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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- */
/* vim: set ts=8 sts=4 et sw=4 tw=80: */
/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "nsCache.h"
#include "nsMemoryCacheDevice.h"
#include "nsCacheService.h"
#include "nsICacheService.h"
#include "nsICacheVisitor.h"
#include "nsIStorageStream.h"
#include "nsCRT.h"
#include "nsReadableUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/IntegerPrintfMacros.h"
#include "mozilla/MathAlgorithms.h"
#include "mozilla/Telemetry.h"
#include <algorithm>

// The memory cache implements the "LRU-SP" caching algorithm
// described in "LRU-SP: A Size-Adjusted and Popularity-Aware LRU Replacement
// Algorithm for Web Caching" by Kai Cheng and Yahiko Kambayashi.

// We keep kQueueCount LRU queues, which should be about ceil(log2(mHardLimit))
// The queues hold exponentially increasing ranges of floor(log2((size/nref)))
// values for entries.
// Entries larger than 2^(kQueueCount-1) go in the last queue.
// Entries with no expiration go in the first queue.

const char *gMemoryDeviceID      = "memory";
using namespace mozilla;

nsMemoryCacheDevice::nsMemoryCacheDevice()
    : mInitialized(false),
      mHardLimit(4 * 1024 * 1024),       // default, if no pref
      mSoftLimit((mHardLimit * 9) / 10), // default, if no pref
      mTotalSize(0),
      mInactiveSize(0),
      mEntryCount(0),
      mMaxEntryCount(0),
      mMaxEntrySize(-1)  // -1 means "no limit"
{
    for (auto& eviction : mEvictionList)
        PR_INIT_CLIST(&eviction);
}


nsMemoryCacheDevice::~nsMemoryCacheDevice()
{
    Shutdown();
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::Init()
{
    if (mInitialized)  return NS_ERROR_ALREADY_INITIALIZED;

    mMemCacheEntries.Init();
    mInitialized = true;
    return NS_OK;
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::Shutdown()
{
    NS_ASSERTION(mInitialized, "### attempting shutdown while not initialized");
    NS_ENSURE_TRUE(mInitialized, NS_ERROR_NOT_INITIALIZED);

    mMemCacheEntries.Shutdown();

    // evict all entries
    nsCacheEntry * entry, * next;

    for (int i = kQueueCount - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
        entry = (nsCacheEntry *)PR_LIST_HEAD(&mEvictionList[i]);
        while (entry != &mEvictionList[i]) {
            NS_ASSERTION(!entry->IsInUse(), "### shutting down with active entries");
            next = (nsCacheEntry *)PR_NEXT_LINK(entry);
            PR_REMOVE_AND_INIT_LINK(entry);

            // update statistics
            int32_t memoryRecovered = (int32_t)entry->DataSize();
            mTotalSize    -= memoryRecovered;
            mInactiveSize -= memoryRecovered;
            --mEntryCount;

            delete entry;
            entry = next;
        }
    }

/*
 * we're not factoring in changes to meta data yet...
 *  NS_ASSERTION(mTotalSize == 0, "### mem cache leaking entries?");
 */
    NS_ASSERTION(mInactiveSize == 0, "### mem cache leaking entries?");
    NS_ASSERTION(mEntryCount == 0, "### mem cache leaking entries?");

    mInitialized = false;

    return NS_OK;
}


const char *
nsMemoryCacheDevice::GetDeviceID()
{
    return gMemoryDeviceID;
}


nsCacheEntry *
nsMemoryCacheDevice::FindEntry(nsCString * key, bool *collision)
{
    mozilla::Telemetry::AutoTimer<mozilla::Telemetry::CACHE_MEMORY_SEARCH_2> timer;
    nsCacheEntry * entry = mMemCacheEntries.GetEntry(key);
    if (!entry)  return nullptr;

    // move entry to the tail of an eviction list
    PR_REMOVE_AND_INIT_LINK(entry);
    PR_APPEND_LINK(entry, &mEvictionList[EvictionList(entry, 0)]);

    mInactiveSize -= entry->DataSize();

    return entry;
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::DeactivateEntry(nsCacheEntry * entry)
{
    CACHE_LOG_DEBUG(("nsMemoryCacheDevice::DeactivateEntry for entry 0x%p\n",
                     entry));
    if (entry->IsDoomed()) {
#ifdef DEBUG
        // XXX verify we've removed it from mMemCacheEntries & eviction list
#endif
        delete entry;
        CACHE_LOG_DEBUG(("deleted doomed entry 0x%p\n", entry));
        return NS_OK;
    }

