries.length(), sizeof(*entries.begin()),
          compareEntries<typename Map::Entry>);
  }

  RootedPlainObject obj(cx, NewBuiltinClassInstance<PlainObject>(cx));
  if (!obj) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  for (auto& entry : entries) {
    CountBasePtr& thenCount = entry->value();
    RootedValue thenReport(cx);
    if (!thenCount->report(cx, &thenReport)) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    const char16_t* name = getName(entry->key());
    MOZ_ASSERT(name);
    JSAtom* atom = AtomizeChars(cx, name, js_strlen(name));
    if (!atom) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    RootedId entryId(cx, AtomToId(atom));
    if (!DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, entryId, thenReport)) {
      return nullptr;
    }
  }

  return obj;
}

// A type that categorizes nodes that are JSObjects by their class name,
// and places all other nodes in an 'other' category.
class ByObjectClass : public CountType {
  // A table mapping class names to their counts. Note that we treat js::Class
  // instances with the same name as equal keys. If you have several
  // js::Classes with equal names (and we do; as of this writing there were
  // six named "Object"), you will get several different js::Classes being
  // counted in the same table entry.
  using Table = CStringCountMap;
  using Entry = Table::Entry;

  struct Count : public CountBase {
    Table table;
    CountBasePtr other;

    Count(CountType& type, CountBasePtr& other)
        : CountBase(type), other(std::move(other)) {}
  };

  CountTypePtr classesType;
  CountTypePtr otherType;

 public:
  ByObjectClass(CountTypePtr& classesType, CountTypePtr& otherType)
      : CountType(),
        classesType(std::move(classesType)),
        otherType(std::move(otherType)) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override;
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override;
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

CountBasePtr ByObjectClass::makeCount() {
  CountBasePtr otherCount(otherType->makeCount());
  if (!otherCount) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  auto count = js::MakeUnique<Count>(*this, otherCount);
  if (!count) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  return CountBasePtr(count.release());
}

void ByObjectClass::traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    r.front().value()->trace(trc);
  }
  count.other->trace(trc);
}

bool ByObjectClass::count(CountBase& countBase,
                          mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
                          const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  const char* className = node.jsObjectClassName();
  if (!className) {
    return count.other->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
  }

  Table::AddPtr p = count.table.lookupForAdd(className);
  if (!p) {
    CountBasePtr classCount(classesType->makeCount());
    if (!classCount || !count.table.add(p, className, std::move(classCount))) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return p->value()->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
}

bool ByObjectClass::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                           MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  RootedPlainObject obj(
      cx,
      countMapToObject(cx, count.table, [](const char* key) { return key; }));
  if (!obj) {
    return false;
  }

  RootedValue otherReport(cx);
  if (!count.other->report(cx, &otherReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().other, otherReport))
    return false;

  report.setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

class ByDomObjectClass : public CountType {
  // A table mapping descriptive names to their counts.
  using UniqueC16String = JS::UniqueTwoByteChars;

  struct UniqueC16StringHasher {
    using Lookup = UniqueC16String;

    static js::HashNumber hash(const Lookup& lookup) {
      return mozilla::HashString(lookup.get());
    }

    static bool match(const UniqueC16String& key, const Lookup& lookup) {
      return CompareChars(key.get(), js_strlen(key.get()), lookup.get(),
                          js_strlen(lookup.get())) == 0;
    }
  };

  using Table = HashMap<UniqueC16String, CountBasePtr, UniqueC16StringHasher,
                        SystemAllocPolicy>;
  using Entry = Table::Entry;

  struct Count : public CountBase {
    Table table;

    explicit Count(CountType& type) : CountBase(type) {}
  };

  CountTypePtr classesType;

 public:
  explicit ByDomObjectClass(CountTypePtr& classesType)
      : CountType(), classesType(std::move(classesType)) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override;
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override;
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

CountBasePtr ByDomObjectClass::makeCount() {
  auto count = js::MakeUnique<Count>(*this);
  if (!count) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  return CountBasePtr(count.release());
}

void ByDomObjectClass::traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    r.front().value()->trace(trc);
  }
}

bool ByDomObjectClass::count(CountBase& countBase,
                             mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
                             const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  const char16_t* nodeName = node.descriptiveTypeName();
  if (!nodeName) {
    return false;
  }

