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/* ***** BEGIN LICENSE BLOCK *****
 * Version: MPL 1.1/GPL 2.0/LGPL 2.1
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License Version
 * 1.1 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" basis,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License
 * for the specific language governing rights and limitations under the
 * License.
 *
 * The Original Code is Contributed by Red Hat Inc.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is
 * Red Hat, Inc.
 * Portions created by the Initial Developer are Copyright (C) 2005
 * the Initial Developer. All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Contributor(s):
 *
 * Alternatively, the contents of this file may be used under the terms of
 * either the GNU General Public License Version 2 or later (the "GPL"), or
 * the GNU Lesser General Public License Version 2.1 or later (the "LGPL"),
 * in which case the provisions of the GPL or the LGPL are applicable instead
 * of those above. If you wish to allow use of your version of this file only
 * under the terms of either the GPL or the LGPL, and not to allow others to
 * use your version of this file under the terms of the MPL, indicate your
 * decision by deleting the provisions above and replace them with the notice
 * and other provisions required by the GPL or the LGPL. If you do not delete
 * the provisions above, a recipient may use your version of this file under
 * the terms of any one of the MPL, the GPL or the LGPL.
 *
 * ***** END LICENSE BLOCK ***** */
#include "nspr.h"

#include "pk11func.h"
#include "nsNSSComponent.h"
#include "nsSmartCardMonitor.h"
#include "nsSmartCardEvent.h"

//
// The SmartCard monitoring thread should start up for each module we load
// that has removable tokens. This code calls an NSS function which waits
// until there is a change in the token state. NSS uses the 
// C_WaitForSlotEvent() call in PKCS #11 if the module implements the call,
// otherwise NSS will poll the token in a loop with a delay of 'latency' 
// between polls. Note that the C_WaitForSlotEvent() may wake up on any type
// of token event, so it's necessary to filter these events down to just the
// insertion and removal events we are looking for.
//
// Once the event is found, It is passed to nsNSSComponent for dispatching
// on the UI thread, and forwarding to any interested listeners (including
// javascript).
//


static NS_DEFINE_CID(kNSSComponentCID, NS_NSSCOMPONENT_CID);

#include <assert.h>

// self linking and removing double linked entry
// adopts the thread it is passed.
class SmartCardThreadEntry {
public:
 SmartCardThreadEntry *next;
 SmartCardThreadEntry *prev;
 SmartCardThreadEntry **head;
 SmartCardMonitoringThread *thread;
 SmartCardThreadEntry(SmartCardMonitoringThread *thread_,
   SmartCardThreadEntry *next_, SmartCardThreadEntry *prev_,
   SmartCardThreadEntry **head_) : 
   next(next_), prev(prev_), head(head_), thread(thread_) { 
    if (prev) { prev->next = this; } else { *head = this; }
    if (next) { next->prev = this; }
  }
  ~SmartCardThreadEntry() {
    if (prev) { prev->next = next; } else { *head = next; }
    if (next) { next->prev = prev; }
    // NOTE: automatically stops the thread
    delete thread;
  }
};

//
// SmartCardThreadList is a class to help manage the running threads.
// That way new threads could be started and old ones terminated as we
// load and unload modules.
//
SmartCardThreadList::SmartCardThreadList() : head(0)
{
}

SmartCardThreadList::~SmartCardThreadList()
{
  // the head is self linking and unlinking, the following
  // loop removes all entries on the list.
  // it will also stop the thread if it happens to be running
  while (head) {
    delete head;
  }
}

void
SmartCardThreadList::Remove(SECMODModule *aModule)
{
  SmartCardThreadEntry *current;
  for (current = head; current; current=current->next) {
    if (current->thread->GetModule() == aModule) {
      // NOTE: automatically stops the thread and dequeues it from the list
      delete current;
      return;
    }
  }
}

