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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 2 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=2 et sw=2 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "mozilla/AvailableMemoryTracker.h"

#if defined(XP_WIN)
#include "nsExceptionHandler.h"
#include "nsICrashReporter.h"
#include "nsIMemoryReporter.h"
#include "nsMemoryPressure.h"
#endif

#include "nsIObserver.h"
#include "nsIObserverService.h"
#include "nsIRunnable.h"
#include "nsISupports.h"
#include "nsITimer.h"
#include "nsThreadUtils.h"
#include "nsXULAppAPI.h"

#include "mozilla/ResultExtensions.h"
#include "mozilla/Services.h"
#include "mozilla/Unused.h"

#if defined(MOZ_MEMORY)
#   include "mozmemory.h"
#endif  // MOZ_MEMORY

using namespace mozilla;

namespace {

#if defined(XP_WIN)

Atomic<uint32_t, MemoryOrdering::Relaxed> sNumLowVirtualMemEvents;
Atomic<uint32_t, MemoryOrdering::Relaxed> sNumLowCommitSpaceEvents;
Atomic<uint32_t, MemoryOrdering::Relaxed> sNumLowPhysicalMemEvents;

class nsAvailableMemoryWatcher final : public nsIObserver,
                                       public nsITimerCallback
{
public:
  NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS
  NS_DECL_NSIOBSERVER
  NS_DECL_NSITIMERCALLBACK

  nsAvailableMemoryWatcher();
  nsresult Init();

private:
  // Fire a low-memory notification if we have less than this many bytes of
  // virtual address space available.
#if defined(HAVE_64BIT_BUILD)
  static const size_t kLowVirtualMemoryThreshold = 0;
#else
  static const size_t kLowVirtualMemoryThreshold = 256 * 1024 * 1024;
#endif

  // Fire a low-memory notification if we have less than this many bytes of
  // commit space (physical memory plus page file) left.
  static const size_t kLowCommitSpaceThreshold = 256 * 1024 * 1024;

  // Fire a low-memory notification if we have less than this many bytes of
  // physical memory available on the whole machine.
  static const size_t kLowPhysicalMemoryThreshold = 0;

  // Don't fire a low-memory notification because of low available physical
  // memory or low commit space more often than this interval.
  static const uint32_t kLowMemoryNotificationIntervalMS = 10000;

  // Poll the amount of free memory at this rate.
  static const uint32_t kPollingIntervalMS = 1000;

  // Observer topics we subscribe to, see below.
  static const char* const kObserverTopics[];

  static bool IsVirtualMemoryLow(const MEMORYSTATUSEX& aStat);
  static bool IsCommitSpaceLow(const MEMORYSTATUSEX& aStat);
  static bool IsPhysicalMemoryLow(const MEMORYSTATUSEX& aStat);

  ~nsAvailableMemoryWatcher() {};
  bool OngoingMemoryPressure() { return mUnderMemoryPressure; }
  void AdjustPollingInterval(const bool aLowMemory);
  void SendMemoryPressureEvent();
  void MaybeSaveMemoryReport();
  void Shutdown();

  nsCOMPtr<nsITimer> mTimer;
  bool mUnderMemoryPressure;
  bool mSavedReport;
};

const char* const nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::kObserverTopics[] = {
  "quit-application",
  "user-interaction-active",
  "user-interaction-inactive",
};

NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS(nsAvailableMemoryWatcher, nsIObserver, nsITimerCallback)

nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::nsAvailableMemoryWatcher()
  : mTimer(nullptr)
  , mUnderMemoryPressure(false)
  , mSavedReport(false)
{
}

nsresult
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::Init()
{
  mTimer = NS_NewTimer();

  nsCOMPtr<nsIObserverService> observerService = services::GetObserverService();
  MOZ_ASSERT(observerService);

  for (auto topic : kObserverTopics) {
    nsresult rv = observerService->AddObserver(this, topic,
                                               /* ownsWeak */ false);
    NS_ENSURE_SUCCESS(rv, rv);
  }

  MOZ_TRY(mTimer->InitWithCallback(this, kPollingIntervalMS,
                                   nsITimer::TYPE_REPEATING_SLACK));
  return NS_OK;
}

void
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::Shutdown()
{
  nsCOMPtr<nsIObserverService> observerService = services::GetObserverService();
  MOZ_ASSERT(observerService);

  for (auto topic : kObserverTopics) {
    Unused << observerService->RemoveObserver(this, topic);
  }

  if (mTimer) {
    mTimer->Cancel();
    mTimer = nullptr;
  }
}

/* static */ bool
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::IsVirtualMemoryLow(const MEMORYSTATUSEX& aStat)
{
  if ((kLowVirtualMemoryThreshold != 0) &&
      (aStat.ullAvailVirtual < kLowVirtualMemoryThreshold)) {
    sNumLowVirtualMemEvents++;
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

