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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef nsProxyRelease_h__
#define nsProxyRelease_h__

#include "nsIEventTarget.h"
#include "nsIThread.h"
#include "nsCOMPtr.h"
#include "nsAutoPtr.h"
#include "MainThreadUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/Likely.h"

#ifdef XPCOM_GLUE_AVOID_NSPR
#error NS_ProxyRelease implementation depends on NSPR.
#endif

/**
 * Ensure that a nsCOMPtr is released on the target thread.
 *
 * @see NS_ProxyRelease(nsIEventTarget*, nsISupports*, bool)
 */
template<class T>
inline NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult)
NS_ProxyRelease(nsIEventTarget* aTarget, nsCOMPtr<T>& aDoomed,
                bool aAlwaysProxy = false)
{
  T* raw = nullptr;
  aDoomed.swap(raw);
  return NS_ProxyRelease(aTarget, raw, aAlwaysProxy);
}

/**
 * Ensure that a nsRefPtr is released on the target thread.
 *
 * @see NS_ProxyRelease(nsIEventTarget*, nsISupports*, bool)
 */
template<class T>
inline NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult)
NS_ProxyRelease(nsIEventTarget* aTarget, RefPtr<T>& aDoomed,
                bool aAlwaysProxy = false)
{
  T* raw = nullptr;
  aDoomed.swap(raw);
  return NS_ProxyRelease(aTarget, raw, aAlwaysProxy);
}

/**
 * Ensures that the delete of a nsISupports object occurs on the target thread.
 *
 * @param aTarget
 *        the target thread where the doomed object should be released.
 * @param aDoomed
 *        the doomed object; the object to be released on the target thread.
 * @param aAlwaysProxy
 *        normally, if NS_ProxyRelease is called on the target thread, then the
 *        doomed object will be released directly. However, if this parameter is
 *        true, then an event will always be posted to the target thread for
 *        asynchronous release.
 */
nsresult
NS_ProxyRelease(nsIEventTarget* aTarget, nsISupports* aDoomed,
                bool aAlwaysProxy = false);

/**
 * Ensure that a nsCOMPtr is released on the main thread.
 *
 * @see NS_ReleaseOnMainThread( nsISupports*, bool)
 */
template<class T>
inline NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult)
NS_ReleaseOnMainThread(nsCOMPtr<T>& aDoomed,
                       bool aAlwaysProxy = false)
{
  T* raw = nullptr;
  aDoomed.swap(raw);
  return NS_ReleaseOnMainThread(raw, aAlwaysProxy);
}

/**
 * Ensure that a nsRefPtr is released on the main thread.
 *
 * @see NS_ReleaseOnMainThread(nsISupports*, bool)
 */
template<class T>
inline NS_HIDDEN_(nsresult)
NS_ReleaseOnMainThread(RefPtr<T>& aDoomed,
                       bool aAlwaysProxy = false)
{
  T* raw = nullptr;
  aDoomed.swap(raw);
  return NS_ReleaseOnMainThread(raw, aAlwaysProxy);
}

/**
 * Ensures that the delete of a nsISupports object occurs on the main thread.
 *
 * @param aDoomed
 *        the doomed object; the object to be released on the main thread.
 * @param aAlwaysProxy
 *        normally, if NS_ReleaseOnMainThread is called on the main thread,
 *        then the doomed object will be released directly. However, if this
 *        parameter is true, then an event will always be posted to the main
 *        thread for asynchronous release.
 */
inline nsresult
NS_ReleaseOnMainThread(nsISupports* aDoomed,
                       bool aAlwaysProxy = false)
{
  // NS_ProxyRelease treats a null event target as "the current thread".  So a
  // handle on the main thread is only necessary when we're not already on the
  // main thread or the release must happen asynchronously.
  nsCOMPtr<nsIThread> mainThread;
  if (!NS_IsMainThread() || aAlwaysProxy) {
    NS_GetMainThread(getter_AddRefs(mainThread));
  }