  UniqueC16String name = DuplicateString(nodeName);
  if (!name) {
    return false;
  }

  Table::AddPtr p = count.table.lookupForAdd(name);
  if (!p) {
    CountBasePtr classesCount(classesType->makeCount());
    if (!classesCount ||
        !count.table.add(p, std::move(name), std::move(classesCount))) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return p->value()->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
}

bool ByDomObjectClass::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                              MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  RootedPlainObject obj(
      cx, countMap16ToObject(cx, count.table, [](const UniqueC16String& key) {
        return key.get();
      }));
  if (!obj) {
    return false;
  }

  report.setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

// A count type that categorizes nodes by their ubi::Node::typeName.
class ByUbinodeType : public CountType {
  // Note that, because ubi::Node::typeName promises to return a specific
  // pointer, not just any string whose contents are correct, we can use their
  // addresses as hash table keys.
  using Table = HashMap<const char16_t*, CountBasePtr,
                        DefaultHasher<const char16_t*>, SystemAllocPolicy>;
  using Entry = Table::Entry;

  struct Count : public CountBase {
    Table table;

    explicit Count(CountType& type) : CountBase(type) {}
  };

  CountTypePtr entryType;

 public:
  explicit ByUbinodeType(CountTypePtr& entryType)
      : CountType(), entryType(std::move(entryType)) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override;
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override;
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

CountBasePtr ByUbinodeType::makeCount() {
  auto count = js::MakeUnique<Count>(*this);
  if (!count) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  return CountBasePtr(count.release());
}

void ByUbinodeType::traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    r.front().value()->trace(trc);
  }
}

bool ByUbinodeType::count(CountBase& countBase,
                          mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
                          const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  const char16_t* key = node.typeName();
  MOZ_ASSERT(key);
  Table::AddPtr p = count.table.lookupForAdd(key);
  if (!p) {
    CountBasePtr typesCount(entryType->makeCount());
    if (!typesCount || !count.table.add(p, key, std::move(typesCount))) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return p->value()->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
}

bool ByUbinodeType::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                           MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  // Build a vector of pointers to entries; sort by total; and then use
  // that to build the result object. This makes the ordering of entries
  // more interesting, and a little less non-deterministic.
  JS::ubi::Vector<Entry*> entries;
  if (!entries.reserve(count.table.count())) {
    return false;
  }
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    entries.infallibleAppend(&r.front());
  }
  if (entries.length()) {
    qsort(entries.begin(), entries.length(), sizeof(*entries.begin()),
          compareEntries<Entry>);
  }

  // Now build the result by iterating over the sorted vector.
  RootedPlainObject obj(cx, NewBuiltinClassInstance<PlainObject>(cx));
  if (!obj) {
    return false;
  }
  for (Entry** entryPtr = entries.begin(); entryPtr < entries.end();
       entryPtr++) {
    Entry& entry = **entryPtr;
    CountBasePtr& typeCount = entry.value();
    RootedValue typeReport(cx);
    if (!typeCount->report(cx, &typeReport)) {
      return false;
    }

    const char16_t* name = entry.key();
    MOZ_ASSERT(name);
    JSAtom* atom = AtomizeChars(cx, name, js_strlen(name));
    if (!atom) {
      return false;
    }
    RootedId entryId(cx, AtomToId(atom));

    if (!DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, entryId, typeReport)) {
      return false;
    }
  }

  report.setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

// A count type that categorizes nodes by the JS stack under which they were
// allocated.
class ByAllocationStack : public CountType {
  using Table = HashMap<StackFrame, CountBasePtr, DefaultHasher<StackFrame>,
                        SystemAllocPolicy>;
  using Entry = Table::Entry;

