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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is mozilla.org code.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Netscape Communications Corporation.
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 1998
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *   Michiel van Leeuwen (mvl@exedo.nl)
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
 * the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */

#include "nsPermissionManager.h"
#include "nsPermission.h"
#include "nsCRT.h"
#include "nsNetUtil.h"
#include "nsILineInputStream.h"
#include "nsAppDirectoryServiceDefs.h"
#include "nsVoidArray.h"
#include "prprf.h"

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#define PL_ARENA_CONST_ALIGN_MASK 3
#include "plarena.h"

static PLArenaPool *gHostArena = nsnull;

// making sHostArena 512b for nice allocation
// growing is quite cheap
#define HOST_ARENA_SIZE 512

// equivalent to strdup() - does no error checking,
// we're assuming we're only called with a valid pointer
static char *
ArenaStrDup(const char* str, PLArenaPool* aArena)
{
  void* mem;
  const PRUint32 size = strlen(str) + 1;
  PL_ARENA_ALLOCATE(mem, aArena, size);
  if (mem)
    memcpy(mem, str, size);
  return NS_STATIC_CAST(char*, mem);
}

nsHostEntry::nsHostEntry(const char* aHost)
{
  mHost = ArenaStrDup(aHost, gHostArena);
  mPermissions[0] = mPermissions[1] = 0;
}

nsHostEntry::nsHostEntry(const nsHostEntry& toCopy)
{
  // nsTHashtable shouldn't allow us to end up here, since we
  // set ALLOW_MEMMOVE to true.
  NS_NOTREACHED("nsHostEntry copy constructor is forbidden!");
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

class nsPermissionEnumerator : public nsISimpleEnumerator
{
  public:
    NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS
 
    nsPermissionEnumerator(const nsTHashtable<nsHostEntry> *aHostTable,
                           const char*   *aHostList,
                           const PRUint32 aHostCount,
                           const char*   *aTypeArray)
      : mHostCount(aHostCount),
        mHostIndex(0),
        mTypeIndex(0),
        mHostTable(aHostTable),
        mHostList(aHostList),
        mTypeArray(aTypeArray)
    {
      Prefetch();
    }
    
    NS_IMETHOD HasMoreElements(PRBool *aResult) 
    {
      *aResult = (mNextPermission != nsnull);
      return NS_OK;
    }

    NS_IMETHOD GetNext(nsISupports **aResult) 
    {
      *aResult = mNextPermission;
      if (!mNextPermission)
        return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;

      NS_ADDREF(*aResult);
      
      Prefetch();

      return NS_OK;
    }

    virtual ~nsPermissionEnumerator() 
    {
      delete[] mHostList;
    }

  protected:
    void Prefetch();

    PRInt32 mHostCount;
    PRInt32 mHostIndex;
    PRInt32 mTypeIndex;
    
    const nsTHashtable<nsHostEntry> *mHostTable;
    const char*                     *mHostList;
    nsCOMPtr<nsIPermission>          mNextPermission;
    const char*                     *mTypeArray;
};

NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS1(nsPermissionEnumerator, nsISimpleEnumerator)

// Sets mNextPermission to a new nsIPermission on success,
// to nsnull when no new permissions are present.
void
nsPermissionEnumerator::Prefetch() 
{
  // init to null, so we know when we've prefetched something
  mNextPermission = nsnull;

  // check we have something more to get
  PRUint32 permission;
  while (mHostIndex < mHostCount && !mNextPermission) {
    // loop over the types to find it
    nsHostEntry *entry = mHostTable->GetEntry(mHostList[mHostIndex]);
    if (entry) {
      // see if we've found it
      permission = entry->GetPermission(mTypeIndex);
      if (permission != nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION && mTypeArray[mTypeIndex]) {
        mNextPermission = new nsPermission(entry->GetHost(), 
                                           nsDependentCString(mTypeArray[mTypeIndex]),
                                           permission);
      }
    }