/* static */ bool
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::IsCommitSpaceLow(const MEMORYSTATUSEX& aStat)
{
  if ((kLowCommitSpaceThreshold != 0) &&
      (aStat.ullAvailPageFile < kLowCommitSpaceThreshold)) {
    sNumLowCommitSpaceEvents++;
    CrashReporter::AnnotateCrashReport(
      CrashReporter::Annotation::LowCommitSpaceEvents,
      uint32_t(sNumLowCommitSpaceEvents));
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

/* static */ bool
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::IsPhysicalMemoryLow(const MEMORYSTATUSEX& aStat)
{
  if ((kLowPhysicalMemoryThreshold != 0) &&
      (aStat.ullAvailPhys < kLowPhysicalMemoryThreshold)) {
    sNumLowPhysicalMemEvents++;
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

void
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::SendMemoryPressureEvent()
{
    MemoryPressureState state = OngoingMemoryPressure() ? MemPressure_Ongoing
                                                        : MemPressure_New;
    NS_DispatchEventualMemoryPressure(state);
}

void
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::MaybeSaveMemoryReport()
{
  if (!mSavedReport && OngoingMemoryPressure()) {
    nsCOMPtr<nsICrashReporter> cr =
      do_GetService("@mozilla.org/toolkit/crash-reporter;1");
    if (cr) {
      if (NS_SUCCEEDED(cr->SaveMemoryReport())) {
        mSavedReport = true;
      }
    }
  }
}

void
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::AdjustPollingInterval(const bool aLowMemory)
{
  if (aLowMemory) {
    // We entered a low-memory state, wait for a longer interval before polling
    // again as there's no point in rapidly sending further notifications.
    mTimer->SetDelay(kLowMemoryNotificationIntervalMS);
  } else if (OngoingMemoryPressure()) {
    // We were under memory pressure but we're not anymore, resume polling at
    // a faster pace.
    mTimer->SetDelay(kPollingIntervalMS);
  }
}

// Timer callback, polls memory stats to detect low-memory conditions. This
// will send memory-pressure events if memory is running low and adjust the
// polling interval accordingly.
NS_IMETHODIMP
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::Notify(nsITimer* aTimer)
{
  MEMORYSTATUSEX stat;
  stat.dwLength = sizeof(stat);
  bool success = GlobalMemoryStatusEx(&stat);

  if (success) {
    bool lowMemory =
      IsVirtualMemoryLow(stat) ||
      IsCommitSpaceLow(stat) ||
      IsPhysicalMemoryLow(stat);

    if (lowMemory) {
      SendMemoryPressureEvent();
      MaybeSaveMemoryReport();
    } else {
      mSavedReport = false; // Save a new report if memory gets low again
    }

    AdjustPollingInterval(lowMemory);
    mUnderMemoryPressure = lowMemory;
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

// Observer service callback, used to stop the polling timer when the user
// stops interacting with Firefox and resuming it when they interact again.
// Also used to shut down the service if the application is quitting.
NS_IMETHODIMP
nsAvailableMemoryWatcher::Observe(nsISupports* aSubject, const char* aTopic,
                                  const char16_t* aData)
{
  if (strcmp(aTopic, "quit-application") == 0) {
    Shutdown();
  } else if (strcmp(aTopic, "user-interaction-inactive") == 0) {
    mTimer->Cancel();
  } else if (strcmp(aTopic, "user-interaction-active") == 0) {
    mTimer->InitWithCallback(this, kPollingIntervalMS,
                             nsITimer::TYPE_REPEATING_SLACK);
  } else {
    MOZ_ASSERT_UNREACHABLE("Unknown topic");
  }

  return NS_OK;
}

static int64_t
LowMemoryEventsVirtualDistinguishedAmount()
{
  return sNumLowVirtualMemEvents;
}

static int64_t
LowMemoryEventsCommitSpaceDistinguishedAmount()
{
  return sNumLowCommitSpaceEvents;
}

static int64_t
LowMemoryEventsPhysicalDistinguishedAmount()
{
  return sNumLowPhysicalMemEvents;
}

class LowEventsReporter final : public nsIMemoryReporter
{
  ~LowEventsReporter() {}

public:
  NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS

  NS_IMETHOD CollectReports(nsIHandleReportCallback* aHandleReport,
                            nsISupports* aData, bool aAnonymize) override
  {
    MOZ_COLLECT_REPORT(
      "low-memory-events/virtual", KIND_OTHER, UNITS_COUNT_CUMULATIVE,
      LowMemoryEventsVirtualDistinguishedAmount(),
"Number of low-virtual-memory events fired since startup. We fire such an "
"event if we notice there is less than memory.low_virtual_mem_threshold_mb of "
"virtual address space available (if zero, this behavior is disabled). The "
"process will probably crash if it runs out of virtual address space, so "
"this event is dire.");

