DXR is a code search and navigation tool aimed at making sense of large projects. It supports full-text and regex searches as well as structural queries.

Mercurial (3865bf230c49)

VCS Links

Line Code
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283
/*
 * jfdctint.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1991-1996, Thomas G. Lane.
 * This file is part of the Independent JPEG Group's software.
 * For conditions of distribution and use, see the accompanying README file.
 *
 * This file contains a slow-but-accurate integer implementation of the
 * forward DCT (Discrete Cosine Transform).
 *
 * A 2-D DCT can be done by 1-D DCT on each row followed by 1-D DCT
 * on each column.  Direct algorithms are also available, but they are
 * much more complex and seem not to be any faster when reduced to code.
 *
 * This implementation is based on an algorithm described in
 *   C. Loeffler, A. Ligtenberg and G. Moschytz, "Practical Fast 1-D DCT
 *   Algorithms with 11 Multiplications", Proc. Int'l. Conf. on Acoustics,
 *   Speech, and Signal Processing 1989 (ICASSP '89), pp. 988-991.
 * The primary algorithm described there uses 11 multiplies and 29 adds.
 * We use their alternate method with 12 multiplies and 32 adds.
 * The advantage of this method is that no data path contains more than one
 * multiplication; this allows a very simple and accurate implementation in
 * scaled fixed-point arithmetic, with a minimal number of shifts.
 */

#define JPEG_INTERNALS
#include "jinclude.h"
#include "jpeglib.h"
#include "jdct.h"		/* Private declarations for DCT subsystem */

#ifdef DCT_ISLOW_SUPPORTED


/*
 * This module is specialized to the case DCTSIZE = 8.
 */

#if DCTSIZE != 8
  Sorry, this code only copes with 8x8 DCTs. /* deliberate syntax err */
#endif


/*
 * The poop on this scaling stuff is as follows:
 *
 * Each 1-D DCT step produces outputs which are a factor of sqrt(N)
 * larger than the true DCT outputs.  The final outputs are therefore
 * a factor of N larger than desired; since N=8 this can be cured by
 * a simple right shift at the end of the algorithm.  The advantage of
 * this arrangement is that we save two multiplications per 1-D DCT,
 * because the y0 and y4 outputs need not be divided by sqrt(N).
 * In the IJG code, this factor of 8 is removed by the quantization step
 * (in jcdctmgr.c), NOT in this module.
 *
 * We have to do addition and subtraction of the integer inputs, which
 * is no problem, and multiplication by fractional constants, which is
 * a problem to do in integer arithmetic.  We multiply all the constants
 * by CONST_SCALE and convert them to integer constants (thus retaining
 * CONST_BITS bits of precision in the constants).  After doing a
 * multiplication we have to divide the product by CONST_SCALE, with proper
 * rounding, to produce the correct output.  This division can be done
 * cheaply as a right shift of CONST_BITS bits.  We postpone shifting
 * as long as possible so that partial sums can be added together with
 * full fractional precision.
 *
 * The outputs of the first pass are scaled up by PASS1_BITS bits so that
 * they are represented to better-than-integral precision.  These outputs
 * require BITS_IN_JSAMPLE + PASS1_BITS + 3 bits; this fits in a 16-bit word
 * with the recommended scaling.  (For 12-bit sample data, the intermediate
 * array is INT32 anyway.)
 *
 * To avoid overflow of the 32-bit intermediate results in pass 2, we must
 * have BITS_IN_JSAMPLE + CONST_BITS + PASS1_BITS <= 26.  Error analysis
 * shows that the values given below are the most effective.
 */

#if BITS_IN_JSAMPLE == 8
#define CONST_BITS  13
#define PASS1_BITS  2
#else
#define CONST_BITS  13
#define PASS1_BITS  1		/* lose a little precision to avoid overflow */
#endif

/* Some C compilers fail to reduce "FIX(constant)" at compile time, thus
 * causing a lot of useless floating-point operations at run time.
 * To get around this we use the following pre-calculated constants.
 * If you change CONST_BITS you may want to add appropriate values.
 * (With a reasonable C compiler, you can just rely on the FIX() macro...)
 */