    // increment mTypeIndex/mHostIndex as required
    ++mTypeIndex;
    if (mTypeIndex == NUMBER_OF_TYPES) {
      mTypeIndex = 0;
      ++mHostIndex;
    }
  }
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// nsPermissionManager Implementation

static const char kPermissionsFileName[] = "hostperm.1";
static const char kOldPermissionsFileName[] = "cookperm.txt";
static const char kPermissionChangeNotification[] = PERM_CHANGE_NOTIFICATION;

static const PRUint32 kLazyWriteTimeout = 2000; //msec

NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS3(nsPermissionManager, nsIPermissionManager, nsIObserver, nsISupportsWeakReference)

nsPermissionManager::nsPermissionManager()
 : mHostCount(0),
   mChangedList(PR_FALSE)
{
}

nsPermissionManager::~nsPermissionManager()
{
  if (mWriteTimer)
    mWriteTimer->Cancel();

  RemoveTypeStrings();
  RemoveAllFromMemory();
}

nsresult nsPermissionManager::Init()
{
  nsresult rv;

  if (!mHostTable.Init()) {
    return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
  }

  // Cache the permissions file
  rv = NS_GetSpecialDirectory(NS_APP_USER_PROFILE_50_DIR, getter_AddRefs(mPermissionsFile));
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
    rv = mPermissionsFile->AppendNative(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(kPermissionsFileName));
  }

  // Clear the array of type strings
  memset(mTypeArray, nsnull, sizeof(mTypeArray));

  // Ignore an error. That is not a problem. No cookperm.txt usually.
  Read();

  mObserverService = do_GetService("@mozilla.org/observer-service;1", &rv);
  if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
    mObserverService->AddObserver(this, "profile-before-change", PR_TRUE);
    mObserverService->AddObserver(this, "profile-do-change", PR_TRUE);
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPermissionManager::Add(nsIURI     *aURI,
                         const char *aType,
                         PRUint32    aPermission)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aType);

  nsresult rv;

  nsCAutoString host;
  rv = GetHost(aURI, host);
  // no host doesn't mean an error. just return the default
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) return NS_OK;

  PRInt32 typeIndex = GetTypeIndex(aType, PR_TRUE);
  if (typeIndex == -1 || aPermission >= NUMBER_OF_PERMISSIONS)
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;

  rv = AddInternal(host, typeIndex, aPermission, PR_TRUE);
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) return rv;

  mChangedList = PR_TRUE;
  LazyWrite();

  return NS_OK;
}

// This only adds a permission to memory (it doesn't save to disk), and doesn't
// bounds check aTypeIndex or aPermission. These are up to the caller.
nsresult
nsPermissionManager::AddInternal(const nsAFlatCString &aHost,
                                 PRInt32               aTypeIndex,
                                 PRUint32              aPermission,
                                 PRBool                aNotify)
{
  if (!gHostArena) {
    gHostArena = new PLArenaPool;
    if (!gHostArena)
      return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;    
    PL_INIT_ARENA_POOL(gHostArena, "PermissionHostArena", HOST_ARENA_SIZE);
  }

  // When an entry already exists, PutEntry will return that, instead
  // of adding a new one
  nsHostEntry *entry = mHostTable.PutEntry(aHost.get());
  if (!entry) return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  if (!entry->GetKey()) {
    mHostTable.RawRemoveEntry(entry);
    return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
  }

  if (entry->PermissionsAreEmpty()) {
    ++mHostCount;
  }

  PRUint32 oldPermission = entry->GetPermission(aTypeIndex);
  entry->SetPermission(aTypeIndex, aPermission);

  // If no more types are present, remove the entry
  // Can happen if this add() is resetting the permission to default.
  if (entry->PermissionsAreEmpty()) {
    mHostTable.RawRemoveEntry(entry);
    --mHostCount;
  }

  // check whether we are deleting, adding, or changing a permission,
  // so we can notify observers. this would be neater to do in Add(),
  // but we need to do it here because we only know what type of notification
  // to send (removal, addition, or change) after we've done the hash
  // lookup.
  if (aNotify) {
    if (aPermission == nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION) {
      if (oldPermission != nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION)
        // deleting
        NotifyObserversWithPermission(aHost,
                                      mTypeArray[aTypeIndex],
                                      oldPermission,
                                      NS_LITERAL_STRING("deleted").get());
    } else {
      if (oldPermission == nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION)
        // adding
        NotifyObserversWithPermission(aHost,
                                      mTypeArray[aTypeIndex],
                                      aPermission,
                                      NS_LITERAL_STRING("added").get());
      else
        // changing
        NotifyObserversWithPermission(aHost,
                                      mTypeArray[aTypeIndex],
                                      aPermission,
                                      NS_LITERAL_STRING("changed").get());
    }
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPermissionManager::Remove(const nsACString &aHost,
                            const char       *aType)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aType);
  PRInt32 typeIndex = GetTypeIndex(aType, PR_FALSE);
  // If type == -1, the type isn't known,
  // so just return NS_OK
  if (typeIndex == -1) return NS_OK;

  nsHostEntry *entry = GetHostEntry(PromiseFlatCString(aHost), typeIndex);
  if (entry) {
    // cache the old permission before we delete it, to notify observers
    PRUint32 oldPermission = entry->GetPermission(typeIndex);

    entry->SetPermission(typeIndex, nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION);