#ifdef DEBUG
    nsCacheEntry * ourEntry = mMemCacheEntries.GetEntry(entry->Key());
    NS_ASSERTION(ourEntry, "DeactivateEntry called for an entry we don't have!");
    NS_ASSERTION(entry == ourEntry, "entry doesn't match ourEntry");
    if (ourEntry != entry)
        return NS_ERROR_INVALID_POINTER;
#endif

    mInactiveSize += entry->DataSize();
    EvictEntriesIfNecessary();

    return NS_OK;
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::BindEntry(nsCacheEntry * entry)
{
    if (!entry->IsDoomed()) {
        NS_ASSERTION(PR_CLIST_IS_EMPTY(entry),"entry is already on a list!");

        // append entry to the eviction list
        PR_APPEND_LINK(entry, &mEvictionList[EvictionList(entry, 0)]);

        // add entry to hashtable of mem cache entries
        nsresult  rv = mMemCacheEntries.AddEntry(entry);
        if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
            PR_REMOVE_AND_INIT_LINK(entry);
            return rv;
        }

        // add size of entry to memory totals
        ++mEntryCount;
        if (mMaxEntryCount < mEntryCount) mMaxEntryCount = mEntryCount;

        mTotalSize += entry->DataSize();
        EvictEntriesIfNecessary();
    }

    return NS_OK;
}


void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::DoomEntry(nsCacheEntry * entry)
{
#ifdef DEBUG
    // debug code to verify we have entry
    nsCacheEntry * hashEntry = mMemCacheEntries.GetEntry(entry->Key());
    if (!hashEntry)               NS_WARNING("no entry for key");
    else if (entry != hashEntry)  NS_WARNING("entry != hashEntry");
#endif
    CACHE_LOG_DEBUG(("Dooming entry 0x%p in memory cache\n", entry));
    EvictEntry(entry, DO_NOT_DELETE_ENTRY);
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::OpenInputStreamForEntry( nsCacheEntry *    entry,
                                              nsCacheAccessMode mode,
                                              uint32_t          offset,
                                              nsIInputStream ** result)
{
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(entry);
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(result);

    nsCOMPtr<nsIStorageStream> storage;
    nsresult rv;

    nsISupports *data = entry->Data();
    if (data) {
        storage = do_QueryInterface(data, &rv);
        if (NS_FAILED(rv))
            return rv;
    }
    else {
        rv = NS_NewStorageStream(4096, uint32_t(-1), getter_AddRefs(storage));
        if (NS_FAILED(rv))
            return rv;
        entry->SetData(storage);
    }

    return storage->NewInputStream(offset, result);
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::OpenOutputStreamForEntry( nsCacheEntry *     entry,
                                               nsCacheAccessMode  mode,
                                               uint32_t           offset,
                                               nsIOutputStream ** result)
{
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(entry);
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(result);

    nsCOMPtr<nsIStorageStream> storage;
    nsresult rv;

    nsISupports *data = entry->Data();
    if (data) {
        storage = do_QueryInterface(data, &rv);
        if (NS_FAILED(rv))
            return rv;
    }
    else {
        rv = NS_NewStorageStream(4096, uint32_t(-1), getter_AddRefs(storage));
        if (NS_FAILED(rv))
            return rv;
        entry->SetData(storage);
    }

    return storage->GetOutputStream(offset, result);
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::GetFileForEntry( nsCacheEntry *    entry,
                                      nsIFile **        result )
{
    return NS_ERROR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED;
}

bool
nsMemoryCacheDevice::EntryIsTooBig(int64_t entrySize)
{
    CACHE_LOG_DEBUG(("nsMemoryCacheDevice::EntryIsTooBig "
                     "[size=%" PRId64 " max=%d soft=%d]\n",
                     entrySize, mMaxEntrySize, mSoftLimit));
    if (mMaxEntrySize == -1)
        return entrySize > mSoftLimit;

    return (entrySize > mSoftLimit || entrySize > mMaxEntrySize);
}

size_t
nsMemoryCacheDevice::TotalSize()
{
    return mTotalSize;
}

nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::OnDataSizeChange( nsCacheEntry * entry, int32_t deltaSize)
{
    if (entry->IsStreamData()) {
        // we have the right to refuse or pre-evict
        uint32_t  newSize = entry->DataSize() + deltaSize;
        if (EntryIsTooBig(newSize)) {
#ifdef DEBUG
            nsresult rv =
#endif
                nsCacheService::DoomEntry(entry);
            NS_ASSERTION(NS_SUCCEEDED(rv),"DoomEntry() failed.");
            return NS_ERROR_ABORT;
        }
    }

    // adjust our totals
    mTotalSize    += deltaSize;

    if (!entry->IsDoomed()) {
        // move entry to the tail of the appropriate eviction list
        PR_REMOVE_AND_INIT_LINK(entry);
        PR_APPEND_LINK(entry, &mEvictionList[EvictionList(entry, deltaSize)]);
    }