// adopts the thread passwd to it. Starts the thread as well
nsresult
SmartCardThreadList::Add(SmartCardMonitoringThread *thread)
{
  SmartCardThreadEntry *current = new SmartCardThreadEntry(thread, head, nsnull,
                                                           &head);
  if (current) {  
     // OK to forget current here, it's on the list
    return thread->Start();
  }
  return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
}


// We really should have a Unity PL Hash function...
static PR_CALLBACK PLHashNumber
unity(const void *key) { return PLHashNumber(NS_PTR_TO_INT32(key)); }

SmartCardMonitoringThread::SmartCardMonitoringThread(SECMODModule *module_)
  : mThread(nsnull)
{
  mModule = SECMOD_ReferenceModule(module_);
  // simple hash functions, most modules have less than 3 slots, so 10 buckets
  // should be plenty
  mHash = PL_NewHashTable(10, unity, PL_CompareValues, 
                           PL_CompareStrings, nsnull, 0);
}

//
// when we shutdown the thread, be sure to stop it first. If not, it just might
// crash when the mModule it is looking at disappears.
//
SmartCardMonitoringThread::~SmartCardMonitoringThread()
{
  Stop();
  SECMOD_DestroyModule(mModule);
  if (mHash) {
    PL_HashTableDestroy(mHash);
  }
}

nsresult
SmartCardMonitoringThread::Start()
{
  if (!mThread) {
    mThread = PR_CreateThread(PR_SYSTEM_THREAD, LaunchExecute, this,
                              PR_PRIORITY_NORMAL, PR_LOCAL_THREAD,
                              PR_JOINABLE_THREAD, 0);
  }
  return mThread ? NS_OK : NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
}

//
// Should only stop if we are through with the module.
// CancelWait has the side effect of losing all the keys and
// current operations on the module!. (See the comment in
// SECMOD_CancelWait for why this is so..).
//
void SmartCardMonitoringThread::Stop()
{
  SECStatus rv;

  rv = SECMOD_CancelWait(mModule);
  if (rv != SECSuccess) {
    // we didn't wake up the Wait, so don't try to join the thread 
    // otherwise we will hang forever...
    return;
  }
 
  // confused about the memory model here? NSPR owns the memory for
  // threads. non-joinable threads are freed when the thread dies.
  // joinable threads are freed after the call to PR_JoinThread.
  // That means if SECMOD_CancelWait fails, we'll leak the mThread
  // structure. this is considered preferable to hanging (which is
  // what will happen if we try to join a thread that blocked).
  if (mThread) {
    PR_JoinThread(mThread);
    mThread = 0; 
  }
}

//
// remember the name and series of a token in a particular slot.
// This is important because the name is no longer available when
// the token is removed. If listeners depended on this information,
// They would be out of luck. It also is a handy way of making sure
// we don't generate spurious insertion and removal events as the slot
// cycles through various states.
//
void
SmartCardMonitoringThread::SetTokenName(CK_SLOT_ID slotid, 
                                       const char *tokenName, PRUint32 series)
{
  if (mHash) {
    if (tokenName) {
      int len = strlen(tokenName) + 1;
      char *entry = (char *)malloc(len+sizeof(PRUint32));
     
      if (entry) {  
        memcpy(entry,&series,sizeof(PRUint32));
        memcpy(&entry[sizeof(PRUint32)],tokenName,len);

        PL_HashTableAdd(mHash,(void *)slotid, entry); /* adopt */
        return;
      }
    } 
    // if tokenName was not provided, remove the old one (implicit delete)
    PL_HashTableRemove(mHash,(void *)slotid);
  }
}

// retrieve the name saved above
const char *
SmartCardMonitoringThread::GetTokenName(CK_SLOT_ID slotid)
{
  const char *tokenName = nsnull;
  const char *entry;

  if (mHash) {
    entry = (const char *)PL_HashTableLookupConst(mHash,(void *)slotid);
    if (entry) {
      tokenName = &entry[sizeof(PRUint32)];
    }
  }
  return tokenName;
}

// retrieve the series saved in SetTokenName above
PRUint32
SmartCardMonitoringThread::GetTokenSeries(CK_SLOT_ID slotid)
{
  PRUint32 series = 0;
  const char *entry;

  if (mHash) {
    entry = (const char *)PL_HashTableLookupConst(mHash,(void *)slotid);
    if (entry) {
      memcpy(&series,entry,sizeof(PRUint32));
    }
  }
  return series;
}

//
// helper function to pass the event off to nsNSSComponent.
//
nsresult
SmartCardMonitoringThread::SendEvent(const nsAString &eventType,
                                     const char *tokenName)
{
  nsresult rv;
  nsCOMPtr<nsINSSComponent> 
                    nssComponent(do_GetService(kNSSComponentCID, &rv));
  if (NS_FAILED(rv))
    return rv;

  // NSS returns actual UTF8, not ASCII
  nssComponent->PostEvent(eventType, NS_ConvertUTF8toUTF16(tokenName));
  return NS_OK;
}

//
// This is the main loop.
//
void SmartCardMonitoringThread::Execute()
{
  PK11SlotInfo *slot;
  const char *tokenName = nsnull;

  //
  // populate token names for already inserted tokens.
  //
  PK11SlotList *sl =
            PK11_FindSlotsByNames(mModule->dllName, nsnull, nsnull, PR_TRUE);
  PK11SlotListElement *sle;
 
  if (sl) {
    for (sle=PK11_GetFirstSafe(sl); sle; 
                                      sle=PK11_GetNextSafe(sl,sle,PR_FALSE)) {
      SetTokenName(PK11_GetSlotID(sle->slot), 
                  PK11_GetTokenName(sle->slot), PK11_GetSlotSeries(sle->slot));
    }
    PK11_FreeSlotList(sl);
  }

  // loop starts..
  do {
    slot = SECMOD_WaitForAnyTokenEvent(mModule, 0, PR_SecondsToInterval(1)  );
    if (slot == nsnull) {
      break;
    }

    // now we have a potential insertion or removal event, see if the slot
    // is present to determine which it is...
    if (PK11_IsPresent(slot)) {
      // insertion
      CK_SLOT_ID slotID = PK11_GetSlotID(slot);
      PRUint32 series = PK11_GetSlotSeries(slot);

      // skip spurious insertion events...
      if (series != GetTokenSeries(slotID)) {
        // if there's a token name, then we have not yet issued a remove
        // event for the previous token, do so now...
        tokenName = GetTokenName(slotID);
        if (tokenName) {
          SendEvent(NS_LITERAL_STRING(SMARTCARDEVENT_REMOVE), tokenName);
        }
        tokenName = PK11_GetTokenName(slot);
        // save the token name and series
        SetTokenName(slotID, tokenName, series);
        SendEvent(NS_LITERAL_STRING(SMARTCARDEVENT_INSERT), tokenName);
      }
    } else {
      // retrieve token name 
      CK_SLOT_ID slotID = PK11_GetSlotID(slot);
      tokenName = GetTokenName(slotID);
      // if there's not a token name, then the software isn't expecting
      // a (or another) remove event.
      if (tokenName) {
        SendEvent(NS_LITERAL_STRING(SMARTCARDEVENT_REMOVE), tokenName);
        // clear the token name (after we send it)
        SetTokenName(slotID, nsnull, 0);
      }
    }
    PK11_FreeSlot(slot);

  } while (1);
}

// accessor to help searching active Monitoring threads
const SECMODModule * SmartCardMonitoringThread::GetModule() 
{
  return mModule;
}

// C-like calling sequence to glue into PR_CreateThread.
void SmartCardMonitoringThread::LaunchExecute(void *arg)
{
  ((SmartCardMonitoringThread*)arg)->Execute();
}