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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 2; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "nsISupports.idl"

interface nsIURI;
interface nsIPrefBranch;

/**
 * nsINetUtil provides various network-related utility methods.
 */
[scriptable, uuid(fe2625ec-b884-4df1-b39c-9e830e47aa94)]
interface nsINetUtil : nsISupports
{
  /**
   * Parse a Content-Type header value in strict mode.  This is a more
   * conservative parser that reject things that violate RFC 7231 section
   * 3.1.1.1.  This is typically useful for parsing Content-Type header values
   * that are used for HTTP requests, and those that are used to make security
   * decisions.
   *
   * @param aTypeHeader the header string to parse
   * @param [out] aCharset the charset parameter specified in the
   *              header, if any.
   * @param [out] aHadCharset whether a charset was explicitly specified.
   * @return the MIME type specified in the header, in lower-case.
   */
  AUTF8String parseRequestContentType(in AUTF8String aTypeHeader,
                                      out AUTF8String aCharset,
                                      out boolean aHadCharset);

  /**
   * Parse a Content-Type header value in relaxed mode.  This is a more
   * permissive parser that ignores things that go against RFC 7231 section
   * 3.1.1.1.  This is typically useful for parsing Content-Type header values
   * received from web servers where we want to make a best effort attempt
   * at extracting a useful MIME type and charset.
   *
   * NOTE: DO NOT USE THIS if you're going to make security decisions
   * based on the result.
   *
   * @param aTypeHeader the header string to parse
   * @param [out] aCharset the charset parameter specified in the
   *              header, if any.
   * @param [out] aHadCharset whether a charset was explicitly specified.
   * @return the MIME type specified in the header, in lower-case.
   */
  AUTF8String parseResponseContentType(in AUTF8String aTypeHeader,
                                       out AUTF8String aCharset,
                                       out boolean aHadCharset);

  /**
   * Test whether the given URI's handler has the given protocol flags.
   *
   * @param aURI the URI in question
   * @param aFlags the flags we're testing for.
   *
   * @return whether the protocol handler for aURI has all the flags
   *         in aFlags.
   */
  boolean protocolHasFlags(in nsIURI aURI, in unsigned long aFlag);

  /**
   * Test whether the protocol handler for this URI or that for any of
   * its inner URIs has the given protocol flags.  This will QI aURI to
   * nsINestedURI and walk the nested URI chain.
   *
   * @param aURI the URI in question
   * @param aFlags the flags we're testing for.
   *
   * @return whether any of the protocol handlers involved have all the flags
   *         in aFlags.
   */
  boolean URIChainHasFlags(in nsIURI aURI, in unsigned long aFlags);

  /** Escape every character with its %XX-escaped equivalent */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_ALL = 0;

  /** Leave alphanumeric characters intact and %XX-escape all others */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_XALPHAS = 1;

  /** Leave alphanumeric characters intact, convert spaces to '+',
      %XX-escape all others */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_XPALPHAS = 2;

  /** Leave alphanumeric characters and forward slashes intact,
      %XX-escape all others */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_PATH = 4;

  /**
   * escape a string with %00-style escaping
   */
  ACString escapeString(in ACString aString, in unsigned long aEscapeType);

  /** %XX-escape URL scheme */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_SCHEME = 1;

  /** %XX-escape username in the URL */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_USERNAME = 1 << 1;

  /** %XX-escape password in the URL */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_PASSWORD = 1 << 2;

  /** %XX-escape URL host */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_HOST = 1 << 3;

  /** %XX-escape URL directory */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_DIRECTORY = 1 << 4;

  /** %XX-escape file basename in the URL */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_FILE_BASENAME = 1 << 5;

  /** %XX-escape file extension in the URL */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_FILE_EXTENSION = 1 << 6;

  /** %XX-escape URL parameters */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_PARAM = 1 << 7;

  /** %XX-escape URL query */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_QUERY = 1 << 8;

  /** %XX-escape URL ref */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_REF = 1 << 9;

  /** %XX-escape URL path - same as escaping directory, basename and extension */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_FILEPATH = 
    ESCAPE_URL_DIRECTORY | ESCAPE_URL_FILE_BASENAME | ESCAPE_URL_FILE_EXTENSION;

  /** %XX-escape scheme, username, password, host, path, params, query and ref */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_MINIMAL = 
    ESCAPE_URL_SCHEME | ESCAPE_URL_USERNAME | ESCAPE_URL_PASSWORD |
    ESCAPE_URL_HOST   | ESCAPE_URL_FILEPATH | ESCAPE_URL_PARAM    |
    ESCAPE_URL_QUERY  | ESCAPE_URL_REF;

  /** Force %XX-escaping of already escaped sequences */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_FORCED = 1 << 10;

  /** Skip non-ascii octets, %XX-escape all others */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_ONLY_ASCII = 1 << 11;     

  /** 
   * Skip graphic octets (0x20-0x7E) when escaping
   * Skips all ASCII octets (0x00-0x7F) when unescaping 
   */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_ONLY_NONASCII = 1 << 12;

  /** Force %XX-escape of colon */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_COLON = 1 << 14;

  /** Skip C0 and DEL from unescaping */
  const unsigned long ESCAPE_URL_SKIP_CONTROL = 1 << 15;

  /**
   * %XX-Escape invalid chars in a URL segment. 
   *
   * @param aStr the URL to be escaped
   * @param aFlags the URL segment type flags
   *
   * @return the escaped string (the string itself if escaping did not happen)
   *
   */
  ACString escapeURL(in ACString aStr, in unsigned long aFlags);

  /**
   * Expands URL escape sequences
   *
   * @param aStr the URL to be unescaped
   * @param aFlags only ESCAPE_URL_ONLY_NONASCII and ESCAPE_URL_SKIP_CONTROL
   *               are recognized.  If |aFlags| is 0 all escape sequences are 
   *               unescaped
   * @return unescaped string
   */
  ACString unescapeString(in AUTF8String aStr, in unsigned long aFlags);

  /**
   * Extract the charset parameter location and value from a content-type
   * header.
   *
   * @param aTypeHeader the header string to parse
   * @param [out] aCharset the charset parameter specified in the
   *              header, if any.
   * @param [out] aCharsetStart index of the start of the charset parameter
   *              (the ';' separating it from what came before) in aTypeHeader.
   *              If this function returns false, this argument will still be
   *              set, to the index of the location where a new charset should
   *              be inserted.
   * @param [out] aCharsetEnd index of the end of the charset parameter (the
   *              ';' separating it from what comes after, or the end
   *              of the string) in aTypeHeader.  If this function returns
   *              false, this argument will still be set, to the index of the
   *              location where a new charset should be inserted.
   *
   * @return whether a charset parameter was found.  This can be false even in
   * cases when parseContentType would claim to have a charset, if the type
   * that won out does not have a charset parameter specified.
   */
  boolean extractCharsetFromContentType(in AUTF8String aTypeHeader,
                                        out AUTF8String aCharset,
                                        out long aCharsetStart,
                                        out long aCharsetEnd);

/**
   * Parse an attribute referrer policy string (no-referrer, origin, unsafe-url)
   * and return the according integer code (defined in nsIHttpChannel.idl)
   *
   * @param aPolicyString
   *        the policy string given as attribute
   * @return aPolicyEnum
   *         referrer policy code from nsIHttpChannel.idl, (see parser in
   *         ReferrerPolicy.h for details)
   */
  unsigned long parseAttributePolicyString(in AString aPolicyString);


  /**
   * This is a void method that is C++ implemented and always
   * returns NS_ERROR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED. To be used for testing.
   */
  void notImplemented();
};