#if CONST_BITS == 13
#define FIX_0_298631336  ((INT32)  2446)	/* FIX(0.298631336) */
#define FIX_0_390180644  ((INT32)  3196)	/* FIX(0.390180644) */
#define FIX_0_541196100  ((INT32)  4433)	/* FIX(0.541196100) */
#define FIX_0_765366865  ((INT32)  6270)	/* FIX(0.765366865) */
#define FIX_0_899976223  ((INT32)  7373)	/* FIX(0.899976223) */
#define FIX_1_175875602  ((INT32)  9633)	/* FIX(1.175875602) */
#define FIX_1_501321110  ((INT32)  12299)	/* FIX(1.501321110) */
#define FIX_1_847759065  ((INT32)  15137)	/* FIX(1.847759065) */
#define FIX_1_961570560  ((INT32)  16069)	/* FIX(1.961570560) */
#define FIX_2_053119869  ((INT32)  16819)	/* FIX(2.053119869) */
#define FIX_2_562915447  ((INT32)  20995)	/* FIX(2.562915447) */
#define FIX_3_072711026  ((INT32)  25172)	/* FIX(3.072711026) */
#else
#define FIX_0_298631336  FIX(0.298631336)
#define FIX_0_390180644  FIX(0.390180644)
#define FIX_0_541196100  FIX(0.541196100)
#define FIX_0_765366865  FIX(0.765366865)
#define FIX_0_899976223  FIX(0.899976223)
#define FIX_1_175875602  FIX(1.175875602)
#define FIX_1_501321110  FIX(1.501321110)
#define FIX_1_847759065  FIX(1.847759065)
#define FIX_1_961570560  FIX(1.961570560)
#define FIX_2_053119869  FIX(2.053119869)
#define FIX_2_562915447  FIX(2.562915447)
#define FIX_3_072711026  FIX(3.072711026)
#endif


/* Multiply an INT32 variable by an INT32 constant to yield an INT32 result.
 * For 8-bit samples with the recommended scaling, all the variable
 * and constant values involved are no more than 16 bits wide, so a
 * 16x16->32 bit multiply can be used instead of a full 32x32 multiply.
 * For 12-bit samples, a full 32-bit multiplication will be needed.
 */

#if BITS_IN_JSAMPLE == 8
#define MULTIPLY(var,const)  MULTIPLY16C16(var,const)
#else
#define MULTIPLY(var,const)  ((var) * (const))
#endif


/*
 * Perform the forward DCT on one block of samples.
 */

GLOBAL(void)
jpeg_fdct_islow (DCTELEM * data)
{
  INT32 tmp0, tmp1, tmp2, tmp3, tmp4, tmp5, tmp6, tmp7;
  INT32 tmp10, tmp11, tmp12, tmp13;
  INT32 z1, z2, z3, z4, z5;
  DCTELEM *dataptr;
  int ctr;
  SHIFT_TEMPS

  /* Pass 1: process rows. */
  /* Note results are scaled up by sqrt(8) compared to a true DCT; */
  /* furthermore, we scale the results by 2**PASS1_BITS. */

  dataptr = data;
  for (ctr = DCTSIZE-1; ctr >= 0; ctr--) {
    tmp0 = dataptr[0] + dataptr[7];
    tmp7 = dataptr[0] - dataptr[7];
    tmp1 = dataptr[1] + dataptr[6];
    tmp6 = dataptr[1] - dataptr[6];
    tmp2 = dataptr[2] + dataptr[5];
    tmp5 = dataptr[2] - dataptr[5];
    tmp3 = dataptr[3] + dataptr[4];
    tmp4 = dataptr[3] - dataptr[4];
    
    /* Even part per LL&M figure 1 --- note that published figure is faulty;
     * rotator "sqrt(2)*c1" should be "sqrt(2)*c6".
     */
    
    tmp10 = tmp0 + tmp3;
    tmp13 = tmp0 - tmp3;
    tmp11 = tmp1 + tmp2;
    tmp12 = tmp1 - tmp2;
    
    dataptr[0] = (DCTELEM) ((tmp10 + tmp11) << PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[4] = (DCTELEM) ((tmp10 - tmp11) << PASS1_BITS);
    
    z1 = MULTIPLY(tmp12 + tmp13, FIX_0_541196100);
    dataptr[2] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(z1 + MULTIPLY(tmp13, FIX_0_765366865),
				   CONST_BITS-PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[6] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(z1 + MULTIPLY(tmp12, - FIX_1_847759065),
				   CONST_BITS-PASS1_BITS);
    
    /* Odd part per figure 8 --- note paper omits factor of sqrt(2).
     * cK represents cos(K*pi/16).
     * i0..i3 in the paper are tmp4..tmp7 here.
     */
    
    z1 = tmp4 + tmp7;
    z2 = tmp5 + tmp6;
    z3 = tmp4 + tmp6;
    z4 = tmp5 + tmp7;
    z5 = MULTIPLY(z3 + z4, FIX_1_175875602); /* sqrt(2) * c3 */
    
