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/* @(#)e_hypot.c 1.3 95/01/18 */
/*
 * ====================================================
 * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Developed at SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business.
 * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software is freely granted, provided that this notice 
 * is preserved.
 * ====================================================
 */

//#include <sys/cdefs.h>
//__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");

/* __ieee754_hypot(x,y)
 *
 * Method :                  
 *	If (assume round-to-nearest) z=x*x+y*y 
 *	has error less than sqrt(2)/2 ulp, than 
 *	sqrt(z) has error less than 1 ulp (exercise).
 *
 *	So, compute sqrt(x*x+y*y) with some care as 
 *	follows to get the error below 1 ulp:
 *
 *	Assume x>y>0;
 *	(if possible, set rounding to round-to-nearest)
 *	1. if x > 2y  use
 *		x1*x1+(y*y+(x2*(x+x1))) for x*x+y*y
 *	where x1 = x with lower 32 bits cleared, x2 = x-x1; else
 *	2. if x <= 2y use
 *		t1*y1+((x-y)*(x-y)+(t1*y2+t2*y))
 *	where t1 = 2x with lower 32 bits cleared, t2 = 2x-t1, 
 *	y1= y with lower 32 bits chopped, y2 = y-y1.
 *		
 *	NOTE: scaling may be necessary if some argument is too 
 *	      large or too tiny
 *
 * Special cases:
 *	hypot(x,y) is INF if x or y is +INF or -INF; else
 *	hypot(x,y) is NAN if x or y is NAN.
 *
 * Accuracy:
 * 	hypot(x,y) returns sqrt(x^2+y^2) with error less 
 * 	than 1 ulps (units in the last place) 
 */

#include <float.h>

#include "math_private.h"

double
__ieee754_hypot(double x, double y)
{
	double a,b,t1,t2,y1,y2,w;
	int32_t j,k,ha,hb;

	GET_HIGH_WORD(ha,x);
	ha &= 0x7fffffff;
	GET_HIGH_WORD(hb,y);
	hb &= 0x7fffffff;
	if(hb > ha) {a=y;b=x;j=ha; ha=hb;hb=j;} else {a=x;b=y;}
	a = fabs(a);
	b = fabs(b);
	if((ha-hb)>0x3c00000) {return a+b;} /* x/y > 2**60 */
	k=0;
	if(ha > 0x5f300000) {	/* a>2**500 */
	   if(ha >= 0x7ff00000) {	/* Inf or NaN */
	       u_int32_t low;
	       /* Use original arg order iff result is NaN; quieten sNaNs. */
	       w = fabs(x+0.0)-fabs(y+0.0);
	       GET_LOW_WORD(low,a);
	       if(((ha&0xfffff)|low)==0) w = a;
	       GET_LOW_WORD(low,b);
	       if(((hb^0x7ff00000)|low)==0) w = b;
	       return w;
	   }
	   /* scale a and b by 2**-600 */
	   ha -= 0x25800000; hb -= 0x25800000;	k += 600;
	   SET_HIGH_WORD(a,ha);
	   SET_HIGH_WORD(b,hb);
	}
	if(hb < 0x20b00000) {	/* b < 2**-500 */
	    if(hb <= 0x000fffff) {	/* subnormal b or 0 */
	        u_int32_t low;
		GET_LOW_WORD(low,b);
		if((hb|low)==0) return a;
		t1=0;
		SET_HIGH_WORD(t1,0x7fd00000);	/* t1=2^1022 */
		b *= t1;
		a *= t1;
		k -= 1022;
	    } else {		/* scale a and b by 2^600 */
	        ha += 0x25800000; 	/* a *= 2^600 */
		hb += 0x25800000;	/* b *= 2^600 */
		k -= 600;
		SET_HIGH_WORD(a,ha);
		SET_HIGH_WORD(b,hb);
	    }
	}
    /* medium size a and b */
	w = a-b;
	if (w>b) {
	    t1 = 0;
	    SET_HIGH_WORD(t1,ha);
	    t2 = a-t1;
	    w  = sqrt(t1*t1-(b*(-b)-t2*(a+t1)));
	} else {
	    a  = a+a;
	    y1 = 0;
	    SET_HIGH_WORD(y1,hb);
	    y2 = b - y1;
	    t1 = 0;
	    SET_HIGH_WORD(t1,ha+0x00100000);
	    t2 = a - t1;
	    w  = sqrt(t1*y1-(w*(-w)-(t1*y2+t2*b)));
	}
	if(k!=0) {
	    u_int32_t high;
	    t1 = 1.0;
	    GET_HIGH_WORD(high,t1);
	    SET_HIGH_WORD(t1,high+(k<<20));
	    return t1*w;
	} else return w;
}