    // If no more types are present, remove the entry
    if (entry->PermissionsAreEmpty()) {
      mHostTable.RawRemoveEntry(entry);
      --mHostCount;
    }
    mChangedList = PR_TRUE;
    LazyWrite();

    // Notify Observers
    if (oldPermission != nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION)
      NotifyObserversWithPermission(PromiseFlatCString(aHost),
                                    aType,
                                    oldPermission,
                                    NS_LITERAL_STRING("deleted").get());
  }
  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPermissionManager::RemoveAll()
{
  RemoveAllFromMemory();
  NotifyObservers(nsnull, NS_LITERAL_STRING("cleared").get());
  LazyWrite();
  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsPermissionManager::TestPermission(nsIURI     *aURI,
                                    const char *aType,
                                    PRUint32   *aPermission)
{
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aURI);
  NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(aType);

  // set the default
  *aPermission = nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION;

  nsCAutoString host;
  nsresult rv = GetHost(aURI, host);
  // no host doesn't mean an error. just return the default
  if (NS_FAILED(rv)) return NS_OK;
  
  PRInt32 typeIndex = GetTypeIndex(aType, PR_FALSE);
  // If type == -1, the type isn't known,
  // so just return NS_OK
  if (typeIndex == -1) return NS_OK;

  nsHostEntry *entry = GetHostEntry(host, typeIndex);
  if (entry)
    *aPermission = entry->GetPermission(typeIndex);

  return NS_OK;
}

// Get hostentry for given host string and permission type.
// walk up the domain if needed.
// return null if nothing found.
nsHostEntry *
nsPermissionManager::GetHostEntry(const nsAFlatCString &aHost,
                                  PRUint32              aType)
{
  PRUint32 offset = 0;
  nsHostEntry *entry;
  do {
    entry = mHostTable.GetEntry(aHost.get() + offset);
    if (entry) {
      if (entry->GetPermission(aType) != nsIPermissionManager::UNKNOWN_ACTION)
        break;

      // reset entry, to be able to return null on failure
      entry = nsnull;
    }
    offset = aHost.FindChar('.', offset) + 1;

  // walk up the domaintree (we stop as soon as we find a match,
  // which will be the most specific domain we have an entry for).
  } while (offset > 0);
  return entry;
}

// A little helper function to add the hostname to the list.
// The hostname comes from an arena, and so it won't go away
PR_STATIC_CALLBACK(PLDHashOperator)
AddHostToList(nsHostEntry *entry, void *arg)
{
  // arg is a double-ptr to an string entry in the hostList array,
  // so we dereference it twice to assign the |const char*| string
  // and once so we can increment the |const char**| array location
  // ready for the next assignment.
  const char*** elementPtr = NS_STATIC_CAST(const char***, arg);
  **elementPtr = entry->GetKey();
  ++(*elementPtr);
  return PL_DHASH_NEXT;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP nsPermissionManager::GetEnumerator(nsISimpleEnumerator **aEnum)
{
  *aEnum = nsnull;
  // get the host list, to hand to the enumerator.
  // the enumerator takes ownership of the list.

