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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "nsISupports.idl"

/**
 * URIs are essentially structured names for things -- anything. This interface
 * provides accessors to set and query the most basic components of an URI.
 * Subclasses, including nsIURL, impose greater structure on the URI.
 *
 * This interface follows Tim Berners-Lee's URI spec (RFC3986) [1], where the
 * basic URI components are defined as such:
 * <pre>
 *      ftp://username:password@hostname:portnumber/pathname?query#ref
 *      \ /   \               / \      / \        /\       / \   / \ /
 *       -     ---------------   ------   --------  -------   ---   -
 *       |            |             |        |         |       |    |
 *       |            |             |        |      FilePath Query Ref
 *       |            |             |       Port       \            /
 *       |            |            Host      /          ------------
 *       |         UserPass                 /	              |
 *     Scheme                              /	             Path
 *       \                                /
 *        --------------------------------
 *                       |
 *                    PrePath
 * </pre>
 * The definition of the URI components has been extended to allow for
 * internationalized domain names [2] and the more generic IRI structure [3].
 *
 * [1] https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986
 * [2] https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5890
 * [3] https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3987
 */

%{C++
#include "nsStringGlue.h"

#undef GetPort  // XXX Windows!
#undef SetPort  // XXX Windows!
%}

/**
 * nsIURI - interface for an uniform resource identifier w/ i18n support.
 *
 * AUTF8String attributes may contain unescaped UTF-8 characters.
 * Consumers should be careful to escape the UTF-8 strings as necessary, but
 * should always try to "display" the UTF-8 version as provided by this
 * interface.
 *
 * AUTF8String attributes may also contain escaped characters.
 * 
 * Unescaping URI segments is unadvised unless there is intimate
 * knowledge of the underlying charset or there is no plan to display (or
 * otherwise enforce a charset on) the resulting URI substring.
 *
 * The correct way to create an nsIURI from a string is via
 * nsIIOService.newURI.
 *
 * NOTE: nsBinaryInputStream::ReadObject contains a hackaround to intercept the
 * old (pre-gecko6) nsIURI IID and swap in the current IID instead, in order
 * for sessionstore to work after an upgrade.  If this IID is revved further,
 * we will need to add additional checks there for all intermediate IIDs, until
 * nsPrincipal is fixed to serialize its URIs as nsISupports (bug 662693).
 */
[scriptable, uuid(92073a54-6d78-4f30-913a-b871813208c6)]
interface nsIURI : nsISupports
{
    /************************************************************************
     * The URI is broken down into the following principal components:
     */

    /**
     * Returns a string representation of the URI. Setting the spec causes
     * the new spec to be parsed per the rules for the scheme the URI
     * currently has.  In particular, setting the spec to a URI string with a
     * different scheme will generally produce incorrect results; no one
     * outside of a protocol handler implementation should be doing that.  If
     * the URI stores information from the nsIIOService.newURI call used to
     * create it other than just the parsed string, then behavior of this
     * information on setting the spec attribute is undefined.
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String spec;

%{ C++
    // An infallible wrapper for GetSpec() that returns a failure indication
    // string if GetSpec() fails. It is most useful for creating
    // logging/warning/error messages produced for human consumption, and when
    // matching a URI spec against a fixed spec such as about:blank.
    nsCString GetSpecOrDefault()
    {
        nsCString spec;
        nsresult rv = GetSpec(spec);
        if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
            spec.Assign("[nsIURI::GetSpec failed]");
        }
        return spec;
    }
%}

    /**
     * The prePath (eg. scheme://user:password@host:port) returns the string
     * before the path.  This is useful for authentication or managing sessions.
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    readonly attribute AUTF8String prePath;

    /**
     * The Scheme is the protocol to which this URI refers.  The scheme is
     * restricted to the US-ASCII charset per RFC3986.  Setting this is
     * highly discouraged outside of a protocol handler implementation, since
     * that will generally lead to incorrect results.
     */
    attribute ACString scheme;

    /**
     * The username:password (or username only if value doesn't contain a ':')
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String userPass;

    /**
     * The optional username and password, assuming the preHost consists of
     * username:password.
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String username;
    attribute AUTF8String password;

    /**
     * The host:port (or simply the host, if port == -1).
     *
     * If this attribute is set to a value that only has a host part, the port
     * will not be reset. To reset the port as well use setHostAndPort.
     *
     * Characters are NOT escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String hostPort;