    MOZ_COLLECT_REPORT(
      "low-memory-events/commit-space", KIND_OTHER, UNITS_COUNT_CUMULATIVE,
      LowMemoryEventsCommitSpaceDistinguishedAmount(),
"Number of low-commit-space events fired since startup. We fire such an "
"event if we notice there is less than memory.low_commit_space_threshold_mb of "
"commit space available (if zero, this behavior is disabled). Windows will "
"likely kill the process if it runs out of commit space, so this event is "
"dire.");

    MOZ_COLLECT_REPORT(
      "low-memory-events/physical", KIND_OTHER, UNITS_COUNT_CUMULATIVE,
      LowMemoryEventsPhysicalDistinguishedAmount(),
"Number of low-physical-memory events fired since startup. We fire such an "
"event if we notice there is less than memory.low_physical_memory_threshold_mb "
"of physical memory available (if zero, this behavior is disabled).  The "
"machine will start to page if it runs out of physical memory.  This may "
"cause it to run slowly, but it shouldn't cause it to crash.");

    return NS_OK;
  }
};
NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS(LowEventsReporter, nsIMemoryReporter)

#endif // defined(XP_WIN)

/**
 * This runnable is executed in response to a memory-pressure event; we spin
 * the event-loop when receiving the memory-pressure event in the hope that
 * other observers will synchronously free some memory that we'll be able to
 * purge here.
 */
class nsJemallocFreeDirtyPagesRunnable final : public nsIRunnable
{
  ~nsJemallocFreeDirtyPagesRunnable() {}

public:
  NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS
  NS_DECL_NSIRUNNABLE
};

NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS(nsJemallocFreeDirtyPagesRunnable, nsIRunnable)

NS_IMETHODIMP
nsJemallocFreeDirtyPagesRunnable::Run()
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(NS_IsMainThread());

#if defined(MOZ_MEMORY)
  jemalloc_free_dirty_pages();
#endif

  return NS_OK;
}

/**
 * The memory pressure watcher is used for listening to memory-pressure events
 * and reacting upon them. We use one instance per process currently only for
 * cleaning up dirty unused pages held by jemalloc.
 */
class nsMemoryPressureWatcher final : public nsIObserver
{
  ~nsMemoryPressureWatcher() {}

public:
  NS_DECL_ISUPPORTS
  NS_DECL_NSIOBSERVER

  void Init();
};

NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS(nsMemoryPressureWatcher, nsIObserver)

/**
 * Initialize and subscribe to the memory-pressure events. We subscribe to the
 * observer service in this method and not in the constructor because we need
 * to hold a strong reference to 'this' before calling the observer service.
 */
void
nsMemoryPressureWatcher::Init()
{
  nsCOMPtr<nsIObserverService> os = services::GetObserverService();

  if (os) {
    os->AddObserver(this, "memory-pressure", /* ownsWeak */ false);
  }
}

/**
 * Reacts to all types of memory-pressure events, launches a runnable to
 * free dirty pages held by jemalloc.
 */
NS_IMETHODIMP
nsMemoryPressureWatcher::Observe(nsISupports* aSubject, const char* aTopic,
                                 const char16_t* aData)
{
  MOZ_ASSERT(!strcmp(aTopic, "memory-pressure"), "Unknown topic");

  nsCOMPtr<nsIRunnable> runnable = new nsJemallocFreeDirtyPagesRunnable();

  NS_DispatchToMainThread(runnable);

  return NS_OK;
}

} // namespace

namespace mozilla {
namespace AvailableMemoryTracker {

void
Init()
{
  // The watchers are held alive by the observer service.
  RefPtr<nsMemoryPressureWatcher> watcher = new nsMemoryPressureWatcher();
  watcher->Init();

#if defined(XP_WIN)
  RegisterStrongMemoryReporter(new LowEventsReporter());
  RegisterLowMemoryEventsVirtualDistinguishedAmount(
    LowMemoryEventsVirtualDistinguishedAmount);
  RegisterLowMemoryEventsCommitSpaceDistinguishedAmount(
    LowMemoryEventsCommitSpaceDistinguishedAmount);
  RegisterLowMemoryEventsPhysicalDistinguishedAmount(
    LowMemoryEventsPhysicalDistinguishedAmount);

  if (XRE_IsParentProcess()) {
    RefPtr<nsAvailableMemoryWatcher> poller = new nsAvailableMemoryWatcher();

    if (NS_FAILED(poller->Init())) {
      NS_WARNING("Could not start the available memory watcher");
    }
  }
#endif // defined(XP_WIN)
}

} // namespace AvailableMemoryTracker
} // namespace mozilla