    EvictEntriesIfNecessary();
    return NS_OK;
}


void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::AdjustMemoryLimits(int32_t  softLimit, int32_t  hardLimit)
{
    mSoftLimit = softLimit;
    mHardLimit = hardLimit;

    // First, evict entries that won't fit into the new cache size.
    EvictEntriesIfNecessary();
}


void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::EvictEntry(nsCacheEntry * entry, bool deleteEntry)
{
    CACHE_LOG_DEBUG(("Evicting entry 0x%p from memory cache, deleting: %d\n",
                     entry, deleteEntry));
    // remove entry from our hashtable
    mMemCacheEntries.RemoveEntry(entry);

    // remove entry from the eviction list
    PR_REMOVE_AND_INIT_LINK(entry);

    // update statistics
    int32_t memoryRecovered = (int32_t)entry->DataSize();
    mTotalSize    -= memoryRecovered;
    if (!entry->IsDoomed())
        mInactiveSize -= memoryRecovered;
    --mEntryCount;

    if (deleteEntry)  delete entry;
}


void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::EvictEntriesIfNecessary(void)
{
    nsCacheEntry * entry;
    nsCacheEntry * maxEntry;
    CACHE_LOG_DEBUG(("EvictEntriesIfNecessary.  mTotalSize: %d, mHardLimit: %d,"
                     "mInactiveSize: %d, mSoftLimit: %d\n",
                     mTotalSize, mHardLimit, mInactiveSize, mSoftLimit));

    if ((mTotalSize < mHardLimit) && (mInactiveSize < mSoftLimit))
        return;

    uint32_t now = SecondsFromPRTime(PR_Now());
    uint64_t entryCost = 0;
    uint64_t maxCost = 0;
    do {
        // LRU-SP eviction selection: Check the head of each segment (each
        // eviction list, kept in LRU order) and select the maximal-cost
        // entry for eviction. Cost is time-since-accessed * size / nref.
        maxEntry = nullptr;
        for (int i = kQueueCount - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
            entry = (nsCacheEntry *)PR_LIST_HEAD(&mEvictionList[i]);

            // If the head of a list is in use, check the next available entry
            while ((entry != &mEvictionList[i]) &&
                   (entry->IsInUse())) {
                entry = (nsCacheEntry *)PR_NEXT_LINK(entry);
            }

            if (entry != &mEvictionList[i]) {
                entryCost = (uint64_t)
                    (now - entry->LastFetched()) * entry->DataSize() /
                    std::max(1, entry->FetchCount());
                if (!maxEntry || (entryCost > maxCost)) {
                    maxEntry = entry;
                    maxCost = entryCost;
                }
            }
        }
        if (maxEntry) {
            EvictEntry(maxEntry, DELETE_ENTRY);
        } else {
            break;
        }
    }
    while ((mTotalSize >= mHardLimit) || (mInactiveSize >= mSoftLimit));
}


int
nsMemoryCacheDevice::EvictionList(nsCacheEntry * entry, int32_t  deltaSize)
{
    // favor items which never expire by putting them in the lowest-index queue
    if (entry->ExpirationTime() == nsICache::NO_EXPIRATION_TIME)
        return 0;

    // compute which eviction queue this entry should go into,
    // based on floor(log2(size/nref))
    int32_t  size       = deltaSize + (int32_t)entry->DataSize();
    int32_t  fetchCount = std::max(1, entry->FetchCount());

    return std::min((int)mozilla::FloorLog2(size / fetchCount), kQueueCount - 1);
}


nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::Visit(nsICacheVisitor * visitor)
{
    nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo * deviceInfo = new nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo(this);
    nsCOMPtr<nsICacheDeviceInfo> deviceRef(deviceInfo);
    if (!deviceInfo) return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;

    bool keepGoing;
    nsresult rv = visitor->VisitDevice(gMemoryDeviceID, deviceInfo, &keepGoing);
    if (NS_FAILED(rv)) return rv;

    if (!keepGoing)
        return NS_OK;

    nsCacheEntry *              entry;
    nsCOMPtr<nsICacheEntryInfo> entryRef;

    for (int i = kQueueCount - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
        entry = (nsCacheEntry *)PR_LIST_HEAD(&mEvictionList[i]);
        while (entry != &mEvictionList[i]) {
            nsCacheEntryInfo * entryInfo = new nsCacheEntryInfo(entry);
            if (!entryInfo) return NS_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEMORY;
            entryRef = entryInfo;

            rv = visitor->VisitEntry(gMemoryDeviceID, entryInfo, &keepGoing);
            entryInfo->DetachEntry();
            if (NS_FAILED(rv)) return rv;
            if (!keepGoing) break;

