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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim:set ts=2 sw=2 sts=2 et cindent: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#ifndef VideoUtils_h
#define VideoUtils_h

#include "mozilla/Attributes.h"
#include "mozilla/ReentrantMonitor.h"
#include "mozilla/CheckedInt.h"
#include "nsIThread.h"

#if !(defined(XP_WIN) || defined(XP_MACOSX) || defined(LINUX)) || \
    defined(MOZ_ASAN)
// For MEDIA_THREAD_STACK_SIZE
#include "nsIThreadManager.h"
#endif
#include "nsThreadUtils.h"
#include "prtime.h"
#include "AudioSampleFormat.h"
#include "mozilla/RefPtr.h"

using mozilla::CheckedInt64;
using mozilla::CheckedUint64;
using mozilla::CheckedInt32;
using mozilla::CheckedUint32;

struct nsIntSize;
struct nsIntRect;

// This file contains stuff we'd rather put elsewhere, but which is
// dependent on other changes which we don't want to wait for. We plan to
// remove this file in the near future.


// This belongs in xpcom/monitor/Monitor.h, once we've made
// mozilla::Monitor non-reentrant.
namespace mozilla {

/**
 * ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter
 *
 * Enters the supplied monitor only if the conditional value |aEnter| is true.
 * E.g. Used to allow unmonitored read access on the decode thread,
 * and monitored access on all other threads.
 */
class MOZ_STACK_CLASS ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter
{
public:
  ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter(bool aEnter,
                                     ReentrantMonitor &aReentrantMonitor) :
    mReentrantMonitor(nullptr)
  {
    MOZ_COUNT_CTOR(ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter);
    if (aEnter) {
      mReentrantMonitor = &aReentrantMonitor;
      NS_ASSERTION(mReentrantMonitor, "null monitor");
      mReentrantMonitor->Enter();
    }
  }
  ~ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter(void)
  {
    if (mReentrantMonitor) {
      mReentrantMonitor->Exit();
    }
    MOZ_COUNT_DTOR(ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter);
  }
private:
  // Restrict to constructor and destructor defined above.
  ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter();
  ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter(const ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter&);
  ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter& operator =(const ReentrantMonitorConditionallyEnter&);
  static void* operator new(size_t) CPP_THROW_NEW;
  static void operator delete(void*);

  ReentrantMonitor* mReentrantMonitor;
};

// Shuts down a thread asynchronously.
class ShutdownThreadEvent : public nsRunnable
{
public:
  explicit ShutdownThreadEvent(nsIThread* aThread) : mThread(aThread) {}
  ~ShutdownThreadEvent() {}
  NS_IMETHOD Run() MOZ_OVERRIDE {
    mThread->Shutdown();
    mThread = nullptr;
    return NS_OK;
  }
private:
  nsCOMPtr<nsIThread> mThread;
};

template<class T>
class DeleteObjectTask: public nsRunnable {
public:
  explicit DeleteObjectTask(nsAutoPtr<T>& aObject)
    : mObject(aObject)
  {
  }
  NS_IMETHOD Run() {
    NS_ASSERTION(NS_IsMainThread(), "Must be on main thread.");
    mObject = nullptr;
    return NS_OK;
  }
private:
  nsAutoPtr<T> mObject;
};

template<class T>
void DeleteOnMainThread(nsAutoPtr<T>& aObject) {
  NS_DispatchToMainThread(new DeleteObjectTask<T>(aObject));
}

class MediaResource;

namespace dom {
class TimeRanges;
}

// Estimates the buffered ranges of a MediaResource using a simple
// (byteOffset/length)*duration method. Probably inaccurate, but won't
// do file I/O, and can be used when we don't have detailed knowledge
// of the byte->time mapping of a resource. aDurationUsecs is the duration
// of the media in microseconds. Estimated buffered ranges are stored in
// aOutBuffered. Ranges are 0-normalized, i.e. in the range of (0,duration].
void GetEstimatedBufferedTimeRanges(mozilla::MediaResource* aStream,
                                    int64_t aDurationUsecs,
                                    mozilla::dom::TimeRanges* aOutBuffered);

// Converts from number of audio frames (aFrames) to microseconds, given
// the specified audio rate (aRate). Stores result in aOutUsecs. Returns true
// if the operation succeeded, or false if there was an integer overflow
// while calulating the conversion.
CheckedInt64 FramesToUsecs(int64_t aFrames, uint32_t aRate);

// Converts from microseconds (aUsecs) to number of audio frames, given the
// specified audio rate (aRate). Stores the result in aOutFrames. Returns
// true if the operation succeeded, or false if there was an integer
// overflow while calulating the conversion.
CheckedInt64 UsecsToFrames(int64_t aUsecs, uint32_t aRate);

// Number of microseconds per second. 1e6.
static const int64_t USECS_PER_S = 1000000;

// Number of microseconds per millisecond.
static const int64_t USECS_PER_MS = 1000;

// Converts seconds to milliseconds.
#define MS_TO_SECONDS(s) ((double)(s) / (PR_MSEC_PER_SEC))