  // create a new host list. enumerator takes ownership of it.
  const char* *hostList = new const char*[mHostCount];
  if (!hostList) return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;

  // Make a copy of the pointer, so we can increase it without loosing
  // the original pointer
  const char** hostListCopy = hostList;
  mHostTable.EnumerateEntries(AddHostToList, &hostListCopy);

  nsPermissionEnumerator* permissionEnum = new nsPermissionEnumerator(&mHostTable, hostList, mHostCount, NS_CONST_CAST(const char**, mTypeArray));
  if (!permissionEnum) {
    delete[] hostList;
    return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
  }
  NS_ADDREF(permissionEnum);
  *aEnum = permissionEnum;
  return NS_OK;
}

NS_IMETHODIMP nsPermissionManager::Observe(nsISupports *aSubject, const char *aTopic, const PRUnichar *someData)
{
  nsresult rv = NS_OK;

  if (!nsCRT::strcmp(aTopic, "profile-before-change")) {
    // The profile is about to change.

    if (mWriteTimer) {
      mWriteTimer->Cancel();
      mWriteTimer = 0;
    }
    
    // Dump current permission.  This will be done by calling 
    // RemoveAllFromMemory which clears the memory-resident
    // permission table.  The reason the permission file does not
    // need to be updated is because the file was updated every time
    // the memory-resident table changed (i.e., whenever a new permission
    // was accepted).  If this condition ever changes, the permission
    // file would need to be updated here.

    if (!nsCRT::strcmp(someData, NS_LITERAL_STRING("shutdown-cleanse").get())) {
      if (mPermissionsFile) {
        mPermissionsFile->Remove(PR_FALSE);
      }
    } else {
      Write();
    }
    RemoveTypeStrings();
    RemoveAllFromMemory();
  }  
  else if (!nsCRT::strcmp(aTopic, "profile-do-change")) {
    // The profile has aleady changed.    
    // Now just read them from the new profile location.

    // Re-get the permissions file
    rv = NS_GetSpecialDirectory(NS_APP_USER_PROFILE_50_DIR, getter_AddRefs(mPermissionsFile));
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      rv = mPermissionsFile->AppendNative(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(kPermissionsFileName));
    }
    Read();
  }

  return rv;
}

//*****************************************************************************
//*** nsPermissionManager private methods
//*****************************************************************************

nsresult
nsPermissionManager::RemoveAllFromMemory()
{
  mHostTable.Clear();
  mHostCount = 0;
  if (gHostArena) {
    PL_FinishArenaPool(gHostArena);
    delete gHostArena;
  }
  gHostArena = nsnull;
  mChangedList = PR_TRUE;
  return NS_OK;
}

void
nsPermissionManager::RemoveTypeStrings()
{
  for (PRUint32 i = NUMBER_OF_TYPES; i--; ) {
    if (mTypeArray[i]) {
      PL_strfree(mTypeArray[i]);
      mTypeArray[i] = nsnull;
    }
  }
}

// Returns -1 on failure
PRInt32
nsPermissionManager::GetTypeIndex(const char *aType,
                                  PRBool      aAdd)
{
  PRInt32 firstEmpty = -1;

  for (PRUint32 i = 0; i < NUMBER_OF_TYPES; ++i) {
    if (!mTypeArray[i]) {
      if (firstEmpty == -1)
        // Don't break, the type might be later in the array
        firstEmpty = i;
    } else if (!strcmp(aType, mTypeArray[i])) {
      return i;
    }
  }

  if (!aAdd || firstEmpty == -1)
    // Not found, but that is ok - we were just looking.
    // Or, no free spots left - error.
    return -1;

  // This type was not registered before.
  // Can't use ToNewCString here, other strings in the array are allocated
  // with PL_strdup too, and they all need to be freed the same way
  mTypeArray[firstEmpty] = PL_strdup(aType);
  if (!mTypeArray[firstEmpty])
    return -1;

  return firstEmpty;
}

// wrapper function for mangling (host,type,perm) triplet into an nsIPermission.
void
nsPermissionManager::NotifyObserversWithPermission(const nsACString &aHost,
                                                   const char       *aType,
                                                   PRUint32          aPermission,
                                                   const PRUnichar  *aData)
{
  nsCOMPtr<nsIPermission> permission =
    new nsPermission(aHost, nsDependentCString(aType), aPermission);
  if (permission)
    NotifyObservers(permission, aData);
}

// notify observers that the permission list changed. there are four possible
// values for aData:
// "deleted" means a permission was deleted. aPermission is the deleted permission.
// "added"   means a permission was added. aPermission is the added permission.
// "changed" means a permission was altered. aPermission is the new permission.
// "cleared" means the entire permission list was cleared. aPermission is null.
void
nsPermissionManager::NotifyObservers(nsIPermission   *aPermission,
                                     const PRUnichar *aData)
{
  if (mObserverService)
    mObserverService->NotifyObservers(aPermission,
                                      kPermissionChangeNotification,
                                      aData);
}

static const char kTab = '\t';
static const char kNew = '\n';
static const char kTrue = 'T';
static const char kFalse = 'F';
static const char kFirstLetter = 'a';
static const char kTypeSign = '%';

static const char kMatchTypeHost[] = "host";

nsresult
nsPermissionManager::Read()
{
  nsresult rv;
  