            entry = (nsCacheEntry *)PR_NEXT_LINK(entry);
        }
    }
    return NS_OK;
}


static bool
IsEntryPrivate(nsCacheEntry* entry, void* args)
{
    return entry->IsPrivate();
}

struct ClientIDArgs {
    const char* clientID;
    uint32_t prefixLength;
};

static bool
EntryMatchesClientID(nsCacheEntry* entry, void* args)
{
    const char * clientID = static_cast<ClientIDArgs*>(args)->clientID;
    uint32_t prefixLength = static_cast<ClientIDArgs*>(args)->prefixLength;
    const char * key = entry->Key()->get();
    return !clientID || strncmp(clientID, key, prefixLength) == 0;
}

nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::DoEvictEntries(bool (*matchFn)(nsCacheEntry* entry, void* args), void* args)
{
    nsCacheEntry * entry;

    for (int i = kQueueCount - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
        PRCList * elem = PR_LIST_HEAD(&mEvictionList[i]);
        while (elem != &mEvictionList[i]) {
            entry = (nsCacheEntry *)elem;
            elem = PR_NEXT_LINK(elem);

            if (!matchFn(entry, args))
                continue;

            if (entry->IsInUse()) {
                nsresult rv = nsCacheService::DoomEntry(entry);
                if (NS_FAILED(rv)) {
                    CACHE_LOG_WARNING(("memCache->DoEvictEntries() aborted: rv =%" PRIx32,
                                       static_cast<uint32_t>(rv)));
                    return rv;
                }
            } else {
                EvictEntry(entry, DELETE_ENTRY);
            }
        }
    }

    return NS_OK;
}

nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::EvictEntries(const char * clientID)
{
    ClientIDArgs args = {clientID, clientID ? uint32_t(strlen(clientID)) : 0};
    return DoEvictEntries(&EntryMatchesClientID, &args);
}

nsresult
nsMemoryCacheDevice::EvictPrivateEntries()
{
    return DoEvictEntries(&IsEntryPrivate, nullptr);
}


// WARNING: SetCapacity can get called before Init()
void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::SetCapacity(int32_t  capacity)
{
    int32_t hardLimit = capacity * 1024;  // convert k into bytes
    int32_t softLimit = (hardLimit * 9) / 10;
    AdjustMemoryLimits(softLimit, hardLimit);
}

void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::SetMaxEntrySize(int32_t maxSizeInKilobytes)
{
    // Internal unit is bytes. Changing this only takes effect *after* the
    // change and has no consequences for existing cache-entries
    if (maxSizeInKilobytes >= 0)
        mMaxEntrySize = maxSizeInKilobytes * 1024;
    else
        mMaxEntrySize = -1;
}

#ifdef DEBUG
void
nsMemoryCacheDevice::CheckEntryCount()
{
    if (!mInitialized)  return;

    int32_t evictionListCount = 0;
    for (auto& eviction : mEvictionList) {
        PRCList * elem = PR_LIST_HEAD(&eviction);
        while (elem != &eviction) {
            elem = PR_NEXT_LINK(elem);
            ++evictionListCount;
        }
    }
    NS_ASSERTION(mEntryCount == evictionListCount, "### mem cache badness");

    int32_t entryCount = 0;
    for (auto iter = mMemCacheEntries.Iter(); !iter.Done(); iter.Next()) {
        ++entryCount;
    }
    NS_ASSERTION(mEntryCount == entryCount, "### mem cache badness");
}
#endif

/******************************************************************************
 * nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo - for implementing about:cache
 *****************************************************************************/


NS_IMPL_ISUPPORTS(nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo, nsICacheDeviceInfo)


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo::GetDescription(nsACString& aDescription)
{
    aDescription.AssignLiteral("Memory cache device");
    return NS_OK;
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo::GetUsageReport(nsACString& aUsageReport)
{
    nsCString buffer;

    buffer.AssignLiteral("  <tr>\n"
                         "    <th>Inactive storage:</th>\n"
                         "    <td>");
    buffer.AppendInt(mDevice->mInactiveSize / 1024);
    buffer.AppendLiteral(" KiB</td>\n"
                         "  </tr>\n");

    aUsageReport.Assign(buffer);
    return NS_OK;
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo::GetEntryCount(uint32_t * result)
{
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(result);
    // XXX compare calculated count vs. mEntryCount
    *result = (uint32_t)mDevice->mEntryCount;
    return NS_OK;
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo::GetTotalSize(uint32_t * result)
{
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(result);
    *result = (uint32_t)mDevice->mTotalSize;
    return NS_OK;
}


NS_IMETHODIMP
nsMemoryCacheDeviceInfo::GetMaximumSize(uint32_t * result)
{
    NS_ENSURE_ARG_POINTER(result);
    *result = (uint32_t)mDevice->mHardLimit;
    return NS_OK;
}