  return NS_ProxyRelease(mainThread, aDoomed, aAlwaysProxy);
}

/**
 * Class to safely handle main-thread-only pointers off the main thread.
 *
 * Classes like XPCWrappedJS are main-thread-only, which means that it is
 * forbidden to call methods on instances of these classes off the main thread.
 * For various reasons (see bug 771074), this restriction recently began to
 * apply to AddRef/Release as well.
 *
 * This presents a problem for consumers that wish to hold a callback alive
 * on non-main-thread code. A common example of this is the proxy callback
 * pattern, where non-main-thread code holds a strong-reference to the callback
 * object, and dispatches new Runnables (also with a strong reference) to the
 * main thread in order to execute the callback. This involves several AddRef
 * and Release calls on the other thread, which is (now) verboten.
 *
 * The basic idea of this class is to introduce a layer of indirection.
 * nsMainThreadPtrHolder is a threadsafe reference-counted class that internally
 * maintains one strong reference to the main-thread-only object. It must be
 * instantiated on the main thread (so that the AddRef of the underlying object
 * happens on the main thread), but consumers may subsequently pass references
 * to the holder anywhere they please. These references are meant to be opaque
 * when accessed off-main-thread (assertions enforce this).
 *
 * The semantics of RefPtr<nsMainThreadPtrHolder<T> > would be cumbersome, so
 * we also introduce nsMainThreadPtrHandle<T>, which is conceptually identical
 * to the above (though it includes various convenience methods). The basic
 * pattern is as follows.
 *
 * // On the main thread:
 * nsCOMPtr<nsIFooCallback> callback = ...;
 * nsMainThreadPtrHandle<nsIFooCallback> callbackHandle =
 *   new nsMainThreadPtrHolder<nsIFooCallback>(callback);
 * // Pass callbackHandle to structs/classes that might be accessed on other
 * // threads.
 *
 * All structs and classes that might be accessed on other threads should store
 * an nsMainThreadPtrHandle<T> rather than an nsCOMPtr<T>.
 */
template<class T>
class nsMainThreadPtrHolder final
{
public:
  // We can only acquire a pointer on the main thread. We to fail fast for
  // threading bugs, so by default we assert if our pointer is used or acquired
  // off-main-thread. But some consumers need to use the same pointer for
  // multiple classes, some of which are main-thread-only and some of which
  // aren't. So we allow them to explicitly disable this strict checking.
  explicit nsMainThreadPtrHolder(T* aPtr, bool aStrict = true)
    : mRawPtr(nullptr)
    , mStrict(aStrict)
  {
    // We can only AddRef our pointer on the main thread, which means that the
    // holder must be constructed on the main thread.
    MOZ_ASSERT(!mStrict || NS_IsMainThread());
    NS_IF_ADDREF(mRawPtr = aPtr);
  }

private:
  // We can be released on any thread.
  ~nsMainThreadPtrHolder()
  {
    if (NS_IsMainThread()) {
      NS_IF_RELEASE(mRawPtr);
    } else if (mRawPtr) {
      nsCOMPtr<nsIThread> mainThread;
      NS_GetMainThread(getter_AddRefs(mainThread));
      if (!mainThread) {
        NS_WARNING("Couldn't get main thread! Leaking pointer.");
        return;
      }
      NS_ProxyRelease(mainThread, mRawPtr);
    }
  }

public:
  T* get()
  {
    // Nobody should be touching the raw pointer off-main-thread.
    if (mStrict && MOZ_UNLIKELY(!NS_IsMainThread())) {
      NS_ERROR("Can't dereference nsMainThreadPtrHolder off main thread");
      MOZ_CRASH();
    }
    return mRawPtr;
  }

  bool operator==(const nsMainThreadPtrHolder<T>& aOther) const
  {
    return mRawPtr == aOther.mRawPtr;
  }
  bool operator!() const
  {
    return !mRawPtr;
  }

  NS_INLINE_DECL_THREADSAFE_REFCOUNTING(nsMainThreadPtrHolder<T>)

private:
  // Our wrapped pointer.
  T* mRawPtr;

  // Whether to strictly enforce thread invariants in this class.
  bool mStrict;

  // Copy constructor and operator= not implemented. Once constructed, the
  // holder is immutable.
  T& operator=(nsMainThreadPtrHolder& aOther);
  nsMainThreadPtrHolder(const nsMainThreadPtrHolder& aOther);
};

template<class T>
class nsMainThreadPtrHandle
{
  RefPtr<nsMainThreadPtrHolder<T>> mPtr;

public:
  nsMainThreadPtrHandle() : mPtr(nullptr) {}
  explicit nsMainThreadPtrHandle(nsMainThreadPtrHolder<T>* aHolder)
    : mPtr(aHolder)
  {
  }
  nsMainThreadPtrHandle(const nsMainThreadPtrHandle& aOther)
    : mPtr(aOther.mPtr)
  {
  }
  nsMainThreadPtrHandle& operator=(const nsMainThreadPtrHandle& aOther)
  {
    mPtr = aOther.mPtr;
    return *this;
  }
  nsMainThreadPtrHandle& operator=(nsMainThreadPtrHolder<T>* aHolder)
  {
    mPtr = aHolder;
    return *this;
  }

  // These all call through to nsMainThreadPtrHolder, and thus implicitly
  // assert that we're on the main thread. Off-main-thread consumers must treat
  // these handles as opaque.
  T* get()
  {
    if (mPtr) {
      return mPtr.get()->get();
    }
    return nullptr;
  }
  const T* get() const
  {
    if (mPtr) {
      return mPtr.get()->get();
    }
    return nullptr;
  }

  operator T*() { return get(); }
  T* operator->() MOZ_NO_ADDREF_RELEASE_ON_RETURN { return get(); }

  // These are safe to call on other threads with appropriate external locking.
  bool operator==(const nsMainThreadPtrHandle<T>& aOther) const
  {
    if (!mPtr || !aOther.mPtr) {
      return mPtr == aOther.mPtr;
    }
    return *mPtr == *aOther.mPtr;
  }
  bool operator!() const {
    return !mPtr || !*mPtr;
  }
};

#endif