  PRBool readingOldFile = PR_FALSE;

  nsCOMPtr<nsIInputStream> fileInputStream;
  rv = NS_NewLocalFileInputStream(getter_AddRefs(fileInputStream), mPermissionsFile);
  if (rv == NS_ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND) {
    // Try finding the old-style file

    nsCOMPtr<nsIFile> oldPermissionsFile;
    rv = NS_GetSpecialDirectory(NS_APP_USER_PROFILE_50_DIR, getter_AddRefs(oldPermissionsFile));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    rv = oldPermissionsFile->AppendNative(NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(kOldPermissionsFileName));
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    rv = NS_NewLocalFileInputStream(getter_AddRefs(fileInputStream), oldPermissionsFile);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

    readingOldFile = PR_TRUE;

    /* old format is:
     * host \t number permission \t number permission ... \n
     * if this format isn't respected we move onto the next line in the file.
     * permission is T or F for accept or deny, otherwise a lowercase letter,
     * with a=0, b=1 etc
     */
  }

  nsCOMPtr<nsILineInputStream> lineInputStream = do_QueryInterface(fileInputStream, &rv);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  /* format is:
   * matchtype \t type \t permission \t host
   * Only "host" is supported for matchtype
   * type is a string that identifies the type of permission (e.g. "cookie")
   * permission is an integer between 1 and 15
   */

  mHasUnknownTypes = PR_FALSE;

  nsCAutoString buffer;
  PRBool isMore = PR_TRUE;
  while (isMore && NS_SUCCEEDED(lineInputStream->ReadLine(buffer, &isMore))) {
    if (buffer.IsEmpty() || buffer.First() == '#') {
      continue;
    }

    if (!readingOldFile) {
      nsCStringArray lineArray;
      
      // Split the line at tabs
      lineArray.ParseString(buffer.get(), "\t");
      
      if (lineArray[0]->EqualsLiteral(kMatchTypeHost) &&
          lineArray.Count() == 4) {
        
        PRInt32 error;
        PRUint32 permission = lineArray[2]->ToInteger(&error);
        if (error)
          continue;
        PRInt32 type = GetTypeIndex(lineArray[1]->get(), PR_TRUE);
        if (type < 0)
          continue;

        rv = AddInternal(*lineArray[3], type, permission, PR_FALSE);
        NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
      } else {
        mHasUnknownTypes = PR_TRUE;
      }

    } else {
      // Begin backwards compatibility code
      nsASingleFragmentCString::char_iterator iter;
      if (buffer.First() == kTypeSign) {
        // A permission string line

        PRInt32 stringIndex;

        if ((stringIndex = buffer.FindChar(kTab) + 1) == 0) {
          continue;      
        }

        PRUint32 type;
        if (PR_sscanf(buffer.get() + 1, "%u", &type) != 1 || type >= NUMBER_OF_TYPES) {
          continue;
        }

        // Older versions of mozilla can't parse the permission string lines.
        // They will put them back like '%0 0F' instead of '%0 cookie'
        // Ignore those lines, and revert to the defaults later.
        // XXX This means that when the user has additional types besides the
        // default, those will be lost after using an old version with the
        // new profile, and then going back to a new version.
        if (!strcmp(buffer.get() + stringIndex, "0F"))
          continue;

        NS_ASSERTION(GetTypeIndex(buffer.get() + stringIndex, PR_FALSE) == -1, "Corrupt cookperm.txt file");
        mTypeArray[type] = PL_strdup(buffer.get() + stringIndex);

        continue;
      }

      PRInt32 hostIndex, permissionIndex;
      PRUint32 nextPermissionIndex = 0;
      hostIndex = 0;

      if ((permissionIndex = buffer.FindChar('\t', hostIndex) + 1) == 0)
        continue;      

      // ignore leading periods in host name
      while (hostIndex < permissionIndex && (buffer.CharAt(hostIndex) == '.'))
        ++hostIndex;

      // nullstomp the trailing tab, to get a flat string
      buffer.BeginWriting(iter);
      *(iter += permissionIndex - 1) = char(0);
      nsDependentCString host(buffer.get() + hostIndex, iter);

      for (;;) {
        if (nextPermissionIndex == buffer.Length()+1)
          break;

        if ((nextPermissionIndex = buffer.FindChar(kTab, permissionIndex) + 1) == 0)
          nextPermissionIndex = buffer.Length()+1;

        const nsASingleFragmentCString &permissionString = Substring(buffer, permissionIndex, nextPermissionIndex - permissionIndex - 1);
        permissionIndex = nextPermissionIndex;

        PRInt32 type = 0;
        PRUint32 index = 0;

        if (permissionString.IsEmpty())
          continue; // empty permission entry -- should never happen

        // Parse "2T"
        char c = permissionString.CharAt(index);
        while (index < permissionString.Length() && c >= '0' && c <= '9') {
          type = 10*type + (c-'0');
          c = permissionString.CharAt(++index);
        }
        if (index >= permissionString.Length())
          continue; // bad format for this permission entry

        PRUint32 permission;
        if (permissionString.CharAt(index) == kTrue)
          permission = nsIPermissionManager::ALLOW_ACTION;
        else if (permissionString.CharAt(index) == kFalse)
          permission = nsIPermissionManager::DENY_ACTION;
        else
          permission = permissionString.CharAt(index) - kFirstLetter;

        // |permission| is unsigned, so no need to check for < 0
        if (permission >= NUMBER_OF_PERMISSIONS)
          continue;

        // Ignore @@@ as host. Old style checkbox status
        if (!permissionString.IsEmpty() && !host.EqualsLiteral("@@@@")) {
          rv = AddInternal(host, type, permission, PR_FALSE);
          if (NS_FAILED(rv)) return rv;
        }

      }
      // Old files, without the part that defines the types, assume 0 is cookie
      // etc. So add those types, but make sure not to overwrite types from new
      // style files.
      GetTypeIndex("cookie", PR_TRUE);
      GetTypeIndex("image", PR_TRUE);
      GetTypeIndex("popup", PR_TRUE);

      // End backwards compatibility code
    }

  }


  mChangedList = PR_FALSE;

  return NS_OK;
}

// A helper function that adds the pointer to the entry to the list.
// This is not threadsafe, and only safe if the consumer does not 
// modify the list. It is only used in Write() where we are sure
// that nothing else changes the list while we are saving.
PR_STATIC_CALLBACK(PLDHashOperator)
AddEntryToList(nsHostEntry *entry, void *arg)
{
  // arg is a double-ptr to an entry in the hostList array,
  // so we dereference it twice to assign the |nsHostEntry*|
  // and once so we can increment the |nsHostEntry**| array location
  // ready for the next assignment.
  nsHostEntry*** elementPtr = NS_STATIC_CAST(nsHostEntry***, arg);
  **elementPtr = entry;
  ++(*elementPtr);
  return PL_DHASH_NEXT;
}

void
nsPermissionManager::LazyWrite()
{
  if (mWriteTimer) {
    mWriteTimer->SetDelay(kLazyWriteTimeout);
  } else {
    mWriteTimer = do_CreateInstance("@mozilla.org/timer;1");
    if (mWriteTimer) {
      mWriteTimer->InitWithFuncCallback(DoLazyWrite, this, kLazyWriteTimeout,
                                        nsITimer::TYPE_ONE_SHOT);
    }
  }
}

void
nsPermissionManager::DoLazyWrite(nsITimer *aTimer,
                                 void     *aClosure)
{
  nsPermissionManager *service = NS_REINTERPRET_CAST(nsPermissionManager*, aClosure);
  service->Write();
  service->mWriteTimer = 0;
}

nsresult
nsPermissionManager::Write()
{
  nsresult rv;

  if (!mChangedList) {
    return NS_OK;
  }

  if (!mPermissionsFile) {
    return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
  }

  // Start with reading the old file, and remember any data that
  // wasn't parsed, to put it right back into the new file.
  // But only do that if we know there is unknown stuff
  nsCStringArray rememberList;
  if (mHasUnknownTypes) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsIInputStream> fileInputStream;
    rv = NS_NewLocalFileInputStream(getter_AddRefs(fileInputStream), mPermissionsFile);
    if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
      nsCOMPtr<nsILineInputStream> lineInputStream = do_QueryInterface(fileInputStream, &rv);
      if (NS_SUCCEEDED(rv)) {
        nsCAutoString buffer;
        PRBool isMore = PR_TRUE;
        while (isMore && NS_SUCCEEDED(lineInputStream->ReadLine(buffer, &isMore))) {
          if (buffer.IsEmpty() || buffer.First() == '#' ||
              StringBeginsWith(buffer, NS_LITERAL_CSTRING(kMatchTypeHost)))
            continue;

          rememberList.AppendCString(buffer);
        }
      }
    }
  }

  nsCOMPtr<nsIOutputStream> fileOutputStream;
  rv = NS_NewSafeLocalFileOutputStream(getter_AddRefs(fileOutputStream),
                                       mPermissionsFile,
                                       -1,
                                       0600);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  // get a buffered output stream 4096 bytes big, to optimize writes
  nsCOMPtr<nsIOutputStream> bufferedOutputStream;
  rv = NS_NewBufferedOutputStream(getter_AddRefs(bufferedOutputStream), fileOutputStream, 4096);
  NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);

  static const char kHeader[] = 
    "# Permission File\n"
    "# This is a generated file! Do not edit.\n\n";

  bufferedOutputStream->Write(kHeader, sizeof(kHeader) - 1, &rv);

  /* format is:
   * matchtype \t type \t permission \t host \t
   */

  // Write out the list of strings we remembered from the old file
  PRUint32 i;
  if (mHasUnknownTypes) {
    for (i = 0 ; i < rememberList.Count() ; ++i) {
      bufferedOutputStream->Write(rememberList[i]->get(), 
                                  rememberList[i]->Length(), &rv);
      bufferedOutputStream->Write(&kNew, 1, &rv);
    }
  }

  // create a new host list
  nsHostEntry* *hostList = new nsHostEntry*[mHostCount];
  if (!hostList) return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;

  // Make a copy of the pointer, so we can increase it without losing
  // the original pointer
  nsHostEntry** hostListCopy = hostList;
  mHostTable.EnumerateEntries(AddEntryToList, &hostListCopy);

  for (i = 0; i < mHostCount; ++i) {
    nsHostEntry *entry = NS_STATIC_CAST(nsHostEntry*, hostList[i]);
    NS_ASSERTION(entry, "corrupt permission list");

    for (PRInt32 type = 0; type < NUMBER_OF_TYPES; ++type) {
    
      PRUint32 permission = entry->GetPermission(type);
      if (permission && mTypeArray[type]) {
        // Write matchtype
        // only "host" is possible at the moment.
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(kMatchTypeHost, sizeof(kMatchTypeHost) - 1, &rv);

        // Write type
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(&kTab, 1, &rv);
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(mTypeArray[type], strlen(mTypeArray[type]), &rv);

        // Write permission
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(&kTab, 1, &rv);
        char permissionString[5];
        PRUint32 len = PR_snprintf(permissionString, sizeof(permissionString) - 1, "%u", permission);
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(permissionString, len, &rv);

        // Write host
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(&kTab, 1, &rv);
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(entry->GetHost().get(), entry->GetHost().Length(), &rv);
        
        // Write newline
        bufferedOutputStream->Write(&kNew, 1, &rv);
      }
    }
  }

  delete[] hostList;

  // All went ok. Maybe except for problems in Write(), but the stream detects
  // that for us
  nsCOMPtr<nsISafeOutputStream> safeStream = do_QueryInterface(bufferedOutputStream);
  NS_ASSERTION(safeStream, "expected a safe output stream!");
  if (safeStream) {
    rv = safeStream->Finish();
    if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
      NS_WARNING("failed to save permissions file! possible dataloss");
      return rv;
    }
  }

  mChangedList = PR_FALSE;
  return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
nsPermissionManager::GetHost(nsIURI *aURI, nsACString &aResult)
{
  aURI->GetHost(aResult);

  // If there is no host, use the scheme, and prepend "scheme:",
  // to make sure it isn't a host or something.
  if (aResult.IsEmpty()) {
    aURI->GetScheme(aResult);
    if (aResult.IsEmpty()) {
      // still empty. Return error.
      return NS_ERROR_FAILURE;
    }
    aResult = NS_LITERAL_CSTRING("scheme:") + aResult;
  }

  return NS_OK;
}