    /**
     * This function will always set a host and a port. If the port part is
     * empty, the value of the port will be set to the default value.
     */
    void setHostAndPort(in AUTF8String hostport);

    /**
     * The host is the internet domain name to which this URI refers.  It could
     * be an IPv4 (or IPv6) address literal.  If supported, it could be a
     * non-ASCII internationalized domain name.
     *
     * Characters are NOT escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String host;

    /**
     * A port value of -1 corresponds to the protocol's default port (eg. -1
     * implies port 80 for http URIs).
     */
    attribute long port;

    /**
     * The path, typically including at least a leading '/' (but may also be
     * empty, depending on the protocol).
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     *
     * This attribute contains query and ref parts for historical reasons.
     * Use the 'filePath' attribute if you do not want those parts included.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String path;


    /************************************************************************
     * An URI supports the following methods:
     */

    /**
     * URI equivalence test (not a strict string comparison).
     *
     * eg. http://foo.com:80/ == http://foo.com/
     */
    boolean equals(in nsIURI other);

    /**
     * An optimization to do scheme checks without requiring the users of nsIURI
     * to GetScheme, thereby saving extra allocating and freeing. Returns true if
     * the schemes match (case ignored).
     */
    boolean schemeIs(in string scheme);

    /**
     * Clones the current URI.
     */
    nsIURI clone();

    /**
     * This method resolves a relative string into an absolute URI string,
     * using this URI as the base. 
     *
     * NOTE: some implementations may have no concept of a relative URI.
     */
    AUTF8String resolve(in AUTF8String relativePath);


    /************************************************************************
     * Additional attributes:
     */

    /**
     * The URI spec with an ASCII compatible encoding.  Host portion follows
     * the IDNA draft spec.  Other parts are URL-escaped per the rules of
     * RFC2396.  The result is strictly ASCII.
     */
    readonly attribute ACString asciiSpec;

    /**
     * The host:port (or simply the host, if port == -1), with an ASCII compatible
     * encoding.  Host portion follows the IDNA draft spec.  The result is strictly
     * ASCII.
     */
    readonly attribute ACString asciiHostPort;

    /**
     * The URI host with an ASCII compatible encoding.  Follows the IDNA
     * draft spec for converting internationalized domain names (UTF-8) to
     * ASCII for compatibility with existing internet infrasture.
     */
    readonly attribute ACString asciiHost;

    /**
     * The charset of the document from which this URI originated.  An empty
     * value implies UTF-8.
     *
     * If this value is something other than UTF-8 then the URI components
     * (e.g., spec, prePath, username, etc.) will all be fully URL-escaped.
     * Otherwise, the URI components may contain unescaped multibyte UTF-8
     * characters.
     */
    readonly attribute ACString originCharset;

    /************************************************************************
     * Additional attribute & methods added for .ref support:
     */

    /**
     * Returns the reference portion (the part after the "#") of the URI.
     * If there isn't one, an empty string is returned.
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String ref;

    /**
     * URI equivalence test (not a strict string comparison), ignoring
     * the value of the .ref member.
     *
     * eg. http://foo.com/# == http://foo.com/
     *     http://foo.com/#aaa == http://foo.com/#bbb
     */
    boolean equalsExceptRef(in nsIURI other);

    /**
     * Clones the current URI, clearing the 'ref' attribute in the clone.
     */
    nsIURI cloneIgnoringRef();

    /**
     * Clones the current URI, replacing the 'ref' attribute in the clone with
     * the ref supplied.
     */
    nsIURI cloneWithNewRef(in AUTF8String newRef);

    /**
     * returns a string for the current URI with the ref element cleared.
     */
    readonly attribute AUTF8String specIgnoringRef;

    /**
     * Returns if there is a reference portion (the part after the "#") of the URI.
     */
    readonly attribute boolean hasRef;

    /************************************************************************
     * Additional attributes added for .query support:
     */

    /**
     * Returns a path including the directory and file portions of a
     * URL.  For example, the filePath of "http://host/foo/bar.html#baz"
     * is "/foo/bar.html".
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String filePath;

    /**
     * Returns the query portion (the part after the "?") of the URL.
     * If there isn't one, an empty string is returned.
     *
     * Some characters may be escaped.
     */
    attribute AUTF8String query;
};