    tmp4 = MULTIPLY(tmp4, FIX_0_298631336); /* sqrt(2) * (-c1+c3+c5-c7) */
    tmp5 = MULTIPLY(tmp5, FIX_2_053119869); /* sqrt(2) * ( c1+c3-c5+c7) */
    tmp6 = MULTIPLY(tmp6, FIX_3_072711026); /* sqrt(2) * ( c1+c3+c5-c7) */
    tmp7 = MULTIPLY(tmp7, FIX_1_501321110); /* sqrt(2) * ( c1+c3-c5-c7) */
    z1 = MULTIPLY(z1, - FIX_0_899976223); /* sqrt(2) * (c7-c3) */
    z2 = MULTIPLY(z2, - FIX_2_562915447); /* sqrt(2) * (-c1-c3) */
    z3 = MULTIPLY(z3, - FIX_1_961570560); /* sqrt(2) * (-c3-c5) */
    z4 = MULTIPLY(z4, - FIX_0_390180644); /* sqrt(2) * (c5-c3) */
    
    z3 += z5;
    z4 += z5;
    
    dataptr[7] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp4 + z1 + z3, CONST_BITS-PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[5] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp5 + z2 + z4, CONST_BITS-PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[3] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp6 + z2 + z3, CONST_BITS-PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[1] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp7 + z1 + z4, CONST_BITS-PASS1_BITS);
    
    dataptr += DCTSIZE;		/* advance pointer to next row */
  }

  /* Pass 2: process columns.
   * We remove the PASS1_BITS scaling, but leave the results scaled up
   * by an overall factor of 8.
   */

  dataptr = data;
  for (ctr = DCTSIZE-1; ctr >= 0; ctr--) {
    tmp0 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*0] + dataptr[DCTSIZE*7];
    tmp7 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*0] - dataptr[DCTSIZE*7];
    tmp1 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*1] + dataptr[DCTSIZE*6];
    tmp6 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*1] - dataptr[DCTSIZE*6];
    tmp2 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*2] + dataptr[DCTSIZE*5];
    tmp5 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*2] - dataptr[DCTSIZE*5];
    tmp3 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*3] + dataptr[DCTSIZE*4];
    tmp4 = dataptr[DCTSIZE*3] - dataptr[DCTSIZE*4];
    
    /* Even part per LL&M figure 1 --- note that published figure is faulty;
     * rotator "sqrt(2)*c1" should be "sqrt(2)*c6".
     */
    
    tmp10 = tmp0 + tmp3;
    tmp13 = tmp0 - tmp3;
    tmp11 = tmp1 + tmp2;
    tmp12 = tmp1 - tmp2;
    
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*0] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp10 + tmp11, PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*4] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp10 - tmp11, PASS1_BITS);
    
    z1 = MULTIPLY(tmp12 + tmp13, FIX_0_541196100);
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*2] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(z1 + MULTIPLY(tmp13, FIX_0_765366865),
					   CONST_BITS+PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*6] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(z1 + MULTIPLY(tmp12, - FIX_1_847759065),
					   CONST_BITS+PASS1_BITS);
    
    /* Odd part per figure 8 --- note paper omits factor of sqrt(2).
     * cK represents cos(K*pi/16).
     * i0..i3 in the paper are tmp4..tmp7 here.
     */
    
    z1 = tmp4 + tmp7;
    z2 = tmp5 + tmp6;
    z3 = tmp4 + tmp6;
    z4 = tmp5 + tmp7;
    z5 = MULTIPLY(z3 + z4, FIX_1_175875602); /* sqrt(2) * c3 */
    
    tmp4 = MULTIPLY(tmp4, FIX_0_298631336); /* sqrt(2) * (-c1+c3+c5-c7) */
    tmp5 = MULTIPLY(tmp5, FIX_2_053119869); /* sqrt(2) * ( c1+c3-c5+c7) */
    tmp6 = MULTIPLY(tmp6, FIX_3_072711026); /* sqrt(2) * ( c1+c3+c5-c7) */
    tmp7 = MULTIPLY(tmp7, FIX_1_501321110); /* sqrt(2) * ( c1+c3-c5-c7) */
    z1 = MULTIPLY(z1, - FIX_0_899976223); /* sqrt(2) * (c7-c3) */
    z2 = MULTIPLY(z2, - FIX_2_562915447); /* sqrt(2) * (-c1-c3) */
    z3 = MULTIPLY(z3, - FIX_1_961570560); /* sqrt(2) * (-c3-c5) */
    z4 = MULTIPLY(z4, - FIX_0_390180644); /* sqrt(2) * (c5-c3) */
    
    z3 += z5;
    z4 += z5;
    
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*7] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp4 + z1 + z3,
					   CONST_BITS+PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*5] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp5 + z2 + z4,
					   CONST_BITS+PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*3] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp6 + z2 + z3,
					   CONST_BITS+PASS1_BITS);
    dataptr[DCTSIZE*1] = (DCTELEM) DESCALE(tmp7 + z1 + z4,
					   CONST_BITS+PASS1_BITS);
    
    dataptr++;			/* advance pointer to next column */
  }
}

#endif /* DCT_ISLOW_SUPPORTED */