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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=2 sw=2 et tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "nsPrincipal.h"

#include "mozIThirdPartyUtil.h"
#include "nscore.h"
#include "nsScriptSecurityManager.h"
#include "nsString.h"
#include "nsReadableUtils.h"
#include "pratom.h"
#include "nsIURI.h"
#include "nsIURL.h"
#include "nsIStandardURL.h"
#include "nsIURIWithPrincipal.h"
#include "nsJSPrincipals.h"
#include "nsIEffectiveTLDService.h"
#include "nsIClassInfoImpl.h"
#include "nsIProtocolHandler.h"
#include "nsError.h"
#include "nsIContentSecurityPolicy.h"
#include "nsNetCID.h"
#include "jswrapper.h"

#include "mozilla/dom/nsCSPContext.h"
#include "mozilla/dom/ScriptSettings.h"
#include "mozilla/Preferences.h"
#include "mozilla/HashFunctions.h"

using namespace mozilla;

static bool gCodeBasePrincipalSupport = false;

static bool URIIsImmutable(nsIURI* aURI)
{
  nsCOMPtr<nsIMutable> mutableObj(do_QueryInterface(aURI));
  bool isMutable;
  return
    mutableObj &&
    NS_SUCCEEDED(mutableObj->GetMutable(&isMutable)) &&
    !isMutable;
}

NS_IMPL_CLASSINFO(nsPrincipal, nullptr, nsIClassInfo::MAIN_THREAD_ONLY,
                  NS_PRINCIPAL_CID)
NS_IMPL_QUERY_INTERFACE_CI(nsPrincipal,
                           nsIPrincipal,
                           nsISerializable)
NS_IMPL_CI_INTERFACE_GETTER(nsPrincipal,
                            nsIPrincipal,
                            nsISerializable)

// Called at startup:
/* static */ void
nsPrincipal::InitializeStatics()
{
  Preferences::AddBoolVarCache(&gCodeBasePrincipalSupport,
                               "signed.applets.codebase_principal_support",
                               false);
}

nsPrincipal::nsPrincipal()
  : mCodebaseImmutable(false)
  , mDomainImmutable(false)
  , mInitialized(false)
{ }

nsPrincipal::~nsPrincipal()
{
  // let's clear the principal within the csp to avoid a tangling pointer
  if (mCSP) {
    static_cast<nsCSPContext*>(mCSP.get())->clearLoadingPrincipal();
  }
}

nsresult
nsPrincipal::Init(nsIURI *aCodebase, const OriginAttributes& aOriginAttributes)
{
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(!mInitialized);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG(aCodebase);

  mInitialized = true;

  mCodebase = NS_TryToMakeImmutable(aCodebase);
  mCodebaseImmutable = URIIsImmutable(mCodebase);
  mOriginAttributes = aOriginAttributes;

  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
nsPrincipal::GetScriptLocation(nsACString &aStr)
{
  return mCodebase->GetSpec(aStr);
}

nsresult
nsPrincipal::GetOriginInternal(nsACString& aOrigin)
{
  if (!mCodebase) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> origin = NS_GetInnermostURI(mCodebase);
  if (!origin) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  nsresult rv;
// NB: This is only compiled for Thunderbird/Suite.
#if IS_ORIGIN_IS_FULL_SPEC_DEFINED
  bool fullSpec = false;
  rv = NS_URIChainHasFlags(origin, nsIProtocolHandler::ORIGIN_IS_FULL_SPEC, &fullSpec);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  if (fullSpec) {
    return origin->GetAsciiSpec(aOrigin);
  }
#endif

  nsAutoCString hostPort;

  // chrome: URLs don't have a meaningful origin, so make
  // sure we just get the full spec for them.
  // XXX this should be removed in favor of the solution in
  // bug 160042.
  bool isChrome;
  rv = origin->SchemeIs("chrome", &isChrome);
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv) && !isChrome) {
    rv = origin->GetAsciiHostPort(hostPort);
    // Some implementations return an empty string, treat it as no support
    // for asciiHost by that implementation.
    if (hostPort.IsEmpty()) {
      rv = NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
    }
  }

  // We want the invariant that prinA.origin == prinB.origin i.f.f.
  // prinA.equals(prinB). However, this requires that we impose certain constraints
  // on the behavior and origin semantics of principals, and in particular, forbid
  // creating origin strings for principals whose equality constraints are not
  // expressible as strings (i.e. object equality). Moreover, we want to forbid URIs
  // containing the magic "^" we use as a separating character for origin
  // attributes.
  //
  // These constraints can generally be achieved by restricting .origin to
  // nsIStandardURL-based URIs, but there are a few other URI schemes that we need
  // to handle.
  bool isBehaved;
  if ((NS_SUCCEEDED(origin->SchemeIs("about", &isBehaved)) && isBehaved) ||
      (NS_SUCCEEDED(origin->SchemeIs("moz-safe-about", &isBehaved)) && isBehaved) ||
      (NS_SUCCEEDED(origin->SchemeIs("indexeddb", &isBehaved)) && isBehaved)) {
    rv = origin->GetAsciiSpec(aOrigin);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    // These URIs could technically contain a '^', but they never should.
    if (NS_WARN_IF(aOrigin.FindChar('^', 0) != -1)) {
      aOrigin.Truncate();
      return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
    }
    return NS_OK;
  }