// Converts from seconds to microseconds. Returns failure if the resulting
// integer is too big to fit in an int64_t.
nsresult SecondsToUsecs(double aSeconds, int64_t& aOutUsecs);

// The maximum height and width of the video. Used for
// sanitizing the memory allocation of the RGB buffer.
// The maximum resolution we anticipate encountering in the
// wild is 2160p - 3840x2160 pixels.
static const int32_t MAX_VIDEO_WIDTH = 4000;
static const int32_t MAX_VIDEO_HEIGHT = 3000;

// Scales the display rect aDisplay by aspect ratio aAspectRatio.
// Note that aDisplay must be validated by IsValidVideoRegion()
// before being used!
void ScaleDisplayByAspectRatio(nsIntSize& aDisplay, float aAspectRatio);

// The amount of virtual memory reserved for thread stacks.
#if defined(MOZ_ASAN)
// Use the system default in ASAN builds, because the default is assumed to be
// larger than the size we want to use and is hopefully sufficient for ASAN.
#define MEDIA_THREAD_STACK_SIZE nsIThreadManager::DEFAULT_STACK_SIZE
#elif defined(XP_WIN) || defined(XP_MACOSX) || defined(LINUX)
#define MEDIA_THREAD_STACK_SIZE (256 * 1024)
#else
// All other platforms use their system defaults.
#define MEDIA_THREAD_STACK_SIZE nsIThreadManager::DEFAULT_STACK_SIZE
#endif

// Downmix multichannel Audio samples to Stereo.
// Input are the buffer contains multichannel data,
// the number of channels and the number of frames.
int DownmixAudioToStereo(mozilla::AudioDataValue* buffer,
                         int channels,
                         uint32_t frames);

bool IsVideoContentType(const nsCString& aContentType);

// Returns true if it's safe to use aPicture as the picture to be
// extracted inside a frame of size aFrame, and scaled up to and displayed
// at a size of aDisplay. You should validate the frame, picture, and
// display regions before using them to display video frames.
bool IsValidVideoRegion(const nsIntSize& aFrame, const nsIntRect& aPicture,
                        const nsIntSize& aDisplay);

// Template to automatically set a variable to a value on scope exit.
// Useful for unsetting flags, etc.
template<typename T>
class AutoSetOnScopeExit {
public:
  AutoSetOnScopeExit(T& aVar, T aValue)
    : mVar(aVar)
    , mValue(aValue)
  {}
  ~AutoSetOnScopeExit() {
    mVar = mValue;
  }
private:
  T& mVar;
  const T mValue;
};

class SharedThreadPool;

// Returns the thread pool that is shared amongst all decoder state machines
// for decoding streams.
TemporaryRef<SharedThreadPool> GetMediaDecodeThreadPool();

enum H264_PROFILE {
  H264_PROFILE_UNKNOWN                     = 0,
  H264_PROFILE_BASE                        = 0x42,
  H264_PROFILE_MAIN                        = 0x4D,
  H264_PROFILE_EXTENDED                    = 0x58,
  H264_PROFILE_HIGH                        = 0x64,
};

enum H264_LEVEL {
    H264_LEVEL_1         = 10,
    H264_LEVEL_1_b       = 11,
    H264_LEVEL_1_1       = 11,
    H264_LEVEL_1_2       = 12,
    H264_LEVEL_1_3       = 13,
    H264_LEVEL_2         = 20,
    H264_LEVEL_2_1       = 21,
    H264_LEVEL_2_2       = 22,
    H264_LEVEL_3         = 30,
    H264_LEVEL_3_1       = 31,
    H264_LEVEL_3_2       = 32,
    H264_LEVEL_4         = 40,
    H264_LEVEL_4_1       = 41,
    H264_LEVEL_4_2       = 42,
    H264_LEVEL_5         = 50,
    H264_LEVEL_5_1       = 51,
    H264_LEVEL_5_2       = 52
};

// Extracts the H.264/AVC profile and level from an H.264 codecs string.
// H.264 codecs parameters have a type defined as avc1.PPCCLL, where
// PP = profile_idc, CC = constraint_set flags, LL = level_idc.
// See http://blog.pearce.org.nz/2013/11/what-does-h264avc1-codecs-parameters.html
// for more details.
// Returns false on failure.
bool
ExtractH264CodecDetails(const nsAString& aCodecs,
                        int16_t& aProfile,
                        int16_t& aLevel);

// Use a cryptographic quality PRNG to generate raw random bytes
// and convert that to a base64 string suitable for use as a file or URL
// path. This is based on code from nsExternalAppHandler::SetUpTempFile.
nsresult
GenerateRandomPathName(nsCString& aOutSalt, uint32_t aLength);

class MediaTaskQueue;
class FlushableMediaTaskQueue;

already_AddRefed<MediaTaskQueue>
CreateMediaDecodeTaskQueue();

already_AddRefed<FlushableMediaTaskQueue>
CreateFlushableMediaDecodeTaskQueue();

} // end namespace mozilla

#endif