  struct Count : public CountBase {
    // NOTE: You may look up entries in this table by JS::ubi::StackFrame
    // key only during traversal, NOT ONCE TRAVERSAL IS COMPLETE. Once
    // traversal is complete, you may only iterate over it.
    //
    // In this hash table, keys are JSObjects (with some indirection), and
    // we use JSObject identity (that is, address identity) as key
    // identity. The normal way to support such a table is to make the trace
    // function notice keys that have moved and re-key them in the
    // table. However, our trace function does *not* rehash; the first GC
    // may render the hash table unsearchable.
    //
    // This is as it should be:
    //
    // First, the heap traversal phase needs lookups by key to work. But no
    // GC may ever occur during a traversal; this is enforced by the
    // JS::ubi::BreadthFirst template. So the traceCount function doesn't
    // need to do anything to help traversal; it never even runs then.
    //
    // Second, the report phase needs iteration over the table to work, but
    // never looks up entries by key. GC may well occur during this phase:
    // we allocate a Map object, and probably cross-compartment wrappers for
    // SavedFrame instances as well. If a GC were to occur, it would call
    // our traceCount function; if traceCount were to re-key, that would
    // ruin the traversal in progress.
    //
    // So depending on the phase, we either don't need re-keying, or
    // can't abide it.
    Table table;
    CountBasePtr noStack;

    Count(CountType& type, CountBasePtr& noStack)
        : CountBase(type), noStack(std::move(noStack)) {}
  };

  CountTypePtr entryType;
  CountTypePtr noStackType;

 public:
  ByAllocationStack(CountTypePtr& entryType, CountTypePtr& noStackType)
      : CountType(),
        entryType(std::move(entryType)),
        noStackType(std::move(noStackType)) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override;
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override;
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

CountBasePtr ByAllocationStack::makeCount() {
  CountBasePtr noStackCount(noStackType->makeCount());
  if (!noStackCount) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  auto count = js::MakeUnique<Count>(*this, noStackCount);
  if (!count) {
    return nullptr;
  }
  return CountBasePtr(count.release());
}

void ByAllocationStack::traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    // Trace our child Counts.
    r.front().value()->trace(trc);

    // Trace the StackFrame that is this entry's key. Do not re-key if
    // it has moved; see comments for ByAllocationStack::Count::table.
    const StackFrame* key = &r.front().key();
    auto& k = *const_cast<StackFrame*>(key);
    k.trace(trc);
  }
  count.noStack->trace(trc);
}

bool ByAllocationStack::count(CountBase& countBase,
                              mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
                              const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  // If we do have an allocation stack for this node, include it in the
  // count for that stack.
  if (node.hasAllocationStack()) {
    auto allocationStack = node.allocationStack();
    auto p = count.table.lookupForAdd(allocationStack);
    if (!p) {
      CountBasePtr stackCount(entryType->makeCount());
      if (!stackCount ||
          !count.table.add(p, allocationStack, std::move(stackCount))) {
        return false;
      }
    }
    MOZ_ASSERT(p);
    return p->value()->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
  }

  // Otherwise, count it in the "no stack" category.
  return count.noStack->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
}

bool ByAllocationStack::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                               MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

#ifdef DEBUG
  // Check that nothing rehashes our table while we hold pointers into it.
  mozilla::Generation generation = count.table.generation();
#endif

  // Build a vector of pointers to entries; sort by total; and then use
  // that to build the result object. This makes the ordering of entries
  // more interesting, and a little less non-deterministic.
  JS::ubi::Vector<Entry*> entries;
  if (!entries.reserve(count.table.count())) {
    return false;
  }
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    entries.infallibleAppend(&r.front());
  }
  if (entries.length()) {
    qsort(entries.begin(), entries.length(), sizeof(*entries.begin()),
          compareEntries<Entry>);
  }

  // Now build the result by iterating over the sorted vector.
  Rooted<MapObject*> map(cx, MapObject::create(cx));
  if (!map) {
    return false;
  }
  for (Entry** entryPtr = entries.begin(); entryPtr < entries.end();
       entryPtr++) {
    Entry& entry = **entryPtr;
    MOZ_ASSERT(entry.key());

    RootedObject stack(cx);
    if (!entry.key().constructSavedFrameStack(cx, &stack) ||
        !cx->compartment()->wrap(cx, &stack)) {
      return false;
    }
    RootedValue stackVal(cx, ObjectValue(*stack));

    CountBasePtr& stackCount = entry.value();
    RootedValue stackReport(cx);
    if (!stackCount->report(cx, &stackReport)) {
      return false;
    }

    if (!MapObject::set(cx, map, stackVal, stackReport)) {
      return false;
    }
  }

  if (count.noStack->total_ > 0) {
    RootedValue noStackReport(cx);
    if (!count.noStack->report(cx, &noStackReport)) {
      return false;
    }
    RootedValue noStack(cx, StringValue(cx->names().noStack));
    if (!MapObject::set(cx, map, noStack, noStackReport)) {
      return false;
    }
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(generation == count.table.generation());

  report.setObject(*map);
  return true;
}

// A count type that categorizes nodes by their script's filename.
class ByFilename : public CountType {
  using UniqueCString = JS::UniqueChars;

  struct UniqueCStringHasher {
    using Lookup = UniqueCString;

    static js::HashNumber hash(const Lookup& lookup) {
      return mozilla::CStringHasher::hash(lookup.get());
    }

    static bool match(const UniqueCString& key, const Lookup& lookup) {
      return mozilla::CStringHasher::match(key.get(), lookup.get());
    }
  };

  // A table mapping filenames to their counts. Note that we treat scripts
  // with the same filename as equivalent. If you have several sources with
  // the same filename, then all their scripts will get bucketed together.
  using Table = HashMap<UniqueCString, CountBasePtr, UniqueCStringHasher,
                        SystemAllocPolicy>;
  using Entry = Table::Entry;

  struct Count : public CountBase {
    Table table;
    CountBasePtr then;
    CountBasePtr noFilename;

    Count(CountType& type, CountBasePtr&& then, CountBasePtr&& noFilename)
        : CountBase(type),
          then(std::move(then)),
          noFilename(std::move(noFilename)) {}
  };

  CountTypePtr thenType;
  CountTypePtr noFilenameType;

 public:
  ByFilename(CountTypePtr&& thenType, CountTypePtr&& noFilenameType)
      : CountType(),
        thenType(std::move(thenType)),
        noFilenameType(std::move(noFilenameType)) {}

  void destructCount(CountBase& countBase) override {
    Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
    count.~Count();
  }

  CountBasePtr makeCount() override;
  void traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) override;
  bool count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
             const Node& node) override;
  bool report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
              MutableHandleValue report) override;
};

CountBasePtr ByFilename::makeCount() {
  CountBasePtr thenCount(thenType->makeCount());
  if (!thenCount) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountBasePtr noFilenameCount(noFilenameType->makeCount());
  if (!noFilenameCount) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  auto count = js::MakeUnique<Count>(*this, std::move(thenCount),
                                     std::move(noFilenameCount));
  if (!count) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  return CountBasePtr(count.release());
}

void ByFilename::traceCount(CountBase& countBase, JSTracer* trc) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);
  for (Table::Range r = count.table.all(); !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
    r.front().value()->trace(trc);
  }
  count.noFilename->trace(trc);
}

bool ByFilename::count(CountBase& countBase, mozilla::MallocSizeOf mallocSizeOf,
                       const Node& node) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  const char* filename = node.scriptFilename();
  if (!filename) {
    return count.noFilename->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
  }

  UniqueCString myFilename = DuplicateString(filename);
  if (!myFilename) {
    return false;
  }

  Table::AddPtr p = count.table.lookupForAdd(myFilename);
  if (!p) {
    CountBasePtr thenCount(thenType->makeCount());
    if (!thenCount ||
        !count.table.add(p, std::move(myFilename), std::move(thenCount))) {
      return false;
    }
  }
  return p->value()->count(mallocSizeOf, node);
}

bool ByFilename::report(JSContext* cx, CountBase& countBase,
                        MutableHandleValue report) {
  Count& count = static_cast<Count&>(countBase);

  RootedPlainObject obj(
      cx, countMapToObject(cx, count.table,
                           [](const UniqueCString& key) { return key.get(); }));
  if (!obj) {
    return false;
  }

  RootedValue noFilenameReport(cx);
  if (!count.noFilename->report(cx, &noFilenameReport) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().noFilename, noFilenameReport)) {
    return false;
  }

  report.setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

/*** Census Handler *********************************************************/

JS_PUBLIC_API bool CensusHandler::operator()(
    BreadthFirst<CensusHandler>& traversal, Node origin, const Edge& edge,
    NodeData* referentData, bool first) {
  // We're only interested in the first time we reach edge.referent, not
  // in every edge arriving at that node.
  if (!first) {
    return true;
  }

  // Don't count nodes outside the debuggee zones. Do count things in the
  // special atoms zone, but don't traverse their outgoing edges, on the
  // assumption that they are shared resources that debuggee is using.
  // Symbols are always allocated in the atoms zone, even if they were
  // created for exactly one compartment and never shared; this rule will
  // include such nodes in the count.
  const Node& referent = edge.referent;
  Zone* zone = referent.zone();

  if (census.targetZones.count() == 0 || census.targetZones.has(zone)) {
    return rootCount->count(mallocSizeOf, referent);
  }

  if (zone && zone->isAtomsZone()) {
    traversal.abandonReferent();
    return rootCount->count(mallocSizeOf, referent);
  }

  traversal.abandonReferent();
  return true;
}

/*** Parsing Breakdowns *****************************************************/

static CountTypePtr ParseChildBreakdown(JSContext* cx, HandleObject breakdown,
                                        PropertyName* prop) {
  RootedValue v(cx);
  if (!GetProperty(cx, breakdown, breakdown, prop, &v)) {
    return nullptr;
  }
  return ParseBreakdown(cx, v);
}

JS_PUBLIC_API CountTypePtr ParseBreakdown(JSContext* cx,
                                          HandleValue breakdownValue) {
  if (breakdownValue.isUndefined()) {
    // Construct the default type, { by: 'count' }
    CountTypePtr simple(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
    return simple;
  }

  RootedObject breakdown(cx, ToObject(cx, breakdownValue));
  if (!breakdown) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  RootedValue byValue(cx);
  if (!GetProperty(cx, breakdown, breakdown, cx->names().by, &byValue)) {
    return nullptr;
  }
  RootedString byString(cx, ToString(cx, byValue));
  if (!byString) {
    return nullptr;
  }
  RootedLinearString by(cx, byString->ensureLinear(cx));
  if (!by) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "count")) {
    RootedValue countValue(cx), bytesValue(cx);
    if (!GetProperty(cx, breakdown, breakdown, cx->names().count,
                     &countValue) ||
        !GetProperty(cx, breakdown, breakdown, cx->names().bytes, &bytesValue))
      return nullptr;

    // Both 'count' and 'bytes' default to true if omitted, but ToBoolean
    // naturally treats 'undefined' as false; fix this up.
    if (countValue.isUndefined()) countValue.setBoolean(true);
    if (bytesValue.isUndefined()) bytesValue.setBoolean(true);

    // Undocumented feature, for testing: { by: 'count' } breakdowns can have
    // a 'label' property whose value is converted to a string and included as
    // a 'label' property on the report object.
    RootedValue label(cx);
    if (!GetProperty(cx, breakdown, breakdown, cx->names().label, &label)) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    UniqueTwoByteChars labelUnique(nullptr);
    if (!label.isUndefined()) {
      RootedString labelString(cx, ToString(cx, label));
      if (!labelString) {
        return nullptr;
      }

      JSFlatString* flat = labelString->ensureFlat(cx);
      if (!flat) {
        return nullptr;
      }

      AutoStableStringChars chars(cx);
      if (!chars.initTwoByte(cx, flat)) {
        return nullptr;
      }

      // Since flat strings are null-terminated, and AutoStableStringChars
      // null- terminates if it needs to make a copy, we know that
      // chars.twoByteChars() is null-terminated.
      labelUnique = DuplicateString(cx, chars.twoByteChars());
      if (!labelUnique) {
        return nullptr;
      }
    }

    CountTypePtr simple(cx->new_<SimpleCount>(
        labelUnique, ToBoolean(countValue), ToBoolean(bytesValue)));
    return simple;
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "bucket")) {
    return CountTypePtr(cx->new_<BucketCount>());
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "objectClass")) {
    CountTypePtr thenType(ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().then));
    if (!thenType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    CountTypePtr otherType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().other));
    if (!otherType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    return CountTypePtr(cx->new_<ByObjectClass>(thenType, otherType));
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "coarseType")) {
    CountTypePtr objectsType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().objects));
    if (!objectsType) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    CountTypePtr scriptsType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().scripts));
    if (!scriptsType) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    CountTypePtr stringsType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().strings));
    if (!stringsType) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    CountTypePtr otherType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().other));
    if (!otherType) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    CountTypePtr domNodeType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().domNode));
    if (!domNodeType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    return CountTypePtr(cx->new_<ByCoarseType>(
        objectsType, scriptsType, stringsType, otherType, domNodeType));
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "internalType")) {
    CountTypePtr thenType(ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().then));
    if (!thenType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    return CountTypePtr(cx->new_<ByUbinodeType>(thenType));
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "descriptiveType")) {
    CountTypePtr thenType(ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().then));
    if (!thenType) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    return CountTypePtr(cx->new_<ByDomObjectClass>(thenType));
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "allocationStack")) {
    CountTypePtr thenType(ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().then));
    if (!thenType) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    CountTypePtr noStackType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().noStack));
    if (!noStackType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    return CountTypePtr(cx->new_<ByAllocationStack>(thenType, noStackType));
  }

  if (StringEqualsAscii(by, "filename")) {
    CountTypePtr thenType(ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().then));
    if (!thenType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    CountTypePtr noFilenameType(
        ParseChildBreakdown(cx, breakdown, cx->names().noFilename));
    if (!noFilenameType) {
      return nullptr;
    }

    return CountTypePtr(
        cx->new_<ByFilename>(std::move(thenType), std::move(noFilenameType)));
  }

  // We didn't recognize the breakdown type; complain.
  UniqueChars byBytes = QuoteString(cx, by, '"');
  if (!byBytes) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                            JSMSG_DEBUG_CENSUS_BREAKDOWN, byBytes.get());
  return nullptr;
}

// Get the default census breakdown:
//
// { by: "coarseType",
//   objects: { by: "objectClass" },
//   other:   { by: "internalType" },
//   domNode: { by: "descriptiveType" }
// }
static CountTypePtr GetDefaultBreakdown(JSContext* cx) {
  CountTypePtr byDomClass(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
  if (!byDomClass) {
    return nullptr;
  }
  CountTypePtr byClass(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
  if (!byClass) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountTypePtr byClassElse(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
  if (!byClassElse) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountTypePtr objects(cx->new_<ByObjectClass>(byClass, byClassElse));
  if (!objects) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountTypePtr scripts(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
  if (!scripts) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountTypePtr strings(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
  if (!strings) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountTypePtr byType(cx->new_<SimpleCount>());
  if (!byType) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  CountTypePtr other(cx->new_<ByUbinodeType>(byType));
  if (!other) {
    return nullptr;
  }
  CountTypePtr domNode(cx->new_<ByDomObjectClass>(byDomClass));
  if (!domNode) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  return CountTypePtr(
      cx->new_<ByCoarseType>(objects, scripts, strings, other, domNode));
}

JS_PUBLIC_API bool ParseCensusOptions(JSContext* cx, Census& census,
                                      HandleObject options,
                                      CountTypePtr& outResult) {
  RootedValue breakdown(cx, UndefinedValue());
  if (options &&
      !GetProperty(cx, options, options, cx->names().breakdown, &breakdown)) {
    return false;
  }

  outResult = breakdown.isUndefined() ? GetDefaultBreakdown(cx)
                                      : ParseBreakdown(cx, breakdown);
  return !!outResult;
}

}  // namespace ubi
}  // namespace JS