  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv) && !isChrome) {
    rv = origin->GetScheme(aOrigin);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
    aOrigin.AppendLiteral("://");
    aOrigin.Append(hostPort);
    return NS_OK;
  }

  // This URL can be a blobURL. In this case, we should use the 'parent'
  // principal instead.
  nsCOMPtr<nsIURIWithPrincipal> uriWithPrincipal = do_QueryInterface(origin);
  if (uriWithPrincipal) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsIPrincipal> uriPrincipal;
    rv = uriWithPrincipal->GetPrincipal(getter_AddRefs(uriPrincipal));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    if (uriPrincipal) {
      return uriPrincipal->GetOriginNoSuffix(aOrigin);
    }
  }

  // If we reached this branch, we can only create an origin if we have a
  // nsIStandardURL.  So, we query to a nsIStandardURL, and fail if we aren't
  // an instance of an nsIStandardURL nsIStandardURLs have the good property
  // of escaping the '^' character in their specs, which means that we can be
  // sure that the caret character (which is reserved for delimiting the end
  // of the spec, and the beginning of the origin attributes) is not present
  // in the origin string
  nsCOMPtr<nsIStandardURL> standardURL = do_QueryInterface(origin);
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(standardURL, NS_ERROR_FAILURE);

  rv = origin->GetAsciiSpec(aOrigin);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // The origin, when taken from the spec, should not contain the ref part of
  // the URL.

  int32_t pos = aOrigin.FindChar('?');
  int32_t hashPos = aOrigin.FindChar('#');

  if (hashPos != kNotFound && (pos == kNotFound || hashPos < pos)) {
    pos = hashPos;
  }

  if (pos != kNotFound) {
    aOrigin.Truncate(pos);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

bool
nsPrincipal::SubsumesInternal(nsIPrincipal* aOther,
                              BasePrincipal::DocumentDomainConsideration aConsideration)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(aOther);

  // For nsPrincipal, Subsumes is equivalent to Equals.
  if (aOther == this) {
    return true;
  }

  // If either the subject or the object has changed its principal by
  // explicitly setting document.domain then the other must also have
  // done so in order to be considered the same origin. This prevents
  // DNS spoofing based on document.domain (154930)
  nsresult rv;
  if (aConsideration == ConsiderDocumentDomain) {
    // Get .domain on each principal.
    nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> thisDomain, otherDomain;
    GetDomain(getter_AddRefs(thisDomain));
    aOther->GetDomain(getter_AddRefs(otherDomain));

    // If either has .domain set, we have equality i.f.f. the domains match.
    // Otherwise, we fall through to the non-document-domain-considering case.
    if (thisDomain || otherDomain) {
      return nsScriptSecurityManager::SecurityCompareURIs(thisDomain, otherDomain);
    }
  }

  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> otherURI;
  rv = aOther->GetURI(getter_AddRefs(otherURI));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, false);

  // Compare codebases.
  return nsScriptSecurityManager::SecurityCompareURIs(mCodebase, otherURI);
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::GetURI(nsIURI** aURI)
{
  if (mCodebaseImmutable) {
    NS_ADDREF(*aURI = mCodebase);
    return NS_OK;
  }

  if (!mCodebase) {
    *aURI = nullptr;
    return NS_OK;
  }

  return NS_EnsureSafeToReturn(mCodebase, aURI);
}

bool
nsPrincipal::MayLoadInternal(nsIURI* aURI)
{
  // See if aURI is something like a Blob URI that is actually associated with
  // a principal.
  nsCOMPtr<nsIURIWithPrincipal> uriWithPrin = do_QueryInterface(aURI);
  nsCOMPtr<nsIPrincipal> uriPrin;
  if (uriWithPrin) {
    uriWithPrin->GetPrincipal(getter_AddRefs(uriPrin));
  }
  if (uriPrin) {
    return nsIPrincipal::Subsumes(uriPrin);
  }

  // If this principal is associated with an addon, check whether that addon
  // has been given permission to load from this domain.
  if (AddonAllowsLoad(aURI)) {
    return true;
  }

  if (nsScriptSecurityManager::SecurityCompareURIs(mCodebase, aURI)) {
    return true;
  }

