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// © 2016 and later: Unicode, Inc. and others.
// License & terms of use: http://www.unicode.org/copyright.html
/*
***************************************************************************
*   Copyright (C) 2002-2016 International Business Machines Corporation   *
*   and others. All rights reserved.                                      *
***************************************************************************
*/

//
//  File:  rbbinode.cpp
//
//         Implementation of class RBBINode, which represents a node in the
//         tree generated when parsing the Rules Based Break Iterator rules.
//
//         This "Class" is actually closer to a struct.
//         Code using it is expected to directly access fields much of the time.
//

#include "unicode/utypes.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_BREAK_ITERATION

#include "unicode/unistr.h"
#include "unicode/uniset.h"
#include "unicode/uchar.h"
#include "unicode/parsepos.h"

#include "cstr.h"
#include "uvector.h"

#include "rbbirb.h"
#include "rbbinode.h"

#include "uassert.h"


U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

#ifdef RBBI_DEBUG
static int  gLastSerial = 0;
#endif


//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//    Constructor.   Just set the fields to reasonable default values.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
RBBINode::RBBINode(NodeType t) : UMemory() {
#ifdef RBBI_DEBUG
    fSerialNum    = ++gLastSerial;
#endif
    fType         = t;
    fParent       = NULL;
    fLeftChild    = NULL;
    fRightChild   = NULL;
    fInputSet     = NULL;
    fFirstPos     = 0;
    fLastPos      = 0;
    fNullable     = FALSE;
    fLookAheadEnd = FALSE;
    fRuleRoot     = FALSE;
    fChainIn      = FALSE;
    fVal          = 0;
    fPrecedence   = precZero;

    UErrorCode     status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    fFirstPosSet  = new UVector(status);  // TODO - get a real status from somewhere
    fLastPosSet   = new UVector(status);
    fFollowPos    = new UVector(status);
    if      (t==opCat)    {fPrecedence = precOpCat;}
    else if (t==opOr)     {fPrecedence = precOpOr;}
    else if (t==opStart)  {fPrecedence = precStart;}
    else if (t==opLParen) {fPrecedence = precLParen;}

}


RBBINode::RBBINode(const RBBINode &other) : UMemory(other) {
#ifdef RBBI_DEBUG
    fSerialNum   = ++gLastSerial;
#endif
    fType        = other.fType;
    fParent      = NULL;
    fLeftChild   = NULL;
    fRightChild  = NULL;
    fInputSet    = other.fInputSet;
    fPrecedence  = other.fPrecedence;
    fText        = other.fText;
    fFirstPos    = other.fFirstPos;
    fLastPos     = other.fLastPos;
    fNullable    = other.fNullable;
    fVal         = other.fVal;
    fRuleRoot    = FALSE;
    fChainIn     = other.fChainIn;
    UErrorCode     status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    fFirstPosSet = new UVector(status);   // TODO - get a real status from somewhere
    fLastPosSet  = new UVector(status);
    fFollowPos   = new UVector(status);
}


//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//    Destructor.   Deletes both this node AND any child nodes,
//                  except in the case of variable reference nodes.  For
//                  these, the l. child points back to the definition, which
//                  is common for all references to the variable, meaning
//                  it can't be deleted here.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
RBBINode::~RBBINode() {
    // printf("deleting node %8x   serial %4d\n", this, this->fSerialNum);
    delete fInputSet;
    fInputSet = NULL;

    switch (this->fType) {
    case varRef:
    case setRef:
        // for these node types, multiple instances point to the same "children"
        // Storage ownership of children handled elsewhere.  Don't delete here.
        break;

    default:
        delete        fLeftChild;
        fLeftChild =   NULL;
        delete        fRightChild;
        fRightChild = NULL;
    }


    delete fFirstPosSet;
    delete fLastPosSet;
    delete fFollowPos;

}


//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//    cloneTree     Make a copy of the subtree rooted at this node.
//                  Discard any variable references encountered along the way,
//                  and replace with copies of the variable's definitions.
//                  Used to replicate the expression underneath variable
//                  references in preparation for generating the DFA tables.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
RBBINode *RBBINode::cloneTree() {
    RBBINode    *n;

    if (fType == RBBINode::varRef) {
        // If the current node is a variable reference, skip over it
        //   and clone the definition of the variable instead.
        n = fLeftChild->cloneTree();
    } else if (fType == RBBINode::uset) {
        n = this;
    } else {
        n = new RBBINode(*this);
        // Check for null pointer.
        if (n != NULL) {
            if (fLeftChild != NULL) {
                n->fLeftChild          = fLeftChild->cloneTree();
                n->fLeftChild->fParent = n;
            }
            if (fRightChild != NULL) {
                n->fRightChild          = fRightChild->cloneTree();
                n->fRightChild->fParent = n;
            }
        }
    }
    return n;
}



//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//   flattenVariables   Walk a parse tree, replacing any variable
//                      references with a copy of the variable's definition.
//                      Aside from variables, the tree is not changed.
//
//                      Return the root of the tree.  If the root was not a variable
//                      reference, it remains unchanged - the root we started with
//                      is the root we return.  If, however, the root was a variable
//                      reference, the root of the newly cloned replacement tree will
//                      be returned, and the original tree deleted.
//
//                      This function works by recursively walking the tree
//                      without doing anything until a variable reference is
//                      found, then calling cloneTree() at that point.  Any
//                      nested references are handled by cloneTree(), not here.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
RBBINode *RBBINode::flattenVariables() {
    if (fType == varRef) {
        RBBINode *retNode  = fLeftChild->cloneTree();
        if (retNode != NULL) {
            retNode->fRuleRoot = this->fRuleRoot;
            retNode->fChainIn  = this->fChainIn;
        }
        delete this;   // TODO: undefined behavior. Fix.
        return retNode;
    }

    if (fLeftChild != NULL) {
        fLeftChild = fLeftChild->flattenVariables();
        fLeftChild->fParent  = this;
    }
    if (fRightChild != NULL) {
        fRightChild = fRightChild->flattenVariables();
        fRightChild->fParent = this;
    }
    return this;
}


//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//  flattenSets    Walk the parse tree, replacing any nodes of type setRef
//                 with a copy of the expression tree for the set.  A set's
//                 equivalent expression tree is precomputed and saved as
//                 the left child of the uset node.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
void RBBINode::flattenSets() {
    U_ASSERT(fType != setRef);

    if (fLeftChild != NULL) {
        if (fLeftChild->fType==setRef) {
            RBBINode *setRefNode = fLeftChild;
            RBBINode *usetNode   = setRefNode->fLeftChild;
            RBBINode *replTree   = usetNode->fLeftChild;
            fLeftChild           = replTree->cloneTree();
            fLeftChild->fParent  = this;
            delete setRefNode;
        } else {
            fLeftChild->flattenSets();
        }
    }

    if (fRightChild != NULL) {
        if (fRightChild->fType==setRef) {
            RBBINode *setRefNode = fRightChild;
            RBBINode *usetNode   = setRefNode->fLeftChild;
            RBBINode *replTree   = usetNode->fLeftChild;
            fRightChild           = replTree->cloneTree();
            fRightChild->fParent  = this;
            delete setRefNode;
        } else {
            fRightChild->flattenSets();
        }
    }
}



//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//   findNodes()     Locate all the nodes of the specified type, starting
//                   at the specified root.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
void   RBBINode::findNodes(UVector *dest, RBBINode::NodeType kind, UErrorCode &status) {
    /* test for buffer overflows */
    if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
        return;
    }
    if (fType == kind) {
        dest->addElement(this, status);
    }
    if (fLeftChild != NULL) {
        fLeftChild->findNodes(dest, kind, status);
    }
    if (fRightChild != NULL) {
        fRightChild->findNodes(dest, kind, status);
    }
}


//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//    print.         Print out a single node, for debugging.
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#ifdef RBBI_DEBUG

static int32_t serial(const RBBINode *node) {
    return (node == NULL? -1 : node->fSerialNum);
}


void RBBINode::printNode(const RBBINode *node) {
    static const char * const nodeTypeNames[] = {
                "setRef",
                "uset",
                "varRef",
                "leafChar",
                "lookAhead",
                "tag",
                "endMark",
                "opStart",
                "opCat",
                "opOr",
                "opStar",
                "opPlus",
                "opQuestion",
                "opBreak",
                "opReverse",
                "opLParen"
    };

    if (node==NULL) {
        RBBIDebugPrintf("%10p", (void *)node);
    } else {
        RBBIDebugPrintf("%10p %5d %12s %c%c  %5d       %5d     %5d       %6d     %d ",
            (void *)node, node->fSerialNum, nodeTypeNames[node->fType],
            node->fRuleRoot?'R':' ', node->fChainIn?'C':' ',
            serial(node->fLeftChild), serial(node->fRightChild), serial(node->fParent),
            node->fFirstPos, node->fVal);
        if (node->fType == varRef) {
            RBBI_DEBUG_printUnicodeString(node->fText);
        }
    }
    RBBIDebugPrintf("\n");
}
#endif


#ifdef RBBI_DEBUG
U_CFUNC void RBBI_DEBUG_printUnicodeString(const UnicodeString &s, int minWidth) {
    RBBIDebugPrintf("%*s", minWidth, CStr(s)());
}
#endif


//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
//    print.         Print out the tree of nodes rooted at "this"
//
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------
#ifdef RBBI_DEBUG
void RBBINode::printNodeHeader() {
    RBBIDebugPrintf(" Address   serial        type     LeftChild  RightChild   Parent   position value\n");
}
    
void RBBINode::printTree(const RBBINode *node, UBool printHeading) {
    if (printHeading) {
        printNodeHeader();
    }
    printNode(node);
    if (node != NULL) {
        // Only dump the definition under a variable reference if asked to.
        // Unconditinally dump children of all other node types.
        if (node->fType != varRef) {
            if (node->fLeftChild != NULL) {
                printTree(node->fLeftChild, FALSE);
            }
            
            if (node->fRightChild != NULL) {
                printTree(node->fRightChild, FALSE);
            }
        }
    }
}
#endif



U_NAMESPACE_END

#endif /* #if !UCONFIG_NO_BREAK_ITERATION */