  // If strict file origin policy is in effect, local files will always fail
  // SecurityCompareURIs unless they are identical. Explicitly check file origin
  // policy, in that case.
  if (nsScriptSecurityManager::GetStrictFileOriginPolicy() &&
      NS_URIIsLocalFile(aURI) &&
      NS_RelaxStrictFileOriginPolicy(aURI, mCodebase)) {
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

void
nsPrincipal::SetURI(nsIURI* aURI)
{
  mCodebase = NS_TryToMakeImmutable(aURI);
  mCodebaseImmutable = URIIsImmutable(mCodebase);
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::GetHashValue(uint32_t* aValue)
{
  NS_PRECONDITION(mCodebase, "Need a codebase");

  *aValue = nsScriptSecurityManager::HashPrincipalByOrigin(this);
  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::GetDomain(nsIURI** aDomain)
{
  if (!mDomain) {
    *aDomain = nullptr;
    return NS_OK;
  }

  if (mDomainImmutable) {
    NS_ADDREF(*aDomain = mDomain);
    return NS_OK;
  }

  return NS_EnsureSafeToReturn(mDomain, aDomain);
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::SetDomain(nsIURI* aDomain)
{
  mDomain = NS_TryToMakeImmutable(aDomain);
  mDomainImmutable = URIIsImmutable(mDomain);

  // Recompute all wrappers between compartments using this principal and other
  // non-chrome compartments.
  AutoSafeJSContext cx;
  JSPrincipals *principals = nsJSPrincipals::get(static_cast<nsIPrincipal*>(this));
  bool success = js::RecomputeWrappers(cx, js::ContentCompartmentsOnly(),
                                       js::CompartmentsWithPrincipals(principals));
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(success, NS_ERROR_FAILURE);
  success = js::RecomputeWrappers(cx, js::CompartmentsWithPrincipals(principals),
                                  js::ContentCompartmentsOnly());
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(success, NS_ERROR_FAILURE);

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::GetBaseDomain(nsACString& aBaseDomain)
{
  // For a file URI, we return the file path.
  if (NS_URIIsLocalFile(mCodebase)) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsIURL> url = do_QueryInterface(mCodebase);

    if (url) {
      return url->GetFilePath(aBaseDomain);
    }
  }

  bool hasNoRelativeFlag;
  nsresult rv = NS_URIChainHasFlags(mCodebase,
                                    nsIProtocolHandler::URI_NORELATIVE,
                                    &hasNoRelativeFlag);
  if (NS_WARN_IF(NS_FAILED(rv))) {
    return rv;
  }

  if (hasNoRelativeFlag) {
    return mCodebase->GetSpec(aBaseDomain);
  }

  // For everything else, we ask the TLD service via
  // the ThirdPartyUtil.
  nsCOMPtr<mozIThirdPartyUtil> thirdPartyUtil =
    do_GetService(THIRDPARTYUTIL_CONTRACTID);
  if (thirdPartyUtil) {
    return thirdPartyUtil->GetBaseDomain(mCodebase, aBaseDomain);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::Read(nsIObjectInputStream* aStream)
{
  nsCOMPtr<nsISupports> supports;
  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> codebase;
  nsresult rv = NS_ReadOptionalObject(aStream, true, getter_AddRefs(supports));
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    return rv;
  }

  codebase = do_QueryInterface(supports);

  nsCOMPtr<nsIURI> domain;
  rv = NS_ReadOptionalObject(aStream, true, getter_AddRefs(supports));
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    return rv;
  }

  domain = do_QueryInterface(supports);

  nsAutoCString suffix;
  rv = aStream->ReadCString(suffix);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  OriginAttributes attrs;
  bool ok = attrs.PopulateFromSuffix(suffix);
  NS_ENSURE_TRUE(ok, NS_ERROR_FAILURE);

  rv = NS_ReadOptionalObject(aStream, true, getter_AddRefs(supports));
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  rv = Init(codebase, attrs);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  mCSP = do_QueryInterface(supports, &rv);
  // make sure setRequestContext is called after Init(),
  // to make sure  the principals URI been initalized.
  if (mCSP) {
    mCSP->SetRequestContext(nullptr, this);
  }

  SetDomain(domain);

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPrincipal::Write(nsIObjectOutputStream* aStream)
{
  NS_ENSURE_STATE(mCodebase);
  nsresult rv = NS_WriteOptionalCompoundObject(aStream, mCodebase, NS_GET_IID(nsIURI),
                                               true);
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    return rv;
  }

  rv = NS_WriteOptionalCompoundObject(aStream, mDomain, NS_GET_IID(nsIURI),
                                      true);
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    return rv;
  }

  nsAutoCString suffix;
  OriginAttributesRef().CreateSuffix(suffix);

  rv = aStream->WriteStringZ(suffix.get());
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  rv = NS_WriteOptionalCompoundObject(aStream, mCSP,
                                      NS_GET_IID(nsIContentSecurityPolicy),
                                      true);
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
    return rv;
  }

  // mCodebaseImmutable and mDomainImmutable will be recomputed based
  // on the deserialized URIs in Read().

